Tuesday 23 March 2021

Do they not reflect on the Qur'an? Or are there locks on their hearts?

Qur'ān is the final Divine Scripture revealed unto Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for the ultimate guidance of the mankind till he Day of Resurrection. Its text is made simple so that it is easily understood. It is full of wisdom and guidelines for man to lead a righteous life so that he is successful in the end and is one of those lucky ones who will be given their conduct sheet in their right hands, a passage decree for entering the Paradise.

But despite these elaborate guidelines, many a men close their hearts to read and discover the essence of the Divine Commandments. It is for those unlucky people the following 24th verse of Surah 47. Muhammad was revealed so that they could still open their hearts and absorb the light of truth so that they could be guided:

اَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُوۡنَ الۡقُرۡاٰنَ اَمۡ عَلٰى قُلُوۡبٍ اَ قۡفَالُهَا‏  
(47:24) Do they, then, not reflect on the Qur'an? Or are there locks on their hearts?

That is, either these people do not ponder over the Qur'ān at all, or if they try to ponder over it, its teachings and meaning do not enter into their hearts, because they have put locks on them. As for this; “are there locks upon their hearts” means: There are such locks for them as are specially meant for the hearts which are not susceptible to the truth.

Tafsir Ibn-Kathir:  
This is the  Command to reflect upon the Qur'an - Commanding the people to reflect and ponder upon the Qur'ān, and prohibiting them from turning away from it,  Allah says,
(Will they not then reflect upon the Qur'ān, or are there locks upon their hearts) 
Which means, there indeed are locks upon some hearts, firmly closing them so that none of its meanings can reach them. Ibn Jarir recorded from Hisham bin `Urwah, from his father, may Allah be pleased with him, that Allah's Messenger once recited this Ayah, and a young man from Yemen said, "Indeed, there are locks upon them -- until Allah opens them totally or slightly.'' After that `Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, always liked that young man, and kept that to himself until he became in charge, upon which he utilized him (as a consultant).
In other words, Qur’an is not solely for recitation but is the Book of thought and meditation. Therefore, the recitation is supposed to be the prelude of thought and meditation. Everyone is supposed to think about the Qur'ān and thinking is not limited to a specific group of people. The Verse raises an objection regarding those who do not think about the Qur’an to benefit from its secrets.
Those who merely recite the Qur'ān but do not pay attention to its contents, they learn nothing of the warnings and promises mentioned in the Qur'ān? Their unfortunate state lies either in their carelessness toward the Perfect Divine Guidance or in their lack of perception owing to the insensitivity of their hearts and following their vain desires and their vicious acts committed earlier. One who loses his way in darkness is either blind or does not carry a light. Such hypocrites who are sick at heart failed to think about the Qur'ān.
May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
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Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that:
  • The plain translation has been taken from the Qur'ān officially published by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [1]
  • The exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi. [2]  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided by [2], additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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اللہ ہمیں دین کہ راہ پر چلنے قران کو سمجھنے اور اس پر عمل کرنے کی دلی توفیق عطاء فرمائے آمین

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