Showing posts with label Learning and teaching Qur'an. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Learning and teaching Qur'an. Show all posts

Sunday 23 July 2023

The best among you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it (Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

Qur'an, the Divine Book of Islam, was revealed unto Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, a person who himself was illiterate. So, whenever a revelation was received by him, he would himself first memorize it and then share it with his companions who did the same. Since most of the Arabs at that time were illiterate, the revered Prophet of Allah (ﷺ) urged upon his people to learn Qur'an and then teach it to others who were illiterate. 

This Hadith is Hadith is mentioned in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī  (Book 66 - Virtues of the Qur'an /  كتاب   فضائل القرآن / Chapter 21: The best among you is those who learn the Qur'an and teach it / باب خَيْرُكُمْ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ ) as Hadith 5027, given herein under:

حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ مِنْهَالٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَلْقَمَةُ بْنُ مَرْثَدٍ، سَمِعْتُ سَعْدَ بْنَ عُبَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ السُّلَمِيِّ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ خَيْرُكُمْ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ وَأَقْرَأَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ فِي إِمْرَةِ عُثْمَانَ حَتَّى كَانَ الْحَجَّاجُ، قَالَ وَذَاكَ الَّذِي أَقْعَدَنِي مَقْعَدِي هَذَا‏.‏

Narrated by `Uthman: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The best among you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it."

It is this directive due to which Arabs started to memorize the whole Qur'an by heart and spread it to far flung places as Islam spread beyond the Arab lands. Alhamdolillah, today millions of Muslims across the globe have not only memorized the Qur'an by heart, the chain of its teaching to others continues in every nook and corner of the world.

Those who memorize the complete Qur'an are known as Hafiz (/ˈhɑːfɪz/; Arabic: حافظ, romanized: ḥāfiẓ, pl. ḥuffāẓ حُفَّاظ, f. ḥāfiẓa حافظة), literally meaning "memorizer", depending on the context, is a term used by Muslims for someone who has completely memorized the Quran. Hafiza is the female equivalent.

Hifz is the memorization of the Quran. Muslims believe that whoever memorizes the Quran and acts upon it will be rewarded and honoured greatly by Allah, as Abdullah ibn Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “It shall be said — meaning to the one who memorized the Qur'an — 'Recite, and rise up, recite (melodiously) as you would recite in the world. Indeed, your rank shall be at the last Ayah you recited” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2914).

Indeed, The One Who Does Not Have Qur'an Inside Him (His Heart), Is Like the Ruined House. Since Qur'an is in the Arabic text, it is difficult for non-Arabs to recite it in Arabic. But it is the beauty of Qur'an that despite being in Arabic, it is memorized by Muslims across the globe even in China and Russia where learning to read Arabic is far difficult as compared to other languages. It is due to the presence of Huffaz everywhere in the World who have made it possible for people not knowing Arabic, and yet recite Qur'an in Arabic as fluently as any Arab can.

Since children can learn anything better than the adults, many Muslims start their kids on this journey from a very young age, sometimes completing the entire memorization by the age of 12 or even younger. There are instances wherein it has been reported that a child of three years memorized the Qur'an by heart. Please read our post: World's youngest Hafiz e Qur'an. It has been reported that a girl in Kashmir memorized the whole Qur'an in just about 25 days.

So, my brothers and sisters in Islam, take it as an obligation upon yourself to learn as much Qur'an as you can, preferably the whole of it, understand it and act upon it. And once Qur'an has become a part of you, spread out what you know and teach it to others so that every Muslim is laced with the wealth that has gains both in this world and in the life of Hereafter.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

This post is part of series of posts on the subject of: Are you among the best Muslims, as mentioned by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ?

Please refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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