Wednesday 25 May 2022

Allah provides sustenance from whence one never even imagined

In our series of posts on Selected Verses from Qur'an, today we share the third ayat/verse of  Surah 65. At-Talaq (Divorce) which is about provision of sustenance to every man. This verse is also specially for the benefit of woman who have been divorced and shows how Allah commands men to ensure that a divorced woman does not go empty handed out of his house and has something to start her life afresh. This verse thus is an eye opener for all those non Muslims who make lot of hue and cry that Islam suppresses rights of women. This verse was revealed more than 1400 years ago when there was no concept of giving money or sustenance allowance to Muslim women and even in the West the giving of property came sometime  very late in the history, perhaps after 15th century, almost eight centuries later than Islamic laws. In fact this chapter Surah 65. At-Talaq (Divorce) lays down detailed modalities as to how divorce is pronounced and how rights of divorced woman are to be protected.

Talking in general terms, I am witness to Allah's commandment of "Provision of sustenance from whence never ever imagines" and at many critical junctures of my life when I needed support, the Divine help came from sources I had never imagined. So make charities and help others as much as you can for your selfless gestures will aid you at times when you least expected help from any corner.

Now coming over to the 3rd verse of Surah 65. At-Talaq. The following verse should be read in conjunction with the first two verses of the Surah 65. At-Talaq, in which it is emphasized that when one divorces his wife, he must provide here means of sustenance on her departure from his house even if he very poor for he should not worry by  sharing from his paltry resources how he would sustain himself after parting with his small wealth or resources for Allah promises him sustenance whence he never ever imagined.

The third verse reconnects from the last part of the verse 2: "Allah will find a way out for him who fears Allah":
The context itself shows that here “fearing Allah in whatever one does” means to pronounce divorce in accordance with the approved method taught by the Sunnah, to reckon the waiting-period accurately, to avoid turning the wife out of the house, to take the wife back if one decides to keep her at the expiry of the waiting-period with the intention of keeping her equitably and to send her away in a fair manner if one decides to part with her, and to call two just men to witness the divorce, reconciliation or separation, as the case may be. In respect of this, Allah says that whoever acts in fear of Him, He will open for him a way out of the difficulties. This automatically gives the meaning that whoever does not fear Allah in these matters, will create for himself such complications and difficulties from which he will find no way out.
A study of these words clearly shows that the view of those who hold that the irregular (bidi) form of divorce does not take place at all and of those who regard a triple divorce pronounced at once or during the same period of purity as a single divorce, is not correct. For if an irregular form of divorce does not take place at all, it does not create any complication from which one may have to find a way out; and if only a single divorce takes place when one has pronounced three divorces at once, then also there arises no need for a person to seek a way out of a difficulty or complication.

Now from here we commence with explanation of the third verse:

وَّيَرۡزُقۡهُ مِنۡ حَيۡثُ لَا يَحۡتَسِبُ​ ؕ وَمَنۡ يَّتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى اللّٰهِ فَهُوَ حَسۡبُهٗ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ بَالِغُ اَمۡرِهٖ​ ؕ قَدۡ جَعَلَ اللّٰهُ لِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ قَدۡرًا‏ 
(65:3) and will provide him sustenance from whence he never even imagined. Whoever puts his trust in Allah, He shall suffice him. Surely Allah brings about what He decrees; Allah has set a measure for everything.

" and will provide him sustenance from whence he never even imagined " It means: "Keeping the divorced wife in the house during the waiting period, to maintain her and to pay her the dower, or something in addition, at departure certainly burdens a man financially. To spend on a woman whom one has already decided to send away because of strained relations will surely be irksome, and if the man is also poor, this expenditure will further pinch him. But a man who fears Allah, should endure all this gracefully. Allah is not niggardly as the people are. If a person spends his wealth in accordance with His law, He will provide for him in a manner beyond all expectations." 

" Whoever puts his trust in Allah, He shall suffice him. Surely Allah brings about what He decrees " That is, there is no power that can prevent Allah's decree from enforcement.

