Wednesday 5 February 2020

99 Attributes of Allah: Al-Hakam - Possessor of Authority of Decisions and Judgment

Allah is Al Ḥakam " ٱلْحَكَمُ " - The Sole Possessor of Authority of Decisions and Judgment, The Judge, Arbitrator, Arbiter, All-Decree.

The following verse of Surah 6. Al-An'am was revealed on Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as an answer to the disbelievers of Makkah who questioned why it was that they had openly rejected a Prophet sent by God, but had not been struck down by God's wrath? They said that the fact of his appointment by God meant that anyone who either disbelieved or insulted him would, at once, be either plunged into the earth or struck by lightning. And yet, they pointed out, the Messenger of God and his followers faced new sufferings and humiliations whereas those who abused and persecuted him enjoyed prosperity.

قُلۡ اِنِّىۡ عَلٰى بَيِّنَةٍ مِّنۡ رَّبِّىۡ وَكَذَّبۡتُمۡ بِهٖ​ؕ مَا عِنۡدِىۡ مَا تَسۡتَعۡجِلُوۡنَ بِهٖؕ اِنِ الۡحُكۡمُ اِلَّا لِلّٰهِ​ؕ يَقُصُّ الۡحَـقَّ​ وَهُوَ خَيۡرُ الۡفٰصِلِيۡنَ‏ 

"Say: 'I take stand upon a clear evidence from my Lord and it is that which you have given the lie to. That which you desire to be hastened is not within my power. Judgement lies with Allah alone. He declares the Truth, and He is the best judge.'"

This verse clearly shows that although Allah is the Sole Possessor of Decisions and Judgement, He does not use this authority in haste to punish those who disbelieve in Him or reject His commandments. For had it been so, most of the world populace would be immensely suffering and the world would become a place of chaos. In fact Allah judges and makes decisions without an prejudice and awards and rewards and punishes with disregard to who obeys Him and who doesn't.

The words hakam and hakīm  (Al Hakīmٱلْحَكِيمُ" , yet another attribute of Allah)  both arise from the same h-k-m root, but hakam is a verbal noun which emphasizes the delivery of justice, while hakīm is a noun which indicates the essential nature of the possessor of wisdom. Both words stem from the root h-k-m ح ک م which mean: (1) to be wise, knowing the true nature of things, (2) to pass judgment, to decide, pass a verdict, (3) to judge and pass sentence, (4) to prevent or restrain from wrongdoing or corruption, (5) to turn someone back from wrongdoing or ignorance.

Thus Al Hakīm is the One who gives the Decision and declares Judgement. He is the One who always delivers justice, in every situation, to everyone. 

Though it may seem injustice to some when wrath  of Allah befalls on someone or a community or a nation, yet Al-Ḥakam never wrongs anyone and is never oppressive, He is the only true judge; no one can overturn His judgment and no one can ever appeal His decree! He alone is the One that distinguishes between the truth and falsehood, the wrong and the true and makes decisions accordingly before falsehood and wrong prevails out of limits and harms those who believe in Him and awaits His decree and Justice.

In Surat al-Ana`m, we read: "Shall I then seek a judge other than Allah? He it is who has revealed to you the Book (which is) made clear" (Quran, 6:114). In Surat Younus we read: "Follow what is revealed to you and persevere till Allah gives His judgment, and He is the best of judges" (Quran, 10:109).

So beware of the Justice when it comes to be delivered by Allah and seek forgiveness from that day when He will decide what and who was wrong and what and who were otherwise:

اللّٰهُ يَحۡكُمُ بَيۡنَكُمۡ يَوۡمَ الۡقِيٰمَةِ فِيۡمَا كُنۡتُمۡ فِيۡهِ تَخۡتَلِفُوۡنَ‏  

"Allah will judge among you on the Day of Resurrection concerning matters about which you disagreed." (Surah 22. Al-Hajj: 69)

You may watch the video below wherein Shaykh Faraz Rabbani explains the two attributes of Allah: Al Ḥakam and Al-'Adil, both standing for dispensation of Justice:

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allāh" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran

Photo | References1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |

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