Thursday, June 21, 2018

114 Chapters (Surahs) of the Holy Qur'an

The Holy Qur'an is divided into 30 parts and contains 114 chapters, called Surah in Arabic. Each part has varying number of chapters depending upon their length. For example the second surah Al Baqara (The Cow) is spread over two and half parts.

Most of the surahs were revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during his stay in Makkah. It is agreed by a majority of scholars 20 chapters were revealed in Medina, while the remaining were revealed in Makkah. However, of these 12 chapter are disputed for the place of revelation. 

The chapter revealed during stay of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Makkah is about about 13 years (610-622 AD) up to the time of his Hijrah to Madina. The second phase of revelation phase lasted about 10 years, from Hijrah Madina and to the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him). 

Although placed at number 96, the opening verses of The Surah Al Alaq (Clot) became the first verses of the Holy Qur'an revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him):
“Read in the name of thy Lord Who created: Created man from a clot of blood. Recite! Thy Lord is the Most Beneficent, Who taught man by the pen, taught him what he knew not”
And the last surah to be revealed on Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was Surah 
Al Nasr (Succour), revealed shortly after the magnificent cashless capture of city of Makkah, which gave an indication to the prophet that now his mission had come to an end for he had for the last 23 years successfully not only conveyed the words and commandants of Allah to mankind but also lived a life exactly as spelt out in the Holy Qur'an:

When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest,
And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes,
Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.
The details of 114 chapters along with their subject translated in English is shown as against each Arabic name herein under ( Click on the Surah which have been written in bold (blue) to see a summary and listen to the recitation ):
  1. Al Fatiha (The Opening)
  2. Al Baqara (The Cow) | Why Surah named after Cow | Āyat al-Kursī |
  3. Al 'Imran (The Family of 'Imran)
  4. Al Nisa' (Women)
  5. Al Ma'idah (The Repast)
  6. Al An'am (Cattle)
  7. Al A'raf (The Faculty of Discernment)
  8. Al Anfal (Spoils of War)
  9. Al Tawbah (Repentance)
  10. Al Yunus (Jonah)
  11. Al Hud
  12. Yusuf (Joseph)
  13. Al Ra'd (Thunder)
  14. Ibrahim (Abraham)
  15. Al-Hijr
  16. Al Nahl (The Bee)
  17. Al Isra' (The Night Journey)
  18. Al Kahf (The Cave)
  19. Maryam (Mary)
  20. Ta Ha (O Man)
  21. Al Anbiya' (The Prophets)
  22. Al Hajj (The Pilgrimage)
  23. Al Mu'minun (The Believers)
  24. Al Nur (The Light)
  25. Al Furqan (The Standard of True and False)
  26. Al Shu'ara (The Poets)
  27. Al Naml (The Ants)
  28. Al Qasas (The Story)
  29. Al 'Ankabut (The Spider)
  30. Al Rum (The Byzantines)
  31. Al Luqman
  32. Al Sajdah (Prostration)
  33. Al Ahzab (The Confederates)
  34. Saba' (Sheba)
  35. Fatir (The Originator)
  36. Ya Sin (O Thou Human Being)
  37. Al Saffat (Those Ranged in Ranks)
  38. Al Sad
  39. Al Zumar (The Throngs)
  40. Ghafir (Forgiving)
  41. Fussilat (Clearly Spelled Out)
  42. Al Shura (Consultation)
  43. Al Zukhruf (Gold)
  44. Al Dukhan (Smoke)
  45. Al Jathiyah (Kneeling Down)
  46. Al Ahqaf (The Sand-Dunes)
  47. Muhammad
  48. Al Fath (Victory)
  49. Al Hujurat (The Private Apartments)
  50. Qaf
  51. Al Dhariyat (The Dust-Scattering Winds)
  52. Al Tur (Mount Sinai)
  53. Al Najm (The Unfolding)
  54. Al Qamar (The Moon)
  55. Al Rahman (The Most Gracious)
  56. Al Waqi'ah (That Which Must Come to Pass)
  57. Al Hadid (Iron)
  58. Al Mujadilah (The Pleading)
  59. Al Hashr (The Gathering)
  60. Al Mumtahinah (The Examined One)
  61. Al Saff (The Ranks)
  62. Al Jumu'ah (The Congregation)
  63. Al Munafiqun (The Hypocrites)
  64. Al Taghabun (Loss and Gain)
  65. Al Talaq (Divorce)
  66. Al Tahrim (Prohibition)
  67. Al Mulk (Dominion)
  68. Al Qalam (The Pen)
  69. Al Haqqah (The Laying-Bare of the Truth)
  70. Al Ma'arij (The Ways of Ascent)
  71. Nuh (Noah)
  72. Al Jinn (The Unseen Beings)
  73. Al Muzzammil (The Enwrapped One)
  74. Al Muddaththir (The Enfolded One)
  75. Al Qiyamah (Resurrection)
  76. Al Insan (Man)
  77. Al Mursalat (Those Sent Forth)
  78. Al Naba' (The Tiding)
  79. Al Nazi'at (Those That Rise)
  80. 'Abasa (He Frowned)
  81. Al Takwir (Shrouding in Darkness)
  82. Al Infitar (The Cleaving Asunder)
  83. Al Mutaffifin (Those Who Give Short Measure)
  84. Al Inshiqaq (The Splitting Asunder)
  85. Al Buruj (The Great Constellation)
  86. Al Tariq (That Which Comes in the Night)
  87. Al A'la (The All-Highest)
  88. Al Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming Event)
  89. Al Fajr (The Daybreak)
  90. Al Balad (The City)
  91. Al Shams (The Sun)
  92. Al Layl (The Night)
  93. Al Duha (The Bright Morning Hours)
  94. Al Sharh (The Relief / Comfort)
  95. Al Tin (The Fig)
  96. Al Alaq (The Clinging Clot)
  97. Al Qadr (Destiny)
  98. Al Bayyinah (The Evidence of Truth)
  99. Al Zalzalah (The Earthquake)
  100. Al 'Adiyat (The Chargers)
  101. Al Qari'ah (The Sudden Calamity)
  102. Al Takathur (Greed for More and More)
  103. Al 'Asr (The Time)
  104. Al Humazah (The Slanderer)
  105. Al Fil (The Elephant)
  106. Al Quraysh
  107. Al Ma'un (Small Kindnesses)
  108. Al Kawthar (Good in Abundance)
  109. Al Kafirun (The Unbelievers / Those Who Deny the Truth)
  110. Al Nasr (Divine Help / Succour)
  111. Al Masad (The Twisted Strands)
  112. Al Ikhlas (The Declaration of [God's] Oneness)
  113. Al Falaq (The Rising Dawn)
  114. Al Nas (Mankind)
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