Sunday 20 March 2022

Prayer of Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob, AS)

The patience and unflinching faith and trust in Allah of Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob, may peace be upon him) [Yaqub ibn Ishaaq ibn Ibrahim (Arabic: يَعْقُوب ابْنُ إِسْحَٰق ابْنُ إِبْرَاهِيم, literally: "Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham"] is unparallel in the history of prophets. He lived all his life in grief on the loss of his beloved son Prophet Yusuf (Josef, may peace be upon him) till his eyes became blind by continuous crying. Yet he never lost his faith in Allah and was confident of Allah's mercy and knew one day he would be united with him.

His sons, who had in fact thrown their half brother Yusuf in a well and came telling their father that he has been eaten away by a wolf, would often tell him: "By Allah! You will continue to remember Joseph until you will either consume yourself with grief, or will die."

To this the ever patient and faithful father replied ( as it appears in 86th verse of Surah 12. Yusuf):

قَالَ اِنَّمَاۤ اَشۡكُوۡا بَثِّـىۡ وَحُزۡنِىۡۤ اِلَى اللّٰهِ وَاَعۡلَمُ مِنَ اللّٰهِ مَا لَا تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ‏ 
(12:86) He said: "I will address my sorrow and grief only to Allah, and I know from Allah what you do not know.
This only is befitting for a true believer. He expresses his sorrow and grief before God alone because all his hopes are pinned on Him and he knows that these pleadings will finally stir the mercy of God.

Muhammad Asad Explanation:
Namely, that "judgment as to what is to happen rests with none but God", and that "all who have trust [in His existence] must place their trust in Him alone" (verse {67}): the twin ideas which underlie the whole of this surah, and which Jacob now seeks to impress upon his sons. In addition to this, his remembrance of Joseph's prophetic dream (verse {4}) and his own conviction at the time that his beloved son would be elected by God for His special grace (verse {6}), fills Jacob with renewed hope that Joseph is still alive (Razi and Ibn Kathir): and this explains the directives which he gives his sons in the next sentence.

Yusuf Ali  Explanation: 
Jacob's plaint to Allah is about himself, not about Allah's doings. He bewails the distraction of his mind and his occasional breaking out of those bounds of patience which he had set for himself.

He knew of Allah's merciful and beneficent dealings with man in a way his shallow sons did not. And his perfect faith in Allah also told him that all would be well. He never gave up hope for Joseph, as his directions in the next verse show. They may be supposed to have been spoken after a little silence of grief and thought. That silence I have indicated in punctuation by three dots.

Qur'an Wiki:
This is indeed a cruel thing to say (the assertion of his sons to forget Yusuf). They are reproaching him for remembering Joseph and feeling sadness at his loss. They tell him that if he continues in such a state, his sorrow will soon deprive him of all his strength or he will die in despair. Joseph is certain not to return.
Their father tells them to leave him alone, because he is only pinning his hopes in his  Lord.  He  makes  no  complaint  to  anyone.  His  relationship  with  his  Lord  is different from theirs, and he knows of Him what they do not know: “It is only to God that I complain and express my grief. For I know of God what you do not know.” (Verse 86) These words describe in a most vivid way the true feelings of a firm believer concerning the truth of the Godhead. That truth itself is also brought up here in sharp relief.

Listen to short explanation of this verse from eminent Muslim scholar and exegesis Nauman Ali Khan:
May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. May Allah help us follow the footsteps of His beloved prophets and help us instill in us that highest degree of faith and patience when we are being tested and are passing through hard times. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Invocations / Dua " دُعا " from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
Photo | Reference: | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | Read detailed background in Part IV of exegesis of Surah Yusuf.
Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  

In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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