Sunday 23 September 2018

Surah At Takwir: The Overthrowing (Summary of 81st Chapter of the Holy Quran)

The Day of Judgement is a reality - a reality that would unfold leaving no time for anyone to seek repentance of one's sins for that day it would be all over. And every human and jinn that was ever born would be presented before Allah, the mighty creator of the entire universe, and be handed over one's dossier which would lead one to blazing fire of hell or the pleasing cool breeze of paradise.

Allah has warned men and jinns at numerous places about the end day, but as per a hadith (saying of the Prophet of Allah(peace be upon him)), "Whoever wishes to look at the Day of Judgement as if he is seeing it with his own eyes, then let him read (When the sun is turned into a sphere.) (this 81st Chapter:1) and; (When the heaven is cleft asunder.) (Surah al-Infitar Chapter 82:1) and; (When the heaven is split asunder.) (Surah al-Inshiqaq Chapter 84:1))."

Sūrat at-Takwīr has two themes: the Hereafter and the institution of Prophet hood.[1]
  • In the first six verses the first stage of the Resurrection has been mentioned. 
  • Then in the next seven verses the second stage has been described - the time of weighing up one's weights and decision would be made for Heaven And Hell.
  • From verses 19 onward, the theme of Prophet hood has been taken up and the people of Makkah have been exclusively addressed and asked as to why they objected to the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) sent to them and shrug him away.
Now let us read the surah verse by verse:
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ 

"In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"
1. When the sun "Kuwwirat" (wound round and lost its light and is overthrown).
Takwir means to fold up; hence takwir al-`amamah for folding up the turban on the head. Here, the light which radiates from the sun and spreads throughout the solar system has been likened to the turban and it has been said that on the Resurrection Day the turban will be folded up about the sun and its radiation will fade. 
2. And when the stars shall fall;
3. And when the mountains shall made to pass away;
In Surah Al-Qari'ah, verse Allah warns: And the mountains will be like carded wool."  And here again it reiterates that the mountains shall be made to pass away, losing their grip from the earth and disintegrate like carded wool.
4. And when the pregnant she-camels shall be neglected;
Camels have always been very scared for the men of desert of Arabia. And whenever the she camel is about to delivers a baby calf, it is given the utmost protection and care for every camel head means a lot to the men of desert. In view of its importance to the men, here a reference is made that when the doomsday arrives, every person will be worried about himself and even the most cared she-camel will be left unattended. 
5. And when the wild beasts shall be gathered together;
6. And when the seas shall become as blazing Fire or shall overflow;
On the End Day, fire would blaze up in the oceans. But if the truth about water is kept in view, nothing would seem strange. It is a miracle of God that He combined oxygen and hydrogen, one of which helps kindle the fire and the other gets kindled of itself and by the combination of both He created a substance like water which is used to put out fire. A simple manifestation of Allah's power is enough to change this composition of water so that the two gases are separated and begin to burn and help cause a blaze, which is their basic characteristic.[1]
7. And when the souls shall be joined with their bodies;
8. And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) shall be questioned.
9. For what sin she was killed?
Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs would bury the newly born baby girls for they thought the killing of girls to protect them from being captured alive by the hostile tribes and taken as slaves.  Besides girls were of no 'use' to them in tilling fields, shepherding or helping their fathers in the daily chores as boy could. Upon institution of Islamic  way of life, this gory tradition was abolished once for all.
10. And when the written pages of deeds (good and bad) of every person shall be laid open;
11. And when the heaven shall be stripped off and taken away from its place;
12. And when Hell-fire shall be kindled to fierce ablaze.
13. And when Paradise shall be brought near, 
14. (Then) every person will know what he has brought (of good and evil).
15. So verily, I swear by the planets that recede (i.e. disappear during the day and appear during the night).
16. And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves,
17. And by the night as it departs;
18. And by the dawn as it brightens;
From verses 19 onward, the theme of Prophet hood has been taken up. In this the people of Makkah have been addressed, as if to say "Whatever Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings) is presenting before you, is not the bragging of a madman, nor an evil suggestion inspired by Satan, but the word of a noble, exalted and trustworthy messenger sent by God, whom Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings) has seen with his own eyes in the bright horizon of the clear sky in broad day light. Whither then are you going having turned away from this teaching?"
19. Verily, this is the Word (this Qur'an brought by) a most honourable messenger [Jibrael (Gabriel), from Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)].
20. Owner of power, and high rank with (Allah) the Lord of the Throne,
21. Obeyed (by the angels), trustworthy there (in the heavens).
22. And (O people) your companion (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) is not a madman;
23. And indeed he (Muhammad (peace be upon him) saw him [Jibrael (Gabriel)] in the clear horizon (towards the east).
24. And he (Muhammad (peace be upon him) withholds not a knowledge of the unseen.
That is, "The Holy Messenger of Allah does not conceal anything from you. Whatever of the unseen realities are trade known to him by Allah, whether they relate to the essence and attributes of Allah, the angels, life after death and Resurrection, or to the Hereafter, Heaven and Hell, he conveys everything to you without change. 
25. And it (the Qur'an) is not the word of the outcast Shaitan (Satan).
26. Then where are you going?
27. Verily, this (the Qur'an) is no less than a Reminder to (all) the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns).
28. To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight,
29. And you will not, unless (it be) that Allah wills, the Lord of the 'Aale meen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
Sūrat at-Takwīr, thus, is once again a warning to the nonbelievers and disbelievers that this world is set to come to an end and everliving being, whether humans or jinns, will be produced before their Creator and dealt according to their wordily deeds and sent to heaven or hell as the case may be. And that those who mock the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) and shrug off the words of Allah he had brought to them, will be losers at the end - a day when there would be no time left for repentance.

You may refer to our post "114 Chapters (Sūrahs) of the Holy Qur'an" for translation, meaning and summary of other chapters (Though not complete but building up from 30th Part backwards for chapters in 30th Part are shorter and easier to understand)

You may now like to listen to Arabic recitation of Sūrat at-Takwīr with English subtitles:

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 |
An effort has been made to gather explanation of the surahs of the Holy Qur'an from authentic souses and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. However, those wanting detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to sites the references of which are given above.

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Thanks for sharing Ultimate Decision blog. Translation n further explanation is simple n easy to understand. May Almighty Allah guide us n give us toufeeq to follow Qurran n sunnah in true spirit. JazakAllah

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