Thursday 17 August 2023

Worldly acts that will bring a believer closer to Paradise and keep him away from Hell on the Day of Judgement

This life is nothing but a test for mankind. The rules of living in this worldly life have been mentioned in all Divine Scriptures and further explained in detail by the messengers and prophets of Allah since the days of Prophet Adam (may peace be upon him). Yet people remain in doubt and many think that this worldly life is the end of everything, that is when one dies, he is done for forever with no questions being asked. This is especially true for the atheists, who want their heads buried in the sand like an ostrich and do not listen to reason and logic.

But the stark reality is completely different and no matter how the reality is denied, the world will come to an end one day and all people who ever lived will be brought to life and will be made to answer for their worldly act in front of none but the Lord of the universe. And then their fate will be decided for their eternal life and their abode selected in either the Jannah (Paradise) or Jahannam (Hell).

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has been quoted as telling a Bedouin who came to him, held his camel and asked what would bring him closer to Paradise and keep him away from Hell. The revered Prophet ﷺ told him to at upon five things that would take him closer to Jannah. And if even one is missing, his fate would hang in imbalance. Let us know what these five acts are.

This Hadith is mentioned in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim (Chapter 1 - Faith) as Hadith 104, given herein under:

Abu Ayyub narrated that a Bedouin came to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) when he was on a journey, and took hold of the nose-rein or halter of his she-camel, then said: "O Messenger of Allah" - or: "O Muhammad - tell me of something that will bring me closer to Paradise and keep me away from Hell." The Prophet (s.a.w) paused, then he looked at his Companions, then he said: "He has been guided." He said: "What did you say?" (The Bedouin) repeated his question, and the Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him, establish the Salat, pay the Zakat, and uphold the ties of kinship. Let go of the camel."

Arabic text:
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ طَلْحَةَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو أَيُّوبَ أَنَّ أَعْرَابِيًّا عَرَضَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَهُوَ فِي سَفَرٍ فَأَخَذَ بِخِطَامِ نَاقَتِهِ أَوْ بِزِمَامِهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَوْ يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْنِي بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِي مِنْ الْجَنَّةِ وَمَا يُبَاعِدُنِي مِنْ النَّارِ قَالَ فَكَفَّ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثُمَّ نَظَرَ فِي أَصْحَابِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَقَدْ وُفِّقَ أَوْ لَقَدْ هُدِيَ قَالَ كَيْفَ قُلْتَ قَالَ فَأَعَادَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لَا تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلَاةَ وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ وَتَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ دَعِ النَّاقَةَ.

These five acts mentioned above are self-explanatory and should leave no doubt whatsoever in anyone's mind. However, the first and second acts are interrelated: That is, one must worship Allah, while ensuring no one is associated with Him nor anyone added to share the powers of Allah. Allah alone is sufficient for everything that belongs to the entire universe which He created and does not need anyone to share His might to assist Him or to share His limitless powers.

Those still in doubt of Oneness of Allah should read Surah Al Ikhlas, the 112th chapter of the Holy Qur'an which deals exclusively with Tawhid. Whoever understands it and believes in its teaching will get rid of the shirk (polytheism) completely. It is a short declaration of Tawhid, Allah's absolute oneness. The basic theme of Islam revolves around the Oneness of Allah and this has been highlighted at many a place in the Holy Qur'an. However, if there is one single chapter or surah which sums up the oneness of Allah is Sūra al-Ikhlāṣ. Although one of the very short surahs / chapters of the Holy Qur'an, it embodies in itself the clear message of monotheism for there being none equal or comparable to Allah.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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Hadis ibn Parman To read and to write, reading is already prewritten

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