Wednesday 18 July 2018

Surah An Nas - The Mankind: Summary of 114th Chapter of The Holy Quran

Sūrah An-Nās  is the 114th and the last surah of the Holy Quran.  This surah was revealed in Makkah when a witch had put a spell on him, causing him difficulties. Thus this surah was revealed to be recited to remove evil spell on the Prophet. 

In the first surah of the Holy Qur'an, Sūrah al-Fātiḥah,  man seeks protection of Allah and begs of Him to guide him to  the righteous path and protect him from the paths of those upon whom wrath of Allah fell or those who go astray. Now in the last surah of the Qur'an, man seeks Allah's protection from the evil whispers from within. Thus from start till end, man is at the mercy of Allah and those who have firm faith in Allah ask His protection to remain on the righteous path.

It may also be noted that Sūrah Al Falak (Chapter 113) and Sūrah An-Nās both seek refuge of All from the evil. However while the former seeks from the evil that prevails all around us, the latter concentrates on the evil that resides inside the man. Read both surahs in together as both are intended to ward off evil and evil effects.

Here is the English translation of the Sūrah An-Nās:
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind.The Sovereign of mankind.The God of mankind.From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.Who whispers in the breasts of mankind.Of Jinn and mankind.
In this the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is asked to seek refuge and protection from the Lord of the mankind and shielding against the evil, the Satan or devil or the shiahteen.

As regards the whispering of the evil into the breasts of the mankind, both jinn and humans, Al-Hafidh Abu Ya'la Musily quoted a Hadith which reported the Prophet as saying:
"Satan puts his hand on the heart of man. If he celebrates the remembrance of Allah, Satan removes his hand and if he forgets Allah, Satan overcomes his heart fully. This is the 'evil of the whisperer.' "
The philosophy behind revelation of Sūrah An-Nās is best understood in the present era when the means to go astray and follow the evil are much more than ever before. The nudity and the pornography has very enchanting ways to attract man from the divine path. But those who really believe and know how to differentiate between right or wrong, good or evil seek Allah's protection from falling into the shackles of Satan. 

Even Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) warned believers to beware of Satan as it resides inside everyone. The Companions asked, "Is there a devil even with you?" The Prophet said, "Yes, but Allah has granted me protection against him."

Talking of the healing powers hidden in this surah, Paola Garcia, a writer and translator from Chihuahua, Mexico, in her post on "How the Quran Helped Me Defeat Codependency" writes:
Sūrah An-Nāsh encapsulates the central tenet of Islam: there is no God but God. What does this mean in practical terms? It means that no thing, no person, no job, no financial situation, no government, nothing in this world has power over us, only God does. This principle is tremendously empowering and the key to inner strength and peace. We submit to God only and by doing so, we are free, we are never slaves to other human beings or to false gods, such as money or fame. 
If we are unconscious, if we are heedless, if we do not mindfully and purposely direct our thoughts by praying for God’s help and engaging in continuous personal and spiritual development,, then evil whispering (lowly, pessimistic, evil ideas) can enter our hearts through the company we keep, media, books and music we consume. If these have inferior motivations and lower energy, they will influence us and the negativity will seep into our hearts, and with the passage of time, our lives will reflect this. We will find ourselves in a low station in life because of this. If we do not engage in spiritual growth, the external ‘evil’ influences will overpower us. We will come to believe these ideas and false principles and act accordingly. Then we will wonder why we are not at peace. Thus we need God’s protection to avoid this. We need to remember who God is to us: God is Most Powerful, Most Merciful; God is always with us and guides us; we are highly valuable in God’s eyes; God wants us to succeed. Through prayer, we communicate with Him and He gives us what we ask for.
This surah is a protection surah that I love very much. It is seven verses long and each of them is enormously powerful if we reflect upon its meaning deeply and regularly, personally connecting it to our lives. I use this surah to ask God to safeguard me from codependency and help me avoid putting human beings on a pedestal
When Eating Disorder thoughts hit your mind, when you are having problems with your heart, conscious, or beliefs, recite this Surah to chase the Demon away and clear your mind. Remember, that no harm can come to you without the permission of Allah and He is the best of protectors.
May Allah protect us from the evil whispering of the Satan and make our faith ever stronger to fight the evil strategies. Aameen.

Now you may like to listen to the beautiful recitation of Sūrah An-Nās:

Calligraphy by Shahid Rana | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 |
An effort has been made to gather explanation of the surahs of the Holy Qur'an from authentic souses and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. However, those wanting detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to sites the references of which are given above.

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