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Tuesday, February 19, 2019

99 Attributes of Allah: Al Qawwiyy (The Strong) Al Aziz (The Almighty) Al Hakeem (The Wise)


The attributes of Allah, Al Qawwiyy (The Strong) and Al Aziz (The Almighty) appear together at four places in the Holy Quran as both complement the meaning of each other, while AL Aziz and Al Hakeem (The Wise) appear also appear at four places together in the Holy Qur'an.

Al Qawwiyy - القوي  (The Strong) 
The mention of the attributes Al Qawwiyy and Al Aziz is made together in Surah Al Hajj, verse 40:
[They are] those who have been evicted from their homes without right - only because they say, "Our Lord is Allah ." And were it not that Allah checks the people, some by means of others, there would have been demolished monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the name of Allah is much mentioned. And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.
"Al-Qawiyy" means: the One Whose strength is unlimited and before Whom the strength of His foe wavers, and so does the greatness of anyone held as great. Linguistically, "al-Qawiyy" is derived from quwwa ( قوة ), strength, power, might, or ability. It is in lexicons indicative of strength versus weakness. Strength in this sense describes a complete and perfect might. Since He is very Strong, Allah has the most perfect and absolute might and perfection; He has said:
So when Our command came, We saved Salih and those who believed with him, by mercy from Us, and [saved them] from the disgrace of that day. Indeed, it is your Lord who is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might. (Quran, Surah Al Hud 11:66).
Al-Qawiyy is thus the One Whose Might and Greatness are perfect: He subdues and is not subdued; He helps and is not helped; His Might is superior to the might of anyone else. It is also said that He never suffers any weakness in Himself, in His qualities, or in His actions, and His strength is indicative of His complete Might.

Al Aziz - العزيز  (The Almighty - The Exalted in Might) 
The attribute means the Almighty the Exalted One. When addressing the Prophet Musa (Moses peace be upon him), Allah proclaims His Might in [Al Qur'an, Surah An Naml 27:9]:

يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّهُ أَنَا اللَّهُ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
O Moses, indeed it is I - Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." 

Al-`Aziz is the One Who Alone has all honour; He is never humiliated, nor is He ever wronged; neither imagination nor intellect can ever conceive Him. The root word of this Attribute is `izz, which means might, power, strength, victory, elevation, non-submission. 
"And to Him belongs greatness in the heavens and in the earth, and He is the Mighty, the Wise" (Quran, 45:37)
He is the One Who cannot be overcome or in any way harmed, the One Who has no peer nor a similitude, Who is very much needed, Who is victorious and is never vanquished, the Mighty, the Omnipotent Who can never be reached.




The third attribute mentioned here is Al Hakeem " الحكيم " The Wise, The Judge of Judges, The One who is correct in His doings. "Hakeem" is a superlative form for the glorification of the One who has all the wisdom; hence, al-Hakeem is the very greatest in His wisdom.  Wisdom means: the best way of knowing something utilizing the very best of means. "Al-Hakeem" carries the same meaning as that of "al-`Aleem." Nobody knows Allah except Allah; therefore, al- Hakeem cannot be anyone but Allah: He knows the origins of all things through His eternal and perpetual knowledge which nobody can ever conceive as being liable to extinction.
And if whatever trees upon the earth were pens and the sea [was ink], replenished thereafter by seven [more] seas, the words of Allah would not be exhausted. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. [Surah Luqman 31:27] 
"Al Hakeem" is thus the One who is Most Knowing. The One who possesses the quality of discrimination between right and wrong and who is free from error or misunderstanding. The One who has perfect wisdom. The One whose wisdom turns mankind back from wrongdoing. The One who is qualified to judge the worth of all things.

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allah" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

References: | 12 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 |
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