Saturday 25 July 2020

99 Attributes of Allāh: Al Mu'min - The Granter of Security / Faith

Al Mu'min " ٱلْمُؤْمِنُ " - The Granter of Security and Faith is one of the 99 Attributes of Allāh mentioned in the Qur'an in the 23rd verse of Surah 59. Al-Hashr:

هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

"He is Allah, besides Whom there is no god; the King, the Holy, the Giver of peace, the Granter of Security, Guardian over all, the Mighty, the Supreme, the Possessor of every greatness Glory be to Allah from what they set up (with Him)."

Man by nature is very fragile, vulnerable to all kinds of hazards, temptations, diseases, perdition and illusions. The man needs protection and security at all times right from his birth till he lands up in his grave. Allah, Who has created man never leaves his creations alone or leave them subjected to fears, for He has taken upon Himself the security of his servants and ensures they are provided with the True Faith so that they do not fall prey to temptations by the devil and its associates.

The word Al-Mu'min is derived from ā-m-n, which means to secure from fear, and Al Mu'min is one who provides security to others. Allah has been called Al-Mu'min in the sense that He provides security to His creatures. His creatures are secure from the fear that He would ever wrong them, or deprive them of their rights, or allow their rewards to go to waste, or would violate the promises He has made with them. Then, since no object has been mentioned with this subject, but the epithet of Al-Mu'min has been used absolutely, it automatically gives the meaning that His security comprehends the entire universe and all that it contains.
"Imān," linguistically speaking, is an infinitive (to believe) derived from two verbs: tasdeeq, testimony for the truth of something or someone, as in 12:17: "... and you will not believe us though we are truthful" (Qura'n, 12:17), and aman, asylum or a peaceful haven as in 106:4: "... and gave them security against fear" (Qura'n, 106:4).
Some linguists are of the view that the derivation of īmān is from this second verb.
The root ā-m-n root is also the original source of the name Al-Muhaimin (المهيمن) - The Protector, The Bestower of Security.
The word Mu'min or Momin (مؤمن‎; feminine مؤمنة muʾmina) frequently referenced in the Quran, means "believer". It denotes a person who has complete submission to the Will of Allah and has faith firmly established in his heart, i.e. a "faithful Muslim". Also, it is used as a name and one of the names of God in Islam. So while Allah, the Al Mu'min, provides faith to His servants, His servants through Allah's protection attain a firm hold in their belief in the True Faith in Allah.

The Messenger of Allah has said, "Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should bring security to his neighbor against his own misdeeds."

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allāh" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran

Photo | References1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |

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