Thursday 7 February 2019

99 Attributes of Allah: Al Ghani (The Rich), Al Mughni (The Enricher)

Continuing with our posts on the 99 attributes of Allah, the Almighty, this is our fifth post on the subject. Today we shall explain the meaning and details of two attributes of Allah: Al Ghani and Al Mughni.

Al Ghani  الغني (The Rich)
Al Ghani that means The Rich or the Self-sufficient. We all know that all that is within the bounds of this universe and the seven skies above and the heavens are the possession of none but the one and only omnipotent Creator of our - Allah the Almighty. He is rich to the extent that one cannot even imagine,thus He is free from any dependencies and thus is self sufficient. He is free from any needs nor needs anything, rather He is the one who transcends all needs.

In fact it is all others but He who are dependent on His richness and wealth. It is we who pray to be given a part of riches, which He bestows without fear of running dry of His wealth for His wealth cannot never run dry no matter how much he doles out to us.

Al Mughni المغني (The Enricher)
Allah is the Bestower of Wealth. The attribute Al Mughni is driven from Al Ghani: That is Allah is immensely Rich and thus He alone is the Bestower of His riches to us. It is we who always look up to Him to bestow us wealth so that we can fulfill our wordily desires and wants.
In Surah Al An'am [6:133] the verse begins with: وَرَبُّكَ الْغَنِيُّ meaning by "And your Lord is the Free of need (Self Sufficient)." That means He is so rich that not only He is free of any needs but is in a position to rain his wealth without even counting. In fact Allah is dependent neither upon the show of veneration nor upon the offerings of His creations. He lavishes His limitless treasures on human beings and seeks nothing in return.

In Surah Muhammad [47: verse 38] Allah tells us:
وَاللّٰهُ الۡغَنِىُّ وَاَنۡـتُمُ الۡفُقَرَآءُ 
"For Allah is All-Sufficient, whereas it is you who are in need of Him"

He is Ghani, the self Sufficient, the Rich, the One who is independent of any needs. In fact it is you, O'people who are poor and in need of Him !!

The bestowing of His riches to us can be both monetary and spiritually beside health after sickness. He enriches His creation with so much of bounties like rain, sun, wealth, health, mental satisfaction and contentment. He also showers his bounties in the form of spiritual wealth when we need solace and recovery from grief.

Both Al Ghani and Mughni stem from the root gh-n-y which has the following classical Arabic connotations:
  • to be free from wants or needs
  • to be self-sufficient, independent
  • to be able to do without help from others
  • to be content, satisfied
  • to be rich, wealthy, flourishing
Summing up these two attributes of Allah, it should be understood that anyone who is wealthy and rich around us, is still in need of some wants or more wealth, be it monetary or bodily health or even spiritual need and no one but Allah alone is self sufficient in wealth that He does not need anyone else to make him more richer for He is self sufficient for He does not have any needs. It is He alone that in turn gives us wealth of any kind that we may want from Him.

These attributes of Allah also want from us that whatever wealth has been given to us, we must share it with those who are in need of it. In fact we must set aside a share for the poor even it is as small as one date or a glass of water, or if a man's state is so that he cannot afford giving anything, he must at least pray for those in need. 

And those despite having riches unlimited but still deny helping those in need are in reality denying the command of Allah to aid the poor and are denying the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) who always stressed to help the poor and lived a life practically demonstrating this. May Allah help us to understand true meaning of His attributes and act upon these in true letter and spirit. 

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allah" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation. 

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 |
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