Monday 19 November 2018

99 Attributes of Allāh (Reference Page)

Allāh is the mighty Creator of the entire universe with limitless bounds man may never able to reach. If we look around in everything that is around us, we find in these one or more attributes of Allāh that no man can ever imagine. While in the Holy Qur'an, the Almighty is calls Himself Allāh, there are many attributes that one finds in the Qur'an that further explain the limitless powers of Allāh. Thus in the Holy Qur'an we find at least 99 names attributed to Allāh. These attributes are known as ʾAsmāʾu llāhi l-ḥusnā (Arabic: أسماء الله الحسنى‎ which mean Beautiful Names of Allāh. 

Herein under are listed these 99 attributes of Allāh and their plain simple meaning. However, we will devote one post each to explain every attribute separately to show the mightiness and omnipotence of Allāh - the attributes that can never be ever attributed to any person or even a prophet for Allāh is above all, the sole Creator of the Universe- The One who made this universe and the one who would one day destroy everything on the Day of Resurrection to question every human that ever lived of his deeds and award punishments and rewards bounties. 
Abu Hurairah reported that God has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever believes in their meanings and acts accordingly, will enter Paradise; and God is witr (one) and loves 'the witr' (i.e., odd numbers). — Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 8, Book 75, Hadith 419
There are differences in these attributes as some are found in the Qur'an while some are quoted from Hadiths. The most common list is the one which was compiled by Abu Hurairah, a revered companion of the Prophet of Allāh to whom are attributed most of the Hadiths. 

