Monday, April 20, 2020

Reference Page: As Salat - Prayers

After entering the religion of Islam, it is obligatory on ever adult Muslim man and woman every to offer five prayers a day to glorify the dignity of Allah. Prayer or as Salat is the second most important pillar of Islam after Shahada (testimony of faith). 

At a number of places in the Qur'an, Allah has commanded believers to offer prayers for it prayers directly connect a believer to Allah:

اِنَّنِىۡۤ اَنَا اللّٰهُ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّاۤ اَنَا فَاعۡبُدۡنِىۡ ۙ وَاَقِمِ الصَّلٰوةَ لِذِكۡرِىۡ‏ 
"Verily I am Allah. There is no god beside Me. So, serve Me and establish Prayers to remember Me." (Surah 20 Ta Ha :14) 
This is the real object of Salat. It has been prescribed to remind people that they should not become neglectful of Allah by worldly diversions and that they should remember that man is not an unbridled free being but a servant of Allah. Salat has been prescribed five times a day to remind man of Allah’s presence.
The five prayers are offered before dawn, noon, midafternoon, just after sunset and then at night.

Once a man asked the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) about the most virtuous deed. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated that the most virtuous deed is prayer. The man asked again and again. The first three times, the Prophet (peace be upon him) again answered, "The prayer," then on the fourth occasion he stated, "Jihad in the way of Allah." [This is from a hadith recorded by Ahmad and ibn Hibban. According to al-Albani, the hadith is Hasan. Muhammad Nasir al-Din al-Albani, Sahih al-Targheeb wa al-Tarheeb (Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1982), vol. 1, p. 150]

The importance of offering prayers can be gauged from one of the saying of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him):
"The first matter that the slave will be brought to account for on the Day of Judgment is the prayer. If it is sound, then the rest of his deeds will be sound. And if it is bad, then the rest of his deeds will be bad." [Recorded by al-Tabarani. According to al-Albani, it is sahih. Al-Albani, Sahih al-Jami, vol.1, p. 503.
In view of the importance of prayers in Islam, we have initiated a number of posts regarding prayers / As Salat to guide those who have recently come under the fold of Islam and this reference page gives out reference to all such posts so that anyone having any questions regarding prayers and its method of offering could be guided.

Herein under are the posts related to As Salat / Prayers in general, followed by posts specific to Ṣalāt al-Jumuʿah (The Friday Congregational Prayer):

General Information / Q&A
Salat ut Tahajjud
Ṣalāt al-Jumuʿah (The Friday Congregational Prayer)
You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran:
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