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Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Surahs of the Holy Quran Known as Al-Musabbihat "The Praisers"


Al-Musabbihat “The Praisers,” is the title given to those Surahs of the Qur’an, which begin with Subhana (Glory to), or Sabbaha (he glorified), or Sabbaha (he glorifies), Sabbih (glorify thou) and 'Yusabbihu'.

It is generally afreed thatthe following five surahs fall under the category of Al-Musabbihat:
  • Al-Hadid (57th surah)
  • Al-Hashr (59th surah)
  • As-Saff (61st surah)
  • Al-Jumua (62nd surah)
  • At-Taghabun (64th surah)
Of the five surahs above, Surahs Al-Hadid, Al-Hashr and As-Saff commence with the past perfect tense 'sabbaha' "purity has been proclaimed" whilst the last two, namely Al-Jumu'ah and At-Taghabun commence with the imperfect tense yusabbihu [purity is proclaimed]. This implies that the purity of Allah should be declared at all times, the past, the present and the future.
However, some scholars also include the following two additional surahs in the same category of Al-Musabbihat:
  • Al-Isra 917th surah)
  • Al-Ala (87th surah)
It is oft quoted that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to recite Al-Musabbihat before he went to sleep and said: "Indeed there is an Ayah in them that is better than one thousand Ayat.". 
There is however difference of opinion as to which surah the prophet of Allah had referred to. Herein under are different views:
  • Ibn Kathir commented that this verse referred to is "He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing." (Al-Hadid 57:3) [1]
  • Abdu ‘l-Haqq says it is most probably either the last verse of the Suratu 1-Hashr ” He is Allah, the Pardoner, the Maker, the Fashioner! To him are ascribed excellent titles,” Or, the first verse of the Suratu ‘l-Hadid ” All that is in the Heavens and in the Earth praiseth Allah.” (Refrence Majma’u ‘l-Bihar, p. 86; Mishkat, book vii ch. i.) [2]
You may refer to our post "114 Chapters (Sūrahs) of the Holy Qur'an" for translation, meaning and summary of above surahs as appended in numerical ascendancy. 

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 |
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