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Wednesday 17 July 2024

Why did Prophet Muhammad ﷺ use rain metaphorically to explain the concept of guidance

Many non Muslims try to find scientific correlation of events and working of the universe from the Qur'an - an analysis never applied to earlier three Divine Scriptures, that is Psalms, Torah and the Gospel. Though Qur'an  answers many such queries, Qur'an is not a book of science or fiction. In fact the Quran is a book of guidance for the entire mankind. It is the ultimate source of guidance for all aspects of life, providing direction on spiritual, moral, social, and legal matters. The Quran itself emphasizes its role as guidance for humanity in several verses. 

Here we would only refer to the very first verse on guidance as mentioned in the second verse of Surah Al-Baqarah (2:2):

"This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah."  This verse explicitly states that the Quran is a book of guidance for those who are mindful of Allah, often referred to as the "muttaqin" or the God-conscious.

We would write a comprehensive post on guidance as mentioned in Qur'an and many a hadith in a while. But for now we share a Hadith attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in which rain is used metaphorically to explain the concept of guidance.

This Hadith is mentioned in Sahi al-Bukhārī  (Book 3 Knowledge /  كتاب العلم / Chapter 20:  The superiority of a person who learns (Islam, becomes a religious scholar) and then teaches it to others / باب   فَضْلِ مَنْ عَلِمَ وَعَلَّمَ ‏ ) as Hadith 79, given herein under:

Narrated by Abu Musa:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits). The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah's religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has revealed through me (the Prophets and learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allah's guidance revealed through me (He is like that barren land.)"

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَثَلُ مَا بَعَثَنِي اللَّهُ بِهِ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَالْعِلْمِ كَمَثَلِ الْغَيْثِ الْكَثِيرِ أَصَابَ أَرْضًا، فَكَانَ مِنْهَا نَقِيَّةٌ قَبِلَتِ الْمَاءَ، فَأَنْبَتَتِ الْكَلأَ وَالْعُشْبَ الْكَثِيرَ، وَكَانَتْ مِنْهَا أَجَادِبُ أَمْسَكَتِ الْمَاءَ، فَنَفَعَ اللَّهُ بِهَا النَّاسَ، فَشَرِبُوا وَسَقَوْا وَزَرَعُوا، وَأَصَابَتْ مِنْهَا طَائِفَةً أُخْرَى، إِنَّمَا هِيَ قِيعَانٌ لاَ تُمْسِكُ مَاءً، وَلاَ تُنْبِتُ كَلأً، فَذَلِكَ مَثَلُ مَنْ فَقِهَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ وَنَفَعَهُ مَا بَعَثَنِي اللَّهُ بِهِ، فَعَلِمَ وَعَلَّمَ، وَمَثَلُ مَنْ لَمْ يَرْفَعْ بِذَلِكَ رَأْسًا، وَلَمْ يَقْبَلْ هُدَى اللَّهِ الَّذِي أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ وَكَانَ مِنْهَا طَائِفَةٌ قَيَّلَتِ الْمَاءَ‏.‏ قَاعٌ يَعْلُوهُ الْمَاءُ، وَالصَّفْصَفُ الْمُسْتَوِي مِنَ الأَرْضِ‏.‏