Tafsir Ibn-Kathir
Last part of verse 2: (وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجاً And whosoever has Taqwa of Allah, He will make a way for him to get out.)'' `Ikrimah also commented on the Ayah, "Whoever divorces as Allah commanded him, then Allah will make a way out for him.'' Similar was reported from Ibn `Abbas and Ad-Dahhak.`Abdullah bin Mas`ud and Masruq commented on the Ayah, "It pertains to when one knows that if Allah wills He gives, and if He wills He deprives, (from where he never could imagine.) from resources he did not anticipate''

Verse 3: (وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لاَ يَحْتَسِبُ And He will provide him from where he never could imagine) from where he never thought of or anticipated.'' 

Allah said, ( وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ (And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him.) 

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said that he rode the Prophet's camel while sitting behind the Prophet , and the Messenger of Allah said to him:
(O boy! I will teach you words ﴿so learn them﴾. Be mindful of Allah and He will protect you, be mindful of Allah and He will be on your side. If you ask, ask Allah, and if you seek help, seek it from Allah. Know that if the Ummah gather their strength to bring you benefit, they will never bring you benefit, except that which Allah has decreed for you. Know that if they gather their strength to harm you, they will never harm you, except with that which Allah has decreed against you. The pens have been raised and the pages are dry.) At-Tirmidhi collected this Hadith and said: "Hasan Sahih.'' Allah's statement,
( إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَـلِغُ أَمْرِهِ Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose.) meaning, Allah will execute His decisions and judgement that He made for him, in whatever way He wills and chooses,

( قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدْراً Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.) This is like His saying: ( وَكُلُّ شَىْءٍ عِندَهُ بِمِقْدَارٍ (Everything with Him is in (due) proportion.) (13:8) 

Muhammad Asad Explanation:
Lit., "whence he does not expect". It is to be noted that the relative pronoun man ("whoever" or "everyone who") - although grammatically requiring the use of the masculine gender in the verbs or pronouns to which it relates - applies to persons of either sex, as is evidenced by innumerable passages in the Qur'an: hence, the present passage, too, including the sentence that follows, must be understood as relating to the women as well as to the men in question.

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi Explanation:
This is said because a person after divorcing his wife should not turn her out thinking that he will now merely provide for her for free.  Thus the time of God’s help is fixed. Imām Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī writes:
… If there is a delay in it, then this is only because He wants to try people whether they show patience or not. A person should rest assured that God will fulfil all His promises. If there is delay in this, then it is only as much as is necessary to try his patience, and this trial is for a person’s own well-being. (Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī, Tadabbur-i Qur’ān, vol. 8, 440)
Qur'an Wiki:
Again, wicked scheming has wide scope and can take different routes in this relationship. Indeed, trying to avoid wicked scheming by one party may make the other resort to wicked scheming of their own. This statement impresses on people that they should not attempt anything of the sort. Rather, they should place their trust in God; this is sufficient for anyone. God always accomplishes what He wants. Whatever He has willed has already taken place. Therefore, to rely on Him is to rely on the One who is able, powerful and always brings about the results He seeks. It should be noted that this statement is general and aims to instil into people the right concept with regard to God's will and power. Including it here with the rulings on divorce suggests that it has important significance and effect in this very crucial social matter.

Everything is given its due measure, accomplished at the place, time and with the circumstances set for it. Hence, it is the result of its particular causes and produces its own results. Nothing is the result of blind coincidence, either within man and his life or in the universe at large. This is an important aspect of the Islamic concept.' Yet mentioning it here relates it to the rulings God has given concerning divorce, its timing, waiting period and witnesses.

All these rulings are thus given an extra aspect of being part of God's overall law and give us the feeling that the serious view Islam takes of divorce is part of the seriousness of the system God has established for the universe.

Please listen to explanation of the ayat by eminent Muslim scholar Nouman Ali Khan:
May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
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Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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