Tuesday, July 24, 2018

The Holy Quran (Summary): Chapter 92 Sūrat al-Layl (The Night)

Sūrat al-Layl was revealed in the early days of Islam in Makkah with 21 verses and appears in the 30th part of the Holy Qur'an. In fact it is among the first ten sūrahs that were revealed unto Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

This is an easy to understand sūrah for its subject being the good and the bad people and their end reward on the day of judgment. Read the translation which shall then be followed by a short commentary.

Herein under is the translation of Sūrat al-Layl:
  • By the night as it envelops;
  • And by the day as it appears in brightness;
  • And by Him Who created male and female;
  • Certainly, your efforts and deeds are diverse (different in aims and purposes);
  • As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him,
  • And believes in the best [reward].
  • We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness).
  • But he who is greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient.
  • And denies the best [reward];
  • We will make smooth for him the path for evil;
  • And what will his wealth benefit him when he goes down (in destruction).
  • Truly! Ours it is (to give) guidance,
  • And truly, unto Us (belong) the last (Hereafter) and the first (this world).
  • Therefore I have warned you of a Fire blazing fiercely (Hell);
  • None shall enter it save the most wretched,
  • Who denies and turns away.
  • And the pious and righteous (Al-Muttaqun) will be far removed from it (Hell).
  • He who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification,
  • And have in his mind no favour from anyone for which a reward is expected in return,
  • Except only the desire to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High;
  • He surely will be pleased (when he will enter Paradise).
Allah Almighty, like many other sūrahs (Sūrat At Tin for instance) takes vow, a solemn promise, of truths in the shape of many of His bounties like the night, the day and the one who created male and female of all kinds. And then talks about two types of people: The good ones, who seek truth in Allah's given commandments and do good to help others without the lust for any wordily rewards, and the second kind who despite being shown the righteous path follow evil deeds and hurt others, for these wretched people the fire of hell awaits. 

As for the first category of people who spend their wealth in the way of Allah thinking that the wealth has been given to them to help others and not for their pleasures, and thus rise higher in the eyes of Allah and shall be rewarded in the hereafter with unimaginable rewards and bounties.  

The difference between both the categories of people is clear: One who seeks wordily pleasures for him alone will be given in abundance but will be among the worst in the world of the hereafter. But those who are given in abundance, or even less, but still give charities and help others with no reward intended but to please Allah, will be granted paradise where their selfless services will be paid back much beyond trheir imaginations.

It is observed by many a scholar and interpretors of Qur'an that the last four verse are indicative of deeds of Abu Bakr, a trusted companion and friend of the Prophet of Allah who was the first male adult who entered the fold of Islam the moment he heard that Muhammad (peace be upon him) has been chosen as a prophet by Allah. He beside a good human being was also a very wealthy man and when there was need of money in the cause of Allah, Abu Bakr emptied his entire household and brought it to the Prophet. When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) inquired him of what had he left in his house, Abu Bakr replied: Allah's name only.

Abu Bakr was also forthcoming in the freedom of many slave who had accepted Islam and were being tortured by their pagan masters. One such slave was Bilal, the African, whom his master had made him lie flat on the burning sand and placed a heavy stone on his chest. Bilal still called aloud "Ahad (Allah is one." Seeing his plight Abu Bakr paid the money and got Bilal freed.

You many now listen to recitation of the  Sūrat al-Layl  in Arabic with English / Arabic subtitles:

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 |
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