Explanation of the Hadith:
  • Guidance as a Blessing (As mentioned in Qur'an): The Quran frequently likens divine guidance to rain that brings life to barren land. For instance, in Surah Al-Hadid (57:17): "Know that Allah gives life to the earth after its lifelessness. We have made clear to you the signs; perhaps you will understand." Just as rain revives dead land, divine guidance revives the hearts and souls of people.
  • Different Receptions of Guidance: The hadith describes three types of land, which symbolize three types of people:
    • Fertile Soil: Represents those who absorb the guidance, understand it, and act upon it, bringing benefit to themselves and others. This aligns with the description in Surah Az-Zumar (39:18): 
      • "Who listen to speech and follow the best of it. Those are the ones Allah has guided, and those are people of understanding."
    • Hard Land: Represents those who hold onto the knowledge and convey it to others, even if they might not fully benefit from it themselves. This can be related to Surah Al-Baqarah (2:269):
      • "He grants wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. But none will remember except those of understanding."
    • Barren Land: Represents those who neither accept nor benefit from the guidance. This is reflected in Surah Al-A'raf (7:179):
      • "And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless."
  • The Role of the Prophet (ﷺ): The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) was sent as a mercy and a source of guidance to all of humanity.
    •  Surah Al-Anbiya (21:107) states: "And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds."
    • The hadith emphasizes the varying effects of his message on different people, illustrating the idea found in Surah Al-Kahf (18:29): "And say, 'The truth is from your Lord, so whoever wills - let him believe; and whoever wills - let him disbelieve.' Indeed, We have prepared for the wrongdoers a fire whose walls will surround them. And if they call for relief, they will be relieved with water like murky oil, which scalds [their] faces. Wretched is the drink, and evil is the resting place."
The hadith from Sahih Bukhari uses the metaphor of rain and different types of soil to explain how people respond differently to divine guidance. This metaphor is consistent with various Quranic themes, where guidance is depicted as a life-giving force, and people's varied receptivity to it is acknowledged. Those who understand and act upon the guidance are likened to fertile soil that brings forth vegetation, benefiting themselves and others. In contrast, those who reject the guidance are compared to barren land that remains unproductive.

So let us benefit from guidance from Qur'an and many a hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ which further explain the concept of guidance. Remember Qur'an and Hadiths are to interpreted with wisdom and not with a tainted mindset. It is only then we would start to know what is Siraat e Mustaqeem and true guidance.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Oft asked Queries from Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for more Hadiths on the subject

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.


Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Tuesday 16 July 2024

How to Ward Off Pain from Oneself (Supplication attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

Enduring pain is sometimes beyond the control of an ailing person. Even instant relieving medicines seem to be no answer for the unwanted pains. At times even the doctors are unable to diagnose the pain and ask the patient to take a number a tests. But tests take time, even days before he results are received, while the pain remains adding to the anguish and uneasiness. ‏

When nothing seems to be working out or the pain or distress is not subsiding, we should turn to a supplication made by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ  seeking refuge in Allah from the harm he is experiencing. 

This supplication is mentioned Jami` at-Tirmidhi  (28 -  Chapters Medicine / كتاب صفة القيامة والرقائق والورع عن رسول الله صلى الله / Chapter # 29 How To Ward Off Pain From Oneself / باب  ) as Hadith number # 2080:

'Uthman bin Abi Al-'As narrated:
"The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) came to me while I had a pain that almost ruined me. So,the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) said: 'Rub it with your right hand seven times and say A`udhu bi `Izzatillah Wa Qudratihi wa Sultanihi min sharri ma ajid." ("I seek refuge in Allah's might, power, an authority, from the evil of what I suffer.)" He said: "So I did it, and Allah removed what I had, and I never ceased telling my family and others to do it."

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مُوسَى الأَنْصَارِيُّ، قال حَدَّثَنَا مَعْنٌ، قال حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ خُصَيْفَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ السُّلَمِيِّ، أَنَّ نَافِعَ بْنَ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَاصِي، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَتَانِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبِي وَجَعٌ قَدْ كَانَ يُهْلِكُنِي فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ امْسَحْ بِيَمِينِكَ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ وَقُلْ أَعُوذُ بِعِزَّةِ اللَّهِ وَقُوَّتِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أَجِدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَفَعَلْتُ فَأَذْهَبَ اللَّهُ مَا كَانَ بِي فَلَمْ أَزَلْ آمُرُ بِهِ أَهْلِي وَغَيْرَهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)

Explanation of the Supplication
"I seek refuge in Allah's might, power, and authority, from the evil of what I suffer."

