Sunday 11 April 2021

Surely my Prayer, all my acts of worship, and my living and my dying are for Allah

Entering into the fold of Islam means total surrender to the Almighty Allah for a believer should have firm faith that there is only True God and that there are no associates to assist Him in the running of the universe. When he knows that he belongs entirely to God, it is only then surrenders to God's decree, and accepts what comes to him from One True God. He then does not turn away from embracing God's commands.

The following 162nd verse from Surah 6. Al An'am points towards unflinching trust in Allah for He alone is the Lord of the entire universe:

قُلۡ اِنَّ صَلَاتِىۡ وَنُسُكِىۡ وَ مَحۡيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِىۡ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِيۡنَۙ‏  
(6:162) Say: 'Surely my Prayer, all my acts of worship,  and my living and my dying are for Allah alone, the Lord of the whole universe.
The Arabic word nusuk ("rites of worship") may mean animal sacrifice as well as all other forms of prayer and worship.

Tafsir Ibn-Kathir:  The Command for Sincerity in Worship - Allah commands the Prophet to inform the idolators who worship other than Allah and sacrifice to something other than Him, that he opposes them in all this, for his prayer is for Allah, and his rituals are in His Name alone, without partners. 

Allah said in a similar statement, (فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ  Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice.) [108:2], meaning, make your prayer and sacrifice for Allah alone. As for the idolaters, they used to worship the idols and sacrifice to them, so Allah commanded the Prophet to defy them and contradict their practices. Allah, the Exalted, commanded him to dedicate his intention and heart to being sincere for Him alone. 

Verse by Verse Quran Study Circle:
Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala commands the Prophet to inform the idolators that he opposes them in all that they do. The word nusuk [نُسُك] used in the Ayah means ‘sacrifice’. Everything that one does in Hajj is also called nusuk. The rite of Hajj are known as manasik and the plural is nusuk. This word is also used for `Ibadah or worship of Allah in the absolute sense.

In the Ayah, the Prophet is being told to convey that his rituals are for Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala alone, and he doesn’t associate a partner for Him in worship.

Abbas - Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs:
(Say) O Muhammad: (Lo! my worship) the five daily prayers (and, my sacrifice) my religion, proof, sacrifice and worship (and my living and my dying are for Allah) in this world are for the sake of Allah's obedience and pleasure, (Lord of the Worlds) the Master of the jinn and human beings.

Tafsir Kashani:
Say: 'My prayer, that is, my presence of heart and witnessing in spirit, and my rituals, that is, my drawing near or all that by which I seek to draw closer through the heart, and my living, in the Truth, and my dying, to my soul, all, are for God, no portion being in it for me or for anyone else, since I did that for Him by [my] annihilation. Hence I possess no existence nor does anyone else that I should thus possess a share or a portion; [for] the Lord of the Worlds, that is, [all that is] for Him in consideration of the union in the form of the differentiations of [His] lordship.

Quran Wiki:
Verses 162-163 express complete dedication, with every pulse and every life movement. It is a form of glorification of God and submission to Him in the most absolute of terms: it combines obligatory and voluntary prayer, life and death. 

All is dedicated to God alone, the Lord of all the worlds, who controls and sustains them all and conducts and determines all their affairs. It is the sort of submission to God that leaves out nothing within oneself, one’s conscience or in life, without dedicating it totally to God.

May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
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Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that:
  • The plain translation has been taken from the Qur'ān officially published by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [1]
  • The exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi. [2]  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided by [2], additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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