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Saturday, February 22, 2020

99 Attributes of Allah: Al Walliyy - The Protecting Friend


Al Walliyy or Al-Walī " ٱلْوَلِيُّ " - is Allah who is The Protecting Friend and The Loving Defender of all believers:

اللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُم مِّنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ ۝

"Allah is the Guardian of those who believe, He brings them out of every darkness into light.And those who disbelieve, their guardians are the evil ones; they bring them out of light into all kinds of darkness. These are destined for the Fire, and there shall they abide." (Surah 2 Al Baqarah: 257)

اِنَّ وَلىِّۦَ اللّٰهُ الَّذِىۡ نَزَّلَ الۡـكِتٰبَ ​ۖ  وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّى الصّٰلِحِيۡنَ‏ 

(Surah 7 Al-A'raf: 196) My guardian is Allah Who has revealed the Book, and it is He Who protects the righteous.

This is in response to the threats held out by the polytheists to the Prophet (peace he on him). They used to tell the Prophet (peace be on him) that if he did not give up opposing their deities and denouncing them, he would be overwhelmed by the wrath of those deities and court utter disaster.
وَاللّٰهُ اَعۡلَمُ بِاَعۡدَآئِكُمۡ​ؕ وَكَفٰى بِاللّٰهِ وَلِيًّا وَّكَفٰى بِاللّٰهِ نَصِيۡرًا‏ 

In the 45th verse of Surah 4 an Nisa quoted above, it is said: Allah knows your enemies better and Allah suffices as a protector and Allah suffices as a helper.

This verse clearly explains the meaning of this attribute of Allah. Which is Al-Waliyy connotes closeness, nearness, one who may be an ally and a guardian. It also means the supporter, the beloved one.


اَلَاۤ اِنَّ اَوۡلِيَآءَ اللّٰهِ لَا خَوۡفٌ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يَحۡزَنُوۡنَ ۖ ۚ‏ 

Allah is the Guardian of His servants. A good servant of Allah is also a friend of His. The Exalted One has said, "Surely the friends of Allah shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve" (Quran, 10:62). The word "waliyy" simultaneously conveys the meanings of a master and a slave, a supporter, a neighbor, a cousin, an ally, a guardian.

The root word of this Attribute is derived from nearness, and this meaning is met in the case of a slave, a supporter, a cousin, an ally, or a guardian. In all these cases, there are situations which necessitate nearness required for proximity and communication. If this is proven, His being al-Waliyy of His servants is indicative of His being near to them. The Almighty has said, "... and He is with you wherever you are" (Quran, 57:4). He has also said,


... and We are nearer to him than his life-vein. (50:16) Nowhere is there a secret counsel between three persons except that He is their fourth. (58:7)

It is generally believed that whoever repeats this Attribute, realizing its great meanings, must be a friend of Allah. Any friend of Allah is also a friend of people, Allah's servants. He looks after them, managing their affairs, and so on. Allah says, "Believing men and women are guardians of one another" (Quran, 9:71). Whoever aspires to be close to the Almighty will find Him willing to be his friend too, and whoever turns away from Allah, Allah will turn away from him, and Satan will welcome him with open arms. 

May Allah helps us strengthen our faith by knowing His 99 attributes and transform our lives based on the qualities of these attributes. Aameen

Please listen to enlightening commentary on this attribute of Allah by Muhammad Tim Humble:
You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allāh" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran

Photo | References1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |

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