  • Seeking Refuge in Allah: This phrase demonstrates the believer's reliance on Allah in times of hardship. It acknowledges that ultimate protection and relief come from Allah alone.
  • Allah's Might, Power, and Authority: The supplicant is invoking Allah's supreme attributes, recognizing that Allah has the strength, capability, and control over all things, including the alleviation of suffering and protection from harm.
  • From the Evil of What I Suffer: This part of the supplication is a plea for relief from any form of suffering, whether physical, emotional, or spiritual. It recognizes that suffering can have an evil aspect, causing distress and difficulty, and seeks Allah's intervention to remove it.
Reference to the Quran
The concept of seeking refuge in Allah from various forms of harm and evil is deeply rooted in the Quran. Here are some relevant verses:

Surah Al-Falaq (113:1-5):
"Say, 'I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak
From the evil of what He has created
And from the evil of darkness when it settles
And from the evil of the blowers in knots
And from the evil of an envier when he envies.'"

This surah explicitly teaches Muslims to seek refuge in Allah from various forms of evil and harm.

Surah An-Nas (114:1-6):
"Say, 'I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,
The Sovereign of mankind,
The God of mankind,
From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws,
Who whispers in the breasts of mankind,
Among jinn and among men.'"

This surah emphasizes seeking refuge in Allah from the evil influences that can affect the heart and mind.

Surah Al-Baqarah (2:286):
"Allah does not burden a soul beyond that it can bear... Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us..."

This verse reflects the plea for Allah's mercy and help in bearing and alleviating burdens and suffering.

Surah Al-Isra (17:82):
"And We send down of the Quran that which is healing and mercy for the believers..."

The Quran itself is described as a source of healing and mercy, indicating that seeking Allah's help through His words is a means of relief from suffering.

Contextual Understanding
The supplication emphasizes the believer's dependence on Allah during times of suffering and distress. It serves as a reminder that:
  • Allah is the Ultimate Protector: Believers should turn to Allah in times of need, recognizing His power and authority over all things.
  • Spiritual Resilience: Through supplication and trust in Allah, believers can find strength and solace, knowing that Allah is aware of their suffering and has the power to alleviate it.
  • Constant Remembrance: Such supplications are part of maintaining a close and continuous relationship with Allah, keeping Him at the center of one's life, especially during difficulties.
In light of the Quran, this supplication reinforces the principle of seeking refuge in Allah and relying on His might and mercy to overcome the challenges and evils faced in life. 
So let us always turn to Allah in times of distress, pain and difficult times, for it is only Allah Who can relieve us of our difficult times and ailments.  
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

You may refer to our reference: page: Supplications attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for more prophetic supplications

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.


Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Wednesday 10 July 2024

Hospitality in Islam is a highly valued virtue

In Islam, treating guests with honor, kindness, and generosity is highly emphasized. The Quran and Hadith provide clear guidance on the importance and etiquette of hospitality. In fact, hospitality in Islam is a highly valued virtue, deeply rooted in the teachings of the Quran and the Hadith. It involves treating guests with kindness, generosity, and respect, providing for their needs, and making them feel welcome. The example of Prophet Ibrahim and the guidelines provided by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) serve as a model for Muslims to follow, emphasizing the importance of honoring guests and fostering a spirit of generosity and community.

The Quran recounts the story of Prophet Ibrahim and his exemplary hospitality towards his guests, as mentioned in Surah Adh-Dhariyat (51:24-27):

"Has the story reached you, of the honored guests of Ibrahim? When they entered upon him and said, '[We greet you with] peace.' He answered, '[And upon you] peace, [you are] a people unknown. Then he went to his family and came with a fat [roasted] calf and placed it near them; he said, 'Will you not eat?'"

