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Wednesday, September 4, 2019

99 Attributes of Allah: Al Alim - The Omniscient, The All Knowing


Al-'Alīm "  ٱلْعَلِيمُ " is one of the dominating attribute of Allah. Al-'Alīm draws upon the unteachable ability of Allah to know everything, for He is The Omniscient, The All Knowing. Nothing happens in the entire universe without His knowledge. Or should we say nothing moves or takes place in the universe unless He makes it to happen, for He is the One who is intuitively aware of all things, even before they happen.  

Allah’s name Al-'Alīm (the All-Knowing) is an emphatic form of the word `alim (knower) and is derived from the root 'a-l-m which means someone who has knowledge, the firmly rooted knowledge of the minutest of particulars.

This attribute has been abundantly used in the Qur'an to forewarn the disbelievers and the hypocrites that Allah is well aware of whatever is in their hearts, for He is the Knower of the unseen:
And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is on the land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is there within the darkness of the earth and no moist or dry [thing] but that it is [written] in a clear record. (Surah Al-An ‘am 6: 59)
In the light of the above quoted verse, we should have no an iota of doubt that whatever that  takes place by His decree, and His decree accords with His wisdom:
"No kind of calamity can occur except by the leave of Allah: and whoever believes in Allah, then Allah guides their hearts aright, for Allah knows all things." (Surah At-Taghabun 64: 11)
The Holy Quran contains the following verses which demonstrate the various meanings and types of knowledge:
  • He knows that there is weakness in you. (8:66) 
  • He knows that there will be sick ones among you. (73:20) 
  • and surely we know that your breast straitens at what they say. (15:97) 
  • Allah knows what every female bears. (13:8)
In the following verse, two attributes of Allah, Al Alim and Al Khabir - both of which mean almost the same attribute of Allah,  have come together:
“Verily Allah [alone] has the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow and no soul knows in what land it will die. Indeed Allah is ‘Alim (All-Knowing), Khabir (All-Aware)” (Surah Luqman 31:34)
So it is Al Alim Who knows everything that can occur, and others that can never occur. He knows the affairs of all of the creation, in the past, present and future, and nothing is hidden from Him. No matter what we hide, it is known to Allah. We therefore should be truthful to ourselves, to others and to Allah to be successful and rewarded, for those who trust Allah and truly believe in Him are the ones who will be rewarded.

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allah" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

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