Herein under the 99 attributes of Allah (In alphabetical order for easy reference):
  1. Al-`Adl (العدل)  - The Absolutely Just
  2. Al-'Afuw (العفو) - The Pardoner
  3. Al-Ahad (الاحد)   - The One, The Only One
  4. Al-Akhir (الأخر) - The Ultimate
  5. Al-'Ali (العلى) - The Most High, The Sublimely Exalted
  6. Al-`Alim (العليم) - The All-Knowing, The Omniscient
  7. Al-Awwal (الأول)  - The First, The Pre-Existing
  8. Al-Azim (العظيم)  - The Supreme Glory, The Most Grand
  9. Al 'Aziz (العزيز) - The Mighty, The Eminent
  10. Al-Badi' (البديع) - The Originator,
  11. Al-Ba'ith (الباعث) - The Awakener, The Resurrector
  12. Al-Baqi (الباقي) - The Infinite - The Eternal
  13. Al Bari' (البارئ) - The Evolver
  14. Al-Barr (البر) - The Gracious Benefactor
  15. Al-Basir (البصير) - The All-Seeing
  16. Al-Basit (الباسط) - The Extender, 
  17. Al-Batin (الباطن) - The Hidden, The Inner
  18. Ad-Darr (الضار) - The Corrector, The Punisher
  19. Dhu-l-Jalali wal-Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) - The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
  20. Al-Fattah (الفتاح) - The Opener, The Revealer
  21. Al Ghaffar  (الغفار) - The Repeatedly Forgiving, 
  22. Al-Ghafur (الغفور) - The Forgiving, The Pardoner
  23. Al-Ghani (الغنى) - The Self-Sufficient, The Independent
  24. Al-Hadi (الهادي) - The Guide to the Right Path
  25. Al-Hafiz (الحفيظ) - The Preserver, The Protector
  26. Al-Hakam (الحكم) - Possessor of Authority of Decisions and Judgment
  27. Al-Hakeem (الحكيم) - The Wise
  28. Al-Halim (الحليم) - The Oft Forbearing, 
  29. Al-Hamid (الحميد) - The Praiseworthy, The Laudable
  30. Al-Haqq (الحق) - The Truth, The Only Reality
  31. Al-Hasib (الحسيب) - The Ever Reckoner
  32. Al-Hayy (الحي) - The Ever-Living, The Alive | 1 | 2 |
  33. Al Jabbar (الجبار) - The Overpowering, The Compeller
  34. Al-Jalil (الجليل) - The Majestic, The Glorious
  35. Al-Jami' (الجامع) - The Gatherer, The Uniter
  36. Al-Kabir (الكبير) - The Greatest, The Most Great
  37. Al-Karim (الكريم) - The Generous, The Bountiful
  38. Al-Khabir (الخبير) - The Inner-Aware, The Reality-Knower
  39. Al-Khafid (الخافض) - The Abaser, The Humbler, The One who Softens
  40. Al Khaliq (الخالق) - The Creator, The Planner
  41. Al-Latif (اللطيف) - The Subtle, The Gracious, The Refined
  42. Al-Majeed (المجيد) - The All-Glorious, The Majestic
  43. Al-Majid (الماجد)  - The Noble, The Generous
  44. Malik al-Mulk (مالك الملك) - The Master of the Kingdom
  45. Al Malik (الملك) - The Ruler, The King
  46. Al-Mani'(المانع) - The Preventer, The Shielder
  47. Al-Matin (المتين) - The Firm, The Steadfast
  48. Al-Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) - The Delayer, 
  49. Al-Mubdi' (المبدئ) - The Originator, The Initiator
  50. Al-Mudhill (المذل) - The Degrader, Humiliator
  51. Al-Mughni (المغنى) - The Fulfiller of Needs
  52. Al-Muhaimin (المهيمن) - The Protector, The Bestower of Security
  53. Al-Muhsi (المحصى) - The Reckoner, The Appraiser
  54. Al-Muhyi (المحيى) - The Bestower of Life, The Reviver
  55. Al-Mu'id (المعيد) - The Restorer, The Re-creator
  56. Al-Mu'izz (المعز) - The Bestower of Honor
  57. Al-Mujib (المجيب) - The Fulfiller of Prayers, The Responsive
  58. Al Mu'min (المؤمن) - The Granter of Security / Faith 
  59. Al-Mumit (المميت) - The Creator of Death, The Life-Taker
  60. Al-Muntaqim (المنتقم) - The Avenger, The Inflictor of Retribution
  61. Al-Muqaddim (المقدم) - The Expediter, The Promoter
  62. Al-Muqit (المقيت) - The Maintainer, The Sustainer
  63. Al-Muqsit (المقسط) - The Equitable, The Just
  64. Al-Muqtadir (المقتدر) - The All-Powerful Determiner, The Prevailing
  65. Al Musawwir (المصور) - The Fashioner
  66. Al-Muta'ali (المتعالي) - The Supremely Exalted
  67. Al Mutakabbir (المتكبر) - The Supremely Great,
  68. An-Nafi' (النافع) - The Creator of Good, The Propitious -The Benefactor
  69. An-Nur (النور) - The Light, The Illuminator
  70. Al-Qabid (القابض) - The Withholder
  71. Al-Qadir (القادر) - The All Powerful, The Most Able, The Empowered, The Capable
  72. Al-Qahhar (القهار) - The Ever-Dominant, The Prevailer
  73. Al-Qawiyy (القوى) - The Inexhaustible Strength 
  74. Al-Qayyum (القيوم)  - The Self-Existing, The Self-Subsisting
  75. Al Quddus (القدوس) - The Holiest, The Most Pure
  76. Ar-Raafi (الرافع) - The Exalter, The Uplifter
  77. Ar Rahim (الرحيم) - The Most Merciful
  78. Ar Rahman (الرحمن) - The Beneficent, Most Kind and Gracious
  79. Ar-Raqib (الرقيب) - The Watchful, The All-Observing
  80. Ar-Rashid (الرشيد) - The Guide to the Right Path of Rectitude
  81. Ar-Ra'uf (الرؤوف)  - The Tenderly Merciful and Consoling
  82. Ar-Razzaq (الرزاق) - The Supplier, The Provider
  83. As-Sabur (الصبور) - The Most Patient
  84. As Salam (السلام) - The Source of Peace 
  85. As-Samad (الصمد) - The Satisfier of All Needs
  86. As-Sami (السميع) - The Hearer of invocation 
  87. Ash-Shahid (الشهيد) - The Witness
  88. Ash-Shakur (الشكور) -The Multiplier of Rewards, The Most Appreciative
  89. At-Tawwab (التواب) - The Acceptor of Repentance, 
  90. Al-Wadud (الودود) - The Most Affectionate
  91. Al-Wahhab (الوهاب) - The Liberal Bestower, The Giver of Gifts
  92. Al-Wahid (ٱلْوَاحِدُ) - The Manifestation of Unity
  93. Al-Wajid (الواجد) -  The Finder, The Perceiver
  94. Al-Wakil (الوكيل) -  The Trustee, The Advocate
  95. Al-Waliyy (الولى) - The Sole Governor, The Friendly Lord
  96. Al-Wali (الوالي)  -  The Patron / The Protective Ruler
  97. Al-Wārith (الوارث) -  The Inheritor of All, The Supreme Heir
  98. Al-Wasi (الواسع) -  The All-Embracing, The All-Pervading
  99. Az-Zahir (الظاهر) - The Manifest, The Evident
Please listen to a soul-searching video displaying these 99 attributes of Allāh along with English translation and meaning:
Now in our upcoming posts we shall explain each attribute as it appears in Qur'an for its explanation and true meaning.

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
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