Friday 20 January 2023

Rising of the sun from the west: The Doomsday Prediction (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

There have been many theories about the possibility of the sun rising from the west. There have been many a argument for and against this to be happening. Those propagating such theories are of the opinion that a magnetic field reversal may change the motion of the earth in the opposite direction, thereby the sun being seen rising from the west.

Herein under are some of the viewpoints of astronomers and scientists who argue in favour of such a phenomenon:
Climate researchers believe we are heading towards a reversal of the planet's magnetic field, which some fear will lead to the end of the human race and even wipe out the neanderthals. This may entail a swap of the magnetic poles from north to south would shift the continents so fiercely it would trigger mass earthquakes, rapid climate change, extinctions and global destruction.[1]

Although the earth would start spinning from west to east, the atmosphere would not be able to change track so fast. This would lead to supersonic winds and hurricanes and mega-tsunamis of such magnitude that they would destroy all man-made natural structures on the ground, along with nearly all living things. Unless you conveniently happened to be shopping in a subterranean mall or sulking in a bunker of sorts, you would be ancient history. But if the earth starts its reverse-rotation slowly, gradually, then the aftermath may not be as catastrophic. [2]

NASA has been tight lipped on the subject. But it published an explanatory article on December 1, 2011 about the phenomenon of the Earth's magnetic field reversal, titled “2012: Magnetic Pole Reversal Happens All The (Geologic) Time” indicating that this phenomenon has occurred several times over the past thousands of years, and it is a “rule, not an exception”. [3]

In the above quoted two references, it is the opinion that if such thing, rising of the sun from the west happens, there will be chaos on the earth which may ultimately lead to the destruction of the planet earth - the Doomsday happening.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, while interpreting the 158th verse of Surah 6. Al-An'am given herein under has explained te rising of the sun from the west: 

هَلۡ يَنۡظُرُوۡنَ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ تَاۡتِيَهُمُ الۡمَلٰۤـئِكَةُ اَوۡ يَاۡتِىَ رَبُّكَ اَوۡ يَاۡتِىَ بَعۡضُ اٰيٰتِ رَبِّكَ ؕ يَوۡمَ يَاۡتِىۡ بَعۡضُ اٰيٰتِ رَبِّكَ لَا يَنۡفَعُ نَفۡسًا اِيۡمَانُهَا لَمۡ تَكُنۡ اٰمَنَتۡ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ اَوۡ كَسَبَتۡ فِىۡۤ اِيۡمَانِهَا خَيۡرًا​ ؕ قُلِ انْتَظِرُوۡۤا اِنَّا مُنۡتَظِرُوۡنَ‏ 

(6:158) What! Do they wait either for the angels to appear before them or for your Lord to come unto them or for some clear signs of your Lord to appear before them? When some clear signs of your Lord appear, believing will be of no avail to anyone who did not believe before, or who earned no good deeds through his faith. Say: 'Wait on; we too are waiting.'

This Hadith is mentioned in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī  (Book 65 - Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) كتاب التفسير / Chapter 10: "The day that some of the signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe..." (V.6:158) (10)باب ‏{‏لاَ يَنْفَعُ نَفْسًا إِيمَانُهَا‏}‏ ) as Hadith 4636, given herein under:

حَدَّثَنِي إِسْحَاقُ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنْ هَمَّامٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا فَإِذَا طَلَعَتْ وَرَآهَا النَّاسُ آمَنُوا أَجْمَعُونَ، وَذَلِكَ حِينَ لاَ يَنْفَعُ نَفْسًا إِيمَانُهَا ‏"‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ الآيَةَ‏.‏

Narrated by Abu Huraira:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "The hour will not be established till the sun rises from the West; and when it rises (from the West) and the people see it, they all will believe. And that is (the time) when no good will it do to a soul to believe then." Then he recited the whole Verse (6.158)

Many may today, especially non-Muslims will mock the Hadith, as they have always done, despite the fact that in the Qur'an, many mentions are made which science has only proven in the last couple of centuries. That is the complex process of childbirth the presence of steel on earth which has been in fact a foreign body, and many other indicators for man to ponder upon. 

Likewise, someday science will be advances to ponder over this Hadith and may come to know that such a possibility exists and will be the turning point in our earthly life when it will cease to exist. Let us wait to see the science to mature to a level when someone will be able to interpret the Quranic verses and aforesaid Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. 

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.
Photo | Source of Hadith | Resource references: | 1 | 2 | 3 |

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