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Tuesday, September 11, 2018

Surah Al-Infitar - The Cleaving (Summary of 82nd Chapter of Holy Quran)


Sūrat al-Infiṭār and Sūrat al-Inshiqāq, the 84th Chapter / surah of 30th Part of the Holy Qur'an begin with almost same Divine pledges for both Infiṭār and Inshiqāq mean the same and point towards the End Day, the Dooms Day and the Day of Resurrection. And even thereafter, their subject matter also resembles, the day when righteous will be rewarded with paradise and those resistive to divine commandments will be punished in hell.

Before we explain the Surah Al- Inshiqāq, let us see the comparison of the opening verses of both the above said surahs:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ 
"In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"
Sūrat al-Infiṭār
1.When the Sky is cleft asunder;2.When the Stars are scattered;3.When the Oceans are suffered to burst forth;4.And when the Graves are turned upside down;
Sūrat al-Inshiqāq
1. When the heaven is split asunder,2. And listens and obeys its Lord, and it must do so;3. And when the earth is stretched forth,4. And has cast out all that was in it and became empty,
The opening verses of both the surahs mentioned above forewarn the man of an impending disaster, far bigger in magnitude that they may ever witnessed, seen or even heard of from their ancestors before. It will be a day of great chaos when everything would be falling apart and man would wonder what has this universe come to. On that day the earth would throw out what all it had contained in its bosom from time immemorial and the dead would wonder who had woken them up from their sound slumber. On that day, would men of knowledge and wisdom would understand that the day that Allah had been promising to come one day had finally arrived and that the time for repentance has gone and the books of deeds have been sealed.

Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi in his book "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" has summed it up very precisely and comprehensively. First read the translation of the reaming verses 5-19, followed by commentary by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi:
5.(Then) shall each soul know what it hath sent forward and (what it hath) kept back.6.O man! What has seduced thee from thy Lord Most Beneficent?7.Him Who created thee. Fashioned thee in due proportion, and gave thee a just bias;8.In whatever Form He wills, does He put thee together.9.Nay! but ye do reject Right and Judgment!10.But verily over you (are appointed angels) to protect you,11.Kind and honorable,- Writing down (your deeds):12.They know (and understand) all that ye do.13.As for the Righteous, they will be in bliss;14.And the Wicked - they will be in the Fire,15.Which they will enter on the Day of Judgment,16.And they will not be able to keep away therefrom.17.And what will explain to thee what the Day of Judgment is?18.Again, what will explain to thee what the Day of Judgment is?19.(It will be) the Day when no soul shall have power (to do) aught for another: For the command, that Day, will be (wholly) with Allah.
In this Surah, Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi comments [1]
First the Resurrection Day has been described and it is said that when it occurs, every person will see whatever he has done in the world.
After this, man has been asked to ponder the question: "O man, what has deluded you into thinking that the God, Who brought you into being and by Whose favor and bounty you possess the finest body, limbs and features among all creatures, is only bountiful and not just? His being bountiful and generous does not mean that you should become fearless of His justice."
Then, man has been warned, so as to say: "Do not remain involved in any misunderstanding. Your complete record is being prepared. There are trustworthy writers who are writing down whatever you do."
In conclusion, it has been forcefully stated that the Day of Resurrection will surely take place when the righteous shall enjoy every kind of bliss in Paradise and the wicked shall be punished in Hell. On that day no one shall avail anyone anything. All powers of judgment shall be with Allah. 
So men and women beware of the day which is closing in and repent for your bad deeds before time for asking forgiveness and repentance runs out.

You may now like to listen to Arabic recitation of Sūrat al-Inshiqāq with English subtitles:

You may refer to our post "114 Chapters (Sūrahs) of the Holy Qur'an" for translation, meaning and summary of other chapters (Though not complete but building up from 30th Part backwards for chapters in 30th Part are shorter and easier to understand)

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