Sunday 3 March 2019

99 Attributes of Allah: Al Malik - The Sovereign

Continuing with explaining the 99 attributes of Allah Almighty, today we dwell on Allah's attribute: Al Malik, which means the Absolute Ruler, The King, The Sovereign, The True and Ultimate King.

           هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ  
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [Al Qur'an Surah Al Hashr 59:23]
And no doubt that He is the Absolute Sovereign for He alone created the entire Universe and without His command nothing moves or alters its motion. He is the owner and ruler of the entire universe, visible and invisible, and of all creation, from before the beginning and after the end. And thus have We bestowed from on high this divine writ as a discourse in the Arabic tongue, and have given therein many facets to all manner of warnings, so that men might remain conscious of Us, or that it give rise to a new awareness in them. Know, then that God is sublimely exalted, the Ultimate Sovereign, the Ultimate Truth.

Among the attributes of Allah Almighty, the word "al-Malik" has occurred independently, whereas the word "Malik" is always added to something else, such as "Maliki yawmid-Deen," Master of the Day of Judgment; therefore, the first Attribute has to be more revered. 

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

In the first surah, Surah Al Fatiha, Allah proclaims: "Master of the Day of Judgment" (Quran, 1:4), which is one of the first verses of the Holy Quran. All that exists in this Universe belongs to none but Allah. Perhaps in times of revelation of Qur'an and times before, people could not imagine the vastness of the inverse. It is now with the Hubble Telescope in the space that scientists and spacemen have started to explore the universe, but this seems a tip of the iceberg as the universe that Allah has crated has no bounds and Allah alone is the master of what all that exists.

And Allah not only is the Sovereign of the Universe, He alone is the Master of the Day of Judgment. Allah has kept a Day of Judgment when all those who tested the limits of tolerance and violated His commandments will be punished, while those who asked for mercy and begged forgiveness will be rewarded abundantly.

فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ ۖ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْكَرِيمِ

So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, [O Muhammad], do not hasten with [recitation of] the Qur'an before its revelation is completed to you, and say, "My Lord, increase me in knowledge." [Al Qur'an Surah Taha 20:114]

قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتَنْزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ ۖ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ  

Allah has also proclaimed that He is the "Malikul-Mulk," the Owner of everything, of the whole domain:
Say, "O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent. [Surah Ali 'Imran 3:26]
Thus the attribute of Allah, Al-Malik (The King) has three aspects to it:
  • Firstly, that Allah has the attributes by which He deserves to be “Al-Malik” (The King). Al-Malik has great power and might, complete strength, vast knowledge, dominance, vast wisdom, absolute authority, perfection of mercy and universal ruling over the whole creation. Can you imagine how vast the knowledge, wisdom and power necessary to control this creation and this entire universe must be? This is Al-Malik.
قال الله تعالى: {و لله ملك السماوات و الأرض و الله على كل شىء قدير} آل عمران 189
And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over all things.
  • Secondly, the whole of the creation is owned by Allah: They are His slaves and are in dire need of His provision in all their affairs. No one can escape or exit from under His Dominion, and no creature can do without His creating, providing, aiding and protecting.
  • Thirdly, ِAllah has full authority over all affairs. No one can reject His decree and no one can overrule His judgment. To Allah alone belongs the judgment in His Dominion and He legislates whatever He wills. (3)
Please continue to follow our series of posts on the 99 Attributes of Allah. You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allah" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 3  | 4 | 5 | 6 |
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