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Tuesday, July 31, 2018

The Holy Qur'an: Chapter 101 Sūrat al-Qāriʻah ( The Striking Hour )


Allah Almighty has warned the disobedient and obedient alike in many chapters of the Holy Qur'an about a day when this world will come to a violent end - a day when there will be massive earthquakes and earth shaking violently and everything coming to a standstill. That will be End Day, the Day of Resurrection to take stock of the deeds of the good and bad. Like our previous post ( Sūrat az-Zalzalah ( The End day Earthquake )), 101 Sūrat al-Qāriʻah also encompass the same warning and paints the grim picture of the Doomsday.

Before commenting on the text of Sūrat al-Qāriʻah, please read the English translation of the Sūrat al-Qāriʻah to understand its plain meaning / translation :
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ 
"In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"
  • Al-Qari'ah (the striking Hour i.e. the Day of Resurrection),
  • What is the striking (Hour)?
  • And what will make you know what the striking (Hour) is?
  • It is a Day whereon mankind will be like moths scattered about,
  • And the mountains will be like carded wool,
  • Then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy,
  • He will live a pleasant life (in Paradise).
  • But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light,
  • He will have his home in Hawiyah (pit, i.e. Hell).
  • And what will make you know what it is?
  • (It is) a hot blazing Fire!
The opening three verses of surah almost coincide or reciprocate the opening three verses of Surah al-Haqqa (Chapter 69):

الْحَاقَّةُ
The Inevitable [Day]!
مَا الْحَاقَّةُ
What an Inevitable Day it is.
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْحَاقَّةُ
And what will make you know what the Inevitable is?

As explained before, Allah has warned the man many a times in the Holy Qur'an of the inevitable that will happen and the day when the wrongdoers will repent and the those who did good and put their trust in Allah would rejoice. Now see the similarity of the warning contained in Chapter 69 above and Chapter 101 below

الْقَارِعَةُ 
The striking Hour,
مَا الْقَارِعَةُ 
What is the striking (Hour)?
وَوَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْقَارِعَةُ
And what will make you know what the striking (Hour) is?

Qariah literally means the striking one. Qar is to strike one thing upon another so severely as to produce a noise. In view of this literal meaning, the word qariah is used for a dreadful disaster and a great calamity. [1]

Having described what is Qariah, the following verses explain how dreadful will be day when  mankind will be like moths scattered about and the mountains will be like carded wool. This is how the day of doomsday would be so like. Imagine the mountains turned like the carded wool - the strongest features on earth whithering away, then you may imagine what would be state of affairs of the man made structures.

And the the process of reward and punishment would commence. Those with heavier ,load of good deeds will land up in the much promised paradise. But those with a heavier load of bad deeds will be thrown into a pit - a pit of hot blazing fire. 

Such examples and warnings are given to man off and on in the Holy Qur'an for man may chose the righteous path, the path Islam shows promises for the good believers. But for those believers and non believers who choose a path of wordily pleasures, status and wealth while slandering others will have a tragic and painful ending, forever.

Here are some references from the Holy Qur'an which convey similar warnings to the man of their dreadful ending if they do not act upon the commandments of Allah:
On that Day the weight will be identical with the truth: accordingly, those whose scales, will be heavy will alone come out successful; and those whose scales are light will be the ones who will have incurred loss upon themselves. (Surah Al-Aaraf verses 8-9).
O Prophet, say to them: Should we tell you who are the most unsuccessful people and miserable failures in regard to their deeds? They are those whose all endeavors in the worldly life had gone astray from the right way, but they were under the delusion that everything they were doing, was rightly directed. These are the people who rejected the revelations of their Lord and did not believe that they would ever go before Him. Therefore, all their deeds were lost, for We will assign no weight to them on the Day of Resurrection. (Surah Al-Kahf verses 103-105).
If you have read this with the real intent of being blessed, you shall be so blessed if you continue to find truth, the path to salvation and eternal pleasures of paradise, IF you sacrifice the wordily pleasures for the pleasures that await in the hereafter. The choice is wide open.

You may now like to listen to Arabic recitation of Sūrat al-Qāriʻah with English subtitles:

You may refer to our post "114 Chapters (Sūrahs) of the Holy Qur'an" for translation, meaning and summary of other chapters (Though not complete but building up from 30th Part backwards for chapters in 30th Part are shorter and easier to understand)

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