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Thursday, October 11, 2018

Mention of the Attributes of the Blessed in the Holy Quran


“Life” is a heartbeat and a pulse. One is alive as long as the heartbeats - something that is not in anyone's control. But “living” is something that is contingent upon one's abilities and aspirations to appreciate the Nature and people around. Those who can communicate well with Nature and people, live a happy and meaningful living. The more one is vibrant and communicative, the more one enjoys, caring less and enjoying more. As Katharine Hepburn once remarked " If you obey all the rules, you’ll miss all the fun."

Now here lies the difference. Living with or without rules. We all have been created by Allah Almighty for some specific purpose, though unknown to us. And we have been given certain rules and guidelines to stay within while living and finding a meaning for our lives. Religions always set forth these guidelines to live a living as desired by our Divine omnipotent Creator. For as long as we live as directed, we shall be among the blessed ones and ultimately rewarded. But if we transgress from rules and live a living of fun, laughter and momentary wordily happiness, we are likely to faulter and get astray and draw the Divine displeasure. 

So unlike the quotation of Katharine Hepburn quoted above of obeying the rules and missing the fun, if a person lives a life as commanded by the guidelines set forth by his faith, one may miss the colours and fun as those rule-less people enjoying, but can be rest assured that one would be rewarded with good not only here but in the hereafter. Such are the people who are blessed and shall be rewarded.

Islam, like all other faiths, lays down guidelines to live a blessed living. The way is hard yet immensely rewarding. While we see people of other faiths who have altogether discarded religion from their lives and making merry and living a limitless life, open and free sex without bounds of decency and marriage, boozing to an extent that one loses control over self and then committing acts one is only regretful when the hangover is over, Muslims have been warned of such living and repeatedly cautioned in the Holy Qur'an and through practical living model of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to chose between wordily desires and heavenly rewards. Wordily desires, a life without rules, would have a disastrous end in the hereafter, while those who prefer rules and live a life within the confines of Divine guidelines will flourish in the heavens in the hereafter.

Herein under are some of the attributes of the people who when live a living as prescribed for them in the Holy Qur'an and have been foretold of them being blessed:
15) Indeed, the righteous will be among gardens and springs, 16) Accepting what their Lord has given them. Indeed, they were before that doers of good., 17) They used to sleep but little of the night, 18) And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness, 10) And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived[Surah Adh-Dhariyat 51:15-19] 
By the righteous it implies those people who believe in the Hereafter when they are given the news of it by the Book of Allah and His Messenger, and adopt the attitude and way of life that they are taught for success in the life hereafter, and refrain from the way about which they had been told that it would involve man in the torment of God. And those sped the major part of their nights in the worship of Allah Almighty and sleep little, and did not follow those who spend their nights in immoral and indecent acts and even never thought of seeking Allah's forgiveness. People who are really pious and righteous, remain ever ready to willingly do whatever good they can, do not let slip any opportunity when they can do some good to the people in the world. The people who recognize the true value of goodness, do not think of helping others as burden for whatever they have has been given by Allah and without His help they could not sustain even a single sin-less day.
16) They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, 17) And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do. they spend[Surah As-Sajdah, 32:16 ]
People worship their Lord instead of enjoying sensuous pleasures at night. They are not like the world-worshipers, who seek entertainments in music and dancing, drinking and merry-making, in the night in order to get relief from the day's fatigue and labor and toil. Instead, when they are free from their day's work and duties, they devote themselves to the adoration of their Lord, spend their nights in His remembrance, tremble out of fear of Him, and pin all their hopes on Him. "Who forsake their beds" does not mean that they do not sleep at all at night, but that they spend a part of the night in Allah's worship.]





The following three verses (134-136) of Surah Al e-Imran, Chapter 3, speak of the people who willingly spend to help others both in times of ease hardships for the sake of Allah, and restrain form anger even when being wronged, for anyone who can restrain one's anger and forgives the wrongdoer is far elevated than that who takes revenge and does not forgive, for we also ask forgiveness for ourselves. If we do not forgive others, how can ask the same for us. And then people who commit an immoral act or sin and still are repentant and ask forgiveness from Allah, then who else is there except Allah who can forgive them? Thus here three things are highlighted: Helping others, restraining one's anger and forgiving, and repenting when having sinned. These are the blessed people who will be granted gardens of Paradise where rivers flow underneath with sweet smelling water.

134) Who spend [in the cause of Allah ] during ease and hardship and who restrain anger and who pardon the people - and Allah loves the doers of good; 135) And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins - and who can forgive sins except Allah ? - and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know. 136) Those - their reward is forgiveness from their Lord and gardens beneath which rivers flow [in Paradise], wherein they will abide eternally; and excellent is the reward of the [righteous] workers. 
In  Surah Ash-Shuraa [42:37-38], those blessed people have been mentioned who are pious and temperate and cool minded: they are not revengeful but forbearing and forgiving by nature. If ever they feel angry at something they control their rage. This characteristic is the best of man's qualities. In fact this attribute has been a major factor of the Holy Prophet's success. According to Hadrat 'A'ishah, 'The Holy Messenger of Allah never avenged himself on anybody, however, when a thing enjoined to be held sacred by Allah was desecrated, he would award the punishment." (Bukhari, Muslim)
37) And those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, and when they are angry, they forgive, 38) And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is [determined by] consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend. 
The last verse above imply:
(1) "They spend only out of what lawful provisions We have given them: they do not touch unlawful things for supplementing their expenditure. " (2) "They do not set aside the provisions granted by us, but spend them. " (3) "They spend out of what they have been given in the cause of Allah also: they do not reserve everything for personal use only."
But for him who [the true believer of Islamic Monotheism who performs all the duties ordained by Allah and His Messenger Muhammad , and keeps  away (abstain) from all kinds of sin and evil deeds prohibited in Islam and fears standing before his Lord], says Allah in last portion of Surah Ar Rahman: [1]
There will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). With spreading branches; In them (both) will be two springs flowing (free), In them (both) will be every kind of fruit in pairs. Reclining upon the couches lined with silk brocade, and the fruits of the two Gardens will be near at hand. Wherein both will be those (maidens) restraining their glances upon their husbands, whom no man or jinn before them. (In beauty) they are like rubies and coral. Is there any reward for good other than good? And besides these two, there are two other Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). Dark green (in colour). In them (both) will be two springs gushing forth water.  In them (both) will be fruits, and date- palms and pomegranates. Therein (gardens) will be fair (wives) good and beautiful;  Houris (beautiful, fair females) restrained in pavilions; Whom no man or jinn have ever touched before. Reclining on green cushions and rich beautiful mattresses. 
Wouldn't you after reading this like to induce attributions of the blessed in you to be blessed and awarded Jannah, Paradise?

Photo: Jalal HB | References: | 1 | 2
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