Let us see how welcoming guests and entertaining them to the best of one's means brings virtues and blessings to the hosts in the light of Qur'an and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)

Encouraging Generosity:
  • The Quran encourages believers to be generous and kind to others, including guests.
  • Surah Al-Insan (76:8-9): "And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, [saying], 'We feed you only for the countenance of Allah. We wish not from you reward or gratitude.'"
Hadith Teachings on Hospitality
  • Importance of Hospitality: The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) emphasized the significance of treating guests well.
    • Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should serve his guest generously; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should unite the bond of kinship (i.e., keep good relation with his Kith and kin); and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should talk what is good or keep quiet." (Sahih al-Bukhari 6136)
  • Three-Day Hospitality:
    • The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) set guidelines for the duration of hospitality.
    • Narrated Abu Shuraih Al-Khuza'i: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "He who believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honor his guest with what he deserves." They asked, "What does he deserve, O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)?" He said, "A day and a night of what he deserves and hospitality for three days. Whatever is offered beyond that is charity." (Sahih al-Bukhari 6135)
  • Welcoming Guests:
    • The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) encouraged making guests feel welcome and comfortable.
    • Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "A guest is entertained with what he has." (Sahih al-Bukhari 6137)
Etiquette of Hospitality in Islam
  • Generosity and Provision: Guests should be treated with generosity, offering them the best of what one has. Providing good food and comfortable accommodation is a way to honor guests.
  • Respect and Kindness: Treating guests with respect and kindness, making them feel valued and appreciated, is essential. Engaging in pleasant conversation and ensuring their needs are met is part of good hospitality.
  • Patience and Tolerance:
    • Hosts are encouraged to be patient and tolerant, even if the guest's stay is extended or if they face any inconvenience.
    • The focus should be on serving and helping others for the sake of Allah.
  • Moderation:
    • While generosity is encouraged, hosts should also practice moderation, ensuring they do not burden themselves or their families excessively.
    • The balance between generosity and moderation is important in maintaining harmony and sustainability.
Indeed, the hospitality of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ knew no boundaries. His house was often full of people, who were always treated generously. The Prophet did not discriminate between those who came to his house for hospitality. He would even serve them personally.

Let us share an oft shared anecdote about a woman who complained to the revered Prophet about her husband bringing in too many guests. The anecdote will highlight the virtues that guest bring in and take away the vices of the house when leaving:

A woman came to The Prophet ﷺ and complained to him about her husband that he invites too many guests and she has become weary from preparing food for them and hosting them. The Prophet ‎ ﷺ did not answer and the woman left.
Sometime later The Prophet ‎ ﷺ called the woman’s husband and said, "I am your guest today." The man was so happy he went home and told his wife "The Prophet of Allāh ‎ﷺ is our guest today."
His wife was ecstatic and spent time and effort and used every bit of food to prepare for the arrival of the Most Honored Guest, The Prophet ‎ﷺ. After the amazing joy of hosting The Prophet ‎ ﷺ generously, The Prophet ‎ﷺ told the man, "Tell your wife to watch the door from which I leave your home."
So the wife watched the door from which The Prophet ‎ﷺ left her home and saw all kinds of creatures, scorpions and other harmful creatures leaving the house behind The Prophet ‎ ﷺ, upon which she fainted due to the immense manifestation and greatness of what she had witnessed.
Later when she came to Prophet ‎ ﷺ, he said to her, "This is what happens when the guest leaves your home, with him all kinds of harm, trials and tribulations and harmful creatures depart from your home, and that is the wisdom behind being generous to one’s guest and becoming weary doing so." 

So let us not be unhappy upon news of guests visiting us. In fact they are God sent to bring on many virtues and blessings and while leaving cleanse any Satanic traces with them to rid the house of any evil.  So be happy and treat your guests well from the heart and not as a burden or drain on your means for Allah will bless you more if you wholeheartedly welcome guests and treat them well.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

For more Q&A about Understanding Islam, please refer to our reference page: Understanding Islam - Frequently asked Q&A

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on FacebookYou may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on Social Media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Holy Qur'an - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

What did Prophet Muhammad ﷺ say about respect of his companions

Blessed have been those who lived in the companionship of prophets and messengers of Allah. For these were the people who not only saw the prophets and messengers from their own eyes, but also heard the Divine words as revealed unto them. It is for this reason that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ on many a occasion emphasized the importance of respecting his companions (Sahaba) through various sayings and actions. The companions are seen as role models for subsequent generations of Muslims, having lived during the formative period of Islam and closely followed the teachings and practices of the Prophet (ﷺ). He regarded them as exemplary models of faith and piety

