Thursday 8 October 2020

99 Attributes of Allah: Ar-Rashīd - The Guide to the Right Path of Rectitude

Allah in His all might is the Ar-Rashīd " ٱلْرَّشِيدُ " -  The Guide to the Right Path of  Rectitude - The Appointer of the Right Path.

Allah has since the creation of the universe, and specifically so since the creation of Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) and his wife Eve, guided not only the first pair of humans but ever since all mankind to the right path. It is up to the man whether he chooses the right path and becomes among those who are the blessed ones, or choose the way of evil ones and choose the way to the brazen fire f hell:

لَاۤ اِكۡرَاهَ فِى الدِّيۡنِ​ۙ  قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشۡدُ مِنَ الۡغَىِّ​ۚ فَمَنۡ يَّكۡفُرۡ بِالطَّاغُوۡتِ وَيُؤۡمِنۡۢ بِاللّٰهِ فَقَدِ اسۡتَمۡسَكَ بِالۡعُرۡوَةِ الۡوُثۡقٰى لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا​​ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ سَمِيۡعٌ عَلِيۡمٌ‏ 
(2:256) There is no compulsion in religion. The Right Way stands clearly distinguished from the wrong. Hence he who rejects the evil ones and believes in Allah has indeed taken hold of the firm, unbreakable handle. And Allah (Whom he has held for support) is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.

Although, Ar Rashid is not specifically mentioned as one of the attributes of Allah in the Quran, the attribute has been derived from the word Rashd " رشد " as mentioned in the verse above, which in classical Arabic means to be caused to follow the right course.  Thus Ar-Rashīd is the One who unerringly decrees, appoints or ordains the right way. The verse above forcefully proclaims that there is no compulsion for anyone to chose the rightly directed path. One must exercise his free will to decide which path he intends choosing after he has been told the pros and cons of each.

The same word is used in the 10th 10th verse Surah 70. Al Jinn:

وَّاَنَّا لَا نَدۡرِىۡۤ اَشَرٌّ اُرِيۡدَ بِمَنۡ فِى الۡاَرۡضِ اَمۡ اَرَادَ بِهِمۡ رَبُّهُمۡ رَشَدًا ۙ‏ 
(72:10) and that “we do not know whether evil is intended for those on the earth, or whether their Lord intends to direct them to the Right Way”;

The name al-Rashīd,  according to the dictionary Lisān al-'Arab by al-Mukarram, denotes: "The One who is the Director to the right way, and the One whose regulations are conducted to the attainment of their ultimate objects in the right way, without anyone's aiding in directing their course aright."[2]

Rashid is the transliteration of two male given names: Arabic: راشد‎ Rāshid and Arabic: رشيد‎ Rashīd (also spelled Rasheed), both meaning 'rightly guided', 'having the true faith'. It also means 'the high one'. Thus Ar-Rashid Arabic: الرشيد‎ is one of the 99 Names of Allah, meaning The Guide.

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allāh" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran

Photo | References1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |

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