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Sunday, April 10, 2022

Don't be dejected if your Dua / Supplication is not answered - Know how Dua works

The desires, problems and sufferings of man are endless. One may desire things which others have and he doesn't and makes a supplication to Allah for fulfillment of his desires. But when this supplication is not answered, he get dejected for he thinks that there has been something wrong which may have done in the past because of which his dua is not answered or he perhaps did not make a invocation as it should  have been.

Likewise, if someone is poor or sick or in some turmoil, he besieges Allah to end his sufferings. Again here all duas and supplications may not get answered. Sometimes one's lifetime passes away in utter poverty or illness and despite all his supplications, his situation remains unchanged. Naturally a man has a limited knowledge and he cannot fathom the realities unknown to him, so he loses heart in praying and get into depression.

Then there is a person who when sees someone in despair or bad times, he supplicates that he may not get into such a situation ever. Yet despite his dua, he finds him in the same sufferings and bad times for which he made a supplication to be saved off.

So what in fact is the philosophy behind acceptance or negation of our supplications?

This all happens because man is impatient and he wants that his supplications should be immediately answered. If we look back, even the  prophets have undergone test and trials, like Prophet Yaqoob wept for years for the loss of his son Yusuf or when Prophet Noah saw his son drowning he made a dua for his safety but it was not granted. Prophet Abraham (Ibraheem) prayed for his father but was asked not to for he was an infidel.

Or the example of Maryam (Mary) when she was told that she would bear a child, which came as a shock to her and she prayed that she would rather die than bearing a child when she had been chaste all along. But against her wishes and dua, a son was born to her who rose to be a prophet (Eesa/Jesus).

So all above shows that man does not know what is good or bad for him and his wishes and supplications may or may not be answered for Allah has His own plans.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is reported to have said,
"Make du'a to God in a state that you are certain that your du'a will be responded to, and know that God does not respond to a du'a that originates from a negligent, inattentive heart" — Hadith narrated by al-Tirmidhi and al-Hakim from Abu-Hurayrah
There are many factors that may lead to acceptance of one's supplications. These are:
  • Faith: Nothing moves without an unflinching faith in Allah. Unless one has firm and solid faith, how can he expect his supplications be answered?
  • Patiance: Allah rejects supplications if the worshipper is hasty or does not have patience.
  • Purity: One must have a pure and clean heart to make a dua. A person who is sinful or has haraam income and food may not qualify for acceptance of his duas.
  • Good intentions: One has to make a dua with good intention for a good cause. A person's Dua will continue to be answered so long as he does not pray for something sinful or for the breaking of family ties, for a person's Dua will continue to be answered so long as he does not pray for something sinful or for the breaking of family ties." Narrated by Muslim.
  • Unconditional Dua: One should never place conditions to the acceptance of his dua. Propeht Muhammad ﷺ is reported to have said: "Let not any one of you say, 'O Allah, forgive me if You will, O Allah, have mercy on me if You will.' Let him be resolute in the matter, whilst knowing that no one can compel Allah to do anything." — Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim
You may like to a lecture by eminent Muslim scholar Nouman Ali Khan on How Duaa Works:
May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Invocations / Dua " دُعا " from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
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Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  

In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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