Let us share some notable hadiths that highlight the Prophet's views on respecting his companions:

Protection and Reverence for Companions:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Do not revile my companions, for by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, if any one of you were to spend the equivalent of Mount Uhud in gold (in Allah's cause) it would not be equal to a mudd (a measure) or even a half mudd spent by one of them." (Sahih Bukhari 3673)

Note: Mudd is a scale of measurement which equals to about 650-750 grams. Now imagine the weight of the Mount Uhud and its comparison to just a few hundred grams. Now imagine the emphasis by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ on respect of his companions: On one hand is a man who spends fortunes equal to the weight of mount Uhud, and on the other hand is a companion of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who only spends a mudd or half of mudd in Allah's cause.

Overview of Mount Uhud (Photo Courtesy: People of Saudi Arabia

Significance and dimension of Mount UhudMount Uhud (Arabic: جَبَل أُحُد) is a mountain north of Medina, in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia. It is 1,077 m (3,533 ft) high and 7.5 km (4.7 mi) long. It was the site of the second battle between the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the polytheists of his tribe of Quraysh. The Battle of Uhud was fought on 19 March, 625 CE, between a force from the small Muslim community of Medina and a force from Mecca, in north-western Arabia.

Recognition of Their Sacrifices:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The best of my followers are those living in my generation (i.e., my contemporaries), and then those who will follow the latter (the next generation)." (Sahih Muslim 2533)

Avoidance of Disparaging Remarks:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Fear Allah regarding my Companions. Do not make them targets (for criticism) after me. Whoever loves them loves them because of his love for me, and whoever hates them hates them because of his hatred for me. Whoever harms them has harmed me, and whoever harms me has harmed Allah, and whoever harms Allah, it is imminent that He will seize him." (Sahih Muslim 2541)

Acknowledgment of Their Status:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The stars are a source of security for the sky and when the stars disappear, that which has been decreed for the sky will come upon it. I am a source of security for my companions and when I go away, that which has been decreed for my companions will come upon them. And my companions are a source of security for my Ummah and when my companions go away, that which has been decreed for my Ummah will come upon it." (Sunan Ibn Majah)

High Status and Honor:

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) placed his companions in high esteem, recognizing their unique status and sacrifices for the cause of Islam.

Prohibition of Insulting:

He explicitly prohibited insulting or criticizing his companions, emphasizing that any harm or disrespect towards them is akin to harming him and, by extension, Allah.

Security for the Ummah:

The Prophet (ﷺ) described his companions as a source of security and stability for the Muslim community, indicating their pivotal role in the preservation and transmission of Islamic teachings.

In light of above Hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) underscored the importance of respecting his companions due to their pivotal role in the early Islamic community, their sacrifices, and their exemplary faith. The hadiths provide clear guidance on treating the companions with reverence and avoiding any form of disparagement, highlighting their unique and honored status in Islam.

It is disheartening to see some Muslims ridiculing the companions of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and downplaying their role in the strengthening of Islam and carrying it forward as a sacred duty as entrusted to them by Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). Let us respect those whom Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) has asked to be respected, for if we do, we are nothing but annoying the soul of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Oft asked Queries from Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for more Hadiths on the subject

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Photo | Sources of Hadith are given after each Hadith mentioned above.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Tuesday 9 July 2024

What is the significance of Muharram - the first month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar

The sacred month of Muharram (Arabic: ٱلْمُحَرَّم) holds significant importance in Islam, as highlighted in both the Quran and Hadith. It begins after the Dhul Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar and it precedes the month of Safar. The month of Muharram is steeped in both religious and historical significance for Muslims. Not only is it a month decreed by Allah (SWT) as sacred, it is the first month of the Islamic calendar, marking the hijrah (emigration) of the Muslims to Medina and the establishment of the first Islamic state in 622CE.

Although, much can be written on the importance of this sacred month, this post explains its importance in very concise form based on its mention in Qur'an and Hadith, besides mentioning the tragic incident of Karbala, which happened despite special Divine commandments to refrain from fighting in this sacred month.

