Sunday 24 March 2019

Surah Al Hujurat: Overview of 49th Chapter of the Holy Quran

Surah Al Hujurat is the forty ninth surah with 18 ayahs with two rukus, part of the 26th Juzʼ  of the Holy Qur'an. The surah takes its name from the fourth verse:

اِنَّ الَّذِيۡنَ يُنَادُوۡنَكَ مِنۡ وَّرَآءِ الۡحُجُرٰتِ اَكۡثَرُهُمۡ لَا يَعۡقِلُوۡنَ
The verse means: Surely most of those who call out to you, (O Prophet), from behind the apartments, are devoid of understanding.

This surah which was revealed in Medina most probably in the 9 AH and most of these commandments were sent down during the final stage of the Holy Prophet's life at Madinah, when the Islamic state under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)had extended to most of Arabia and delegations from all over were coming to show allegiance to the Islamic state.  

The surah is all about etiquettes and morality. It explains how one should behave while in the company of elders, and specially when the elder happens to be non other than the revered prophet and messenger of Allah. 

The surah also advises the Muslims against defamation, suspicion, and backbiting. And if there is a rift or some misunderstanding between two Muslims or two groups of Muslims, one must make an endeavour for peace and reconciliation between the two for the sake of peaceful harmony and coexistence and ensure a strong bondage and unity among Muslims. The chapter also declares a universal brotherhood among Muslims. 

While we will present the exegesis of the surah verse by verse in our next post, here we are presenting an overview of the Surah Al Hujurat, so eloquently explained by the renowned Muslim scholar Nouman Ali Khan:

You may refer to our post "114 Chapters (Sūrahs) of the Holy Qur'an" for translation, meaning and summary / exegesis of other chapters (Though not complete but building up from 30th Part backwards for chapters in 30th Part are shorter and easier to understand). 

Photo | References: | 1 | 2
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