Muharram in the Quran

"Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him]." (Surah At-Tawbah (9:36)}

In this verse, Allah mentions the four sacred months, which include Muharram, during which fighting and acts of aggression are forbidden. These months are meant to be a time of peace, reflection, and increased devotion.

Muharram in the Hadith
  • Sanctity of Muharram:
    • Narrated by Abu Bakr: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The year is twelve months of which four are sacred: the three consecutive months of Dhu al-Qa'dah, Dhu al-Hijjah, and Muharram, and Rajab Mudar (which stands between Jumada and Sha'ban)." (Sahih Muslim 1679a)
  • Fasting in Muharram:
    • Narrated by Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The best fast after Ramadan is in the month of Allah, Muharram." (Sahih Muslim 1163)
  • Ashura (10th of Muharram):
    • Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas: "The Prophet (ﷺ) came to Medina and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He said, 'What is this?' They said, 'This is a righteous day. It is the day when Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemies, so Moses fasted on this day.' He said, 'We have more right to Moses than you.' So he fasted on that day and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day." (Sahih Bukhari 2004)
    • Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "If I remain alive till the next year, I shall also fast on the ninth [of Muharram]." (Sahih Muslim 1134)
Significance of Ashura
The day of Ashura, the 10th of Muharram, is particularly significant. It commemorates the day when Allah saved the Israelites from Pharaoh's tyranny. For Muslims, it also holds the tragic memory of the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), at the Battle of Karbala. This event is especially observed by Shia Muslims through mourning and remembrance.

Sacredness of Muharram
  • Peace and Non-Aggression: The sacredness of Muharram entails a prohibition on warfare and aggression, promoting peace and reflection. Yet we see how this commandment of Allah was grossly violated when the tragic incident of Karbala took place in which Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and his companions and family were martyred.
  • Acts of Worship: Muslims are encouraged to increase their acts of worship during Muharram, especially fasting. The fast of Ashura is highly recommended, and it is considered meritorious to also fast on the 9th and/or 11th of Muharram to differentiate from the Jewish practice.
  • Reflection and Remembrance: Muharram is a time for Muslims to reflect on historical events, including the deliverance of Moses and the Israelites and the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali. It is a time for learning lessons of faith, perseverance, and justice.
The sacred month of Muharram holds profound spiritual significance in Islam, marked by its prohibition on fighting, encouragement of fasting, and reflection on key historical events. The Quran and Hadith both underscore the importance of observing this month with increased devotion, peace, and righteousness, making it a special time for Muslims to renew their faith and commitment to Islamic principles.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Photo | Resource Reference: Wikipedia - read more about details of Muharram and Karbala Incident.

For more Q&A about Understanding Islam, please refer to our reference page: Understanding Islam - Frequently asked Q&A

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on FacebookYou may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on Social Media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Holy Qur'an - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Why Islam equates Cleanliness to Half of the Faith (Understanding Islam)

The concept of "cleanliness is half of faith" underscores the significant emphasis Islam places on both physical and spiritual cleanliness. It encourages Muslims to live a life of purity in all aspects, reflecting their faith through their actions and habits. This principle is deeply rooted in the Quran and Hadith, making cleanliness a fundamental part of a Muslim's daily life and spiritual practice.

The phrase "cleanliness is half of faith" (الطُّهُورُ شَطْرُ الإِيمَانِ) is derived from a hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), which emphasizes the importance of cleanliness in Islam. This concept is rooted in both the Quran and the Hadith, reflecting the comprehensive nature of cleanliness in a Muslim's spiritual, physical, and social life.

Abu Malik at-Ash'ari reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Cleanliness is half of faith and al-Hamdu Lillah (all praise and gratitude is for Allah alone) fills the scale, and Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah) and al-Hamdu Lillah fill up what is between the heavens and the earth, and prayer is a light, and charity is proof (of one's faith) and endurance is a brightness and the Holy Qur'an is a proof on your behalf or against you. All men go out early in the morning and sell themselves, thereby setting themselves free or destroying themselves. (Sahih Muslim, Book 2, Hadith 432)

حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَبَّانُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، أَنَّ زَيْدًا، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا سَلاَّمٍ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الأَشْعَرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ الطُّهُورُ شَطْرُ الإِيمَانِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلأُ الْمِيزَانَ ‏.‏ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلآنِ - أَوْ تَمْلأُ - مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَالصَّلاَةُ نُورٌ وَالصَّدَقَةُ بُرْهَانٌ وَالصَّبْرُ ضِيَاءٌ وَالْقُرْآنُ حُجَّةٌ لَكَ أَوْ عَلَيْكَ كُلُّ النَّاسِ يَغْدُو فَبَائِعٌ نَفْسَهُ فَمُعْتِقُهَا أَوْ مُوبِقُهَا ‏"‏ ‏. 

Let us examine this Hadith in detail in light of Quran and Hadith:

Spiritual Cleanliness: Purity of the Heart and Soul: Cleanliness in Islam is not limited to physical cleanliness but also includes spiritual purity. Muslims are encouraged to purify their hearts from malice, envy, and hatred.

وَيَسْـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلْمَحِيضِ ۖ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًۭى فَٱعْتَزِلُوا۟ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فِى ٱلْمَحِيضِ ۖ وَلَا تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّىٰ يَطْهُرْنَ ۖ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ ٱللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلتَّوَّٰبِينَ وَيُحِبُّ ٱلْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ 
They ask you ˹O Prophet˺ about menstruation. Say, “Beware of its harm! So keep away, and do not have intercourse with your wives during their monthly cycles until they are purified.1 When they purify themselves, then you may approach them in the manner specified by Allah. Surely Allah loves those who always turn to Him in repentance and those who purify themselves.” (Surah 2. Al-Baqarah 2:222)

Physical Cleanliness
  • Personal Hygiene
    • The teachings of Islam place great emphasis on personal hygiene, including regular washing, grooming, and cleanliness of clothing and surroundings. ("Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:222) 
    • Hadith: "Five practices are characteristics of the Fitra (natural disposition): circumcision, shaving the pubic hair, cutting the mustache short, clipping the nails, and plucking the armpit hairs." (Sahih Bukhari 5889)
  • Ritual Purity (Taharah)
    • Ablution (Wudu): Muslims perform wudu before prayers to maintain a state of ritual purity.
    • Quranic Verse: "O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles." (Surah Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
    • Hadith: "No prayer is accepted without purification." (Sahih Muslim 224)
Environmental Cleanliness:
  • Community and Environmental Cleanliness: Islam encourages the maintenance of cleanliness in public spaces and the environment.
    • Quranic Verse: "Indeed, Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves." (Surah Ar-Ra'd 13:11)
    • Hadith: "Removing harmful things from the road is an act of charity (sadaqah)." (Sahih Bukhari 2989)
Comprehensive Understanding
  • Holistic Approach: Cleanliness in Islam covers a holistic approach that includes cleanliness of the body, purity of the heart and soul, ritual purity for worship, and environmental cleanliness.
  • Integral Part of Faith: Considering cleanliness as "half of faith" signifies its integral role in a Muslim’s life, affecting daily rituals, personal habits, and social responsibilities.
  • Path to Piety: Maintaining cleanliness is a means to attain piety (taqwa) and righteousness, aligning with the overall objective of Islamic teachings to lead a pure and morally upright life.
In view of the above references form Qur'an and Hadith, we understand that cleanliness is not restricted to bodily cleaning, rather it covers a very wide spectrum of our lives. From inner purity to bodily cleaning to community and environmental hygiene, Islam emphasises that unless one has cleansed himself as individual and ensured that he helps in maintaining a clean and hygienic environment, his faith in Allah is not complete. 

Likewise the spiritual purity is equally important in addition to physical hygiene and cleanliness. Maintaining cleanliness is a means to attain piety (taqwa) and righteousness, aligning with the overall objective of Islamic teachings to lead a pure and morally upright life. The spiritual purity leads to purity of the heart and soul and ritual purity for worship.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Photo

For more Q&A about Understanding Islam, please refer to our reference page: Understanding Islam - Frequently asked Q&A

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on FacebookYou may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on Social Media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Holy Qur'an - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Saturday 6 July 2024

How to seek refuge from all forms of Evil (Supplications of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

Evil, in a broad sense, refers to actions, thoughts, or events that cause harm, suffering, or moral corruption. In Islamic theology, evil can stem from both external and internal sources and is often associated with the influences of Satan (Shaytan) and one's own nafs (inner desires). The last two Surahs of Qur'an (Surah 113. Falaq, and Surah 114. An Nas) are specially revealed to caution the believers about the enticement of the evil forces that befall on them outwardly and inwardly. 

Likewise, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ always advised his companions to be cautious of the evil and make a special supplication to ward of the evil and its spell. 

One of such supplications is mentioned in Sunan Abi Dawud (Book # 8  Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr / كتاب   الوتر / Chapter # 518 Regarding Seeking Refuge / باب فِي الاِسْتِعَاذَةِ
as Hadith number # 1551, quoted herein under:

Narrated Shakl ibn Humayd: I said: Messenger of Allah, teach me a supplication. And he said:

"O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from the evil of what I hear, from the evil of what I see, from the evil of what I speak, from the evil of what I think, and from the evil of my semen" (i.e. sexual passion).

Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani)

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، - الْمَعْنَى - عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ، عَنْ بِلاَلٍ الْعَبْسِيِّ، عَنْ شُتَيْرِ بْنِ شَكَلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، فِي حَدِيثِ أَبِي أَحْمَدَ شَكَلِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ - قَالَ - قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَلِّمْنِي دُعَاءً قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ سَمْعِي وَمِنْ شَرِّ بَصَرِي وَمِنْ شَرِّ لِسَانِي وَمِنْ شَرِّ قَلْبِي وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَنِيِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

There are similar Hadiths which have been quoted in other collection of hadiths about the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) seeking refuge from various forms of evil, including his own human weaknesses and impurities. A few are mentioned hereinunder: 

Narrated Aisha: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to say in his prayer: "O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done and from the evil of what I have not done."

Another version has: "O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the evil of my soul and from the evil of my actions."

Implications of the Hadith

Humility and Awareness: The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) exemplifies humility by acknowledging his human limitations and seeking Allah's protection from potential wrongs.

Seeking Allah's Refuge: The hadith emphasizes the importance of seeking Allah's refuge from all forms of evil, both apparent and hidden, including those that stem from one's own nature.

Comprehensive Supplication: The supplication covers various aspects of life, indicating a holistic approach to seeking divine protection and guidance in all matters.

Recognition of Human Weaknesses: By mentioning his own human weaknesses, the Prophet (ﷺ) sets an example for believers to recognize their flaws and turn to Allah for support and purification.

Spiritual Vigilance: The hadith encourages Muslims to be vigilant about their actions and constantly seek spiritual purification, acknowledging that only Allah can provide true guidance and protection.

While the supplication addresses protection from all forms of evil, the special mention of "evil of my semen" sums up all forms of evil as the focus of evil / Satan is always to induce thinking of lewdness and sexual desires in a man, as well as woman, specially the developing youth who find it difficult to control their sexual desires and often fail in the test. A vast majority of youth in the Western world  succumb to their sexual desires even before reaching poetry. It is alarming to note that under the banner of liberalism, many a Muslim youth too are giving in to the Satanic enticement and indulging in acts of lewdness and Haram sex. It is for this reason that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ made a special mention of it to warn the believers to strictly control their emotions that lead to acts lewdness.

Thus the above quoted supplication specially mentions "the evil of my semen" highlighting the Prophet Muhammad’s (ﷺ) humility and his recognition of human vulnerabilities. It underscores the importance of seeking Allah’s refuge from all forms of evil, including those that arise from within oneself. This supplication serves as a reminder for believers to be conscious of their actions and continuously seek divine assistance in overcoming their weaknesses and striving for spiritual purity.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

For more prophetic supplications, please refer to our reference page: Supplications attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.


Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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