Showing posts with label Virtues. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Virtues. Show all posts

Wednesday 10 April 2024

Let us continue to practice the virtues learnt during the Ramadan

Ramadan is the most blessed month of all other months of Islamic calendar. It is the month of learning and practicing virtues we do no otherwise practice in other eleven months of the year. It would not be wrong to say that Ramadan teaches us self discipline to learn the patience to abstain from what is otherwise Halal to us including food, intimate relations with our spouses, restraining our anger and harnessing our tongue to abstain from using foul language. It also conditions us to stand for long hours offering Traveeh  prayers at night and reciting Qur'an more than we recite otherwise.

With the end of the month of Ramadan, we suddenly revert to our habits, good or bad, of pre Ramadan months. But does this is the outcome of fasting for the entire months and exhibiting strict self discipline on us? Certainly not. Ramadan is in fact is a one month training camp for all of us to a strict practicing timetable to condition our behaviour for the rest of the eleven months. So what do we do?

Well, for one thing, let us stop abstaining ourselves from the Halal things and start to live our normal lives. Eat and drink during the day or even intimately meet our spouses. But that is all. Other than that, we must continue to practice the virtues learnt during the month. Some are given herein under:

The Suhoor, the food taken before the commencement of the fast of the day, every morning much before the pre dawn time, conditioned us to get up early morning, eat Suhoor followed by the pre dawn prayer (Fajr). This was normally followed by recitation of the Qur'an, usually one Juz /part every day. Now that the Ramadan is over and there are no Suhoor to taken, let us continue to offer the Fajr prayer if we were no regular in doing so before Ramadan.

Tarawih prayers coupled with the night prayer, Isha, attracted large number of believers who had otherwise never prayed the Isha prayer in the masjids. [Tarawih,  (Arabic: تَّرَاوِيح, romanized: tarāwīḥ), are special Sunnah prayers involving reading long portions of the Quran, and performing up to 20 rakahs, which are performed only in the Islamic month of Ramadan.] Now let us continue to offer Isha prayer in the masjid and be punctual as we have been during Ramadan. This should bring about a phenomenal change in our lives with regard to offering Isha prayer in the masjid.

Continuing with the offering of the practice of Tarawih prayer which entailed standing for almost an hour to listen to the Qur'an being recited, let us change over the Tahajjud prayer, the late night prayer which was the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. this non obligatory prayer is of immense value and rewards as at late night of the hour, one is all alone communicating and talking to his Creator. The getting up for Suhoor should not be replaced with offering tahajjud prayer.

The fasting itself is a good concept that can now be correlated to the many health  benefits of intermittent fasting. We are already tuned up after fasting for thirty days to abstain from eating and drinking. While we may not start fasting like that f Ramadan, we can reschedule our eating habits with long spells of food abstaining. This would be good for our health as we have experienced during Ramadan. 

While in Ramadan we abstained from foul language or telling lies or expressing our anger on petty matters,  why cannot we continue this healthy habit and remain happy, for foul language and anger is also hurting, may sometimes even lead to depression. So let us have a pleasant demeanor from now on and be happy and let others be so too.

In my reckoning, these are some virtues which we can easily adopt and continue with these for remaining part of the year, till next Ramadan. Try it, not difficult to achieve and be happy.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please consult our reference page: Ramadan - A month of fasting and Blessings, to learn more about Ramadan. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for our exclusive pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
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Tuesday 29 October 2019

Most Comprehensive Quranic Verse which is Essence of the Entire Islamic Teachings

The Holy Qur'an was revealed unto Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the last of the Divine Scriptures, after the Psalms, Torah and Injeel (Bible), for the reformation and guidance of the mankind till the end of this world. Every word of the Qur'an carries in itself a commandment from Allah to guide the man and the mankind to the ultimate truth that would lead to his salvation on the Day of Judgement. Those who are lucky, find the truth and are blessed by none other than Allah. But those who have their eyes closed from reading the truth, or their ears muffed from hearing the truth, will be in utter loss when they will be presented before their Creator.

Although we have been sharing the translation and exegesis of the each chapter of Qur'an in our posts, we have also been sharing selected verses which carry important commandments and guidance so that ma does not deviate from the eternal truth. This post today is one of such posts and is very important as it very comprehensively presents the essence of the entire Islamic teachings contained in the Qur'an, condensed in but a few words.

In fact, in this brief sentence Allah has enjoined three most important virtues on which alone depends the establishment of a sound and healthy society, along with three most disliked acts or vices that create chaos, confusion and moral degeneration and oppression of the society and the mankind.

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ 
"In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"

اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَاۡمُرُ بِالۡعَدۡلِ وَالۡاِحۡسَانِ وَاِيۡتَآىـئِ ذِى الۡقُرۡبٰى وَيَنۡهٰى عَنِ الۡفَحۡشَآءِ وَالۡمُنۡكَرِ وَالۡبَغۡىِ​ۚ يَعِظُكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَذَكَّرُوۡنَ‏ 
( 90 )   Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.
The verse above is the 90th verse of Surah 16. An Nahl of the Holy Qur'an which has three distinct segments:
  • The Three most Advised Virtues
  • The Three most Disliked Vices
  • And a Severe Admonishment from Allah
Let us now take each portion one by one and see how these form the essence of entire Islamic teachings:

The Three Most Advised Virtues:
اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَاۡمُرُ بِالۡعَدۡلِ وَالۡاِحۡسَانِ وَاِيۡتَآىـئِ ذِى الۡقُرۡبٰى

The first of the three virtues is the Adl or Justice. Yousaf Ali in his exegesis of the Quran and this verse, describes justice as:
Justice is a comprehensive term, and may include all the virtues of cold philosophy. But religion asks for something warmer and more human, the doing of good deeds even where perhaps they are not strictly demanded by justice, such as returning good for ill, or obliging those who in worldly language "have no claim" on you; and of course a fortiori the fulfilling of the claims of those whose claims are recognized in social life. Similarly the opposites are to be avoided; everything that is recognized as shameful, and everything that is really unjust, and any inward rebellion against Allah's Law or our own conscience in its most sensitive form. 
According to Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi,  justice has two aspects.
To make such arrangements as may enable everyone to get one’s due rights without stint. Justice does not, however, mean equal distribution of rights, for that would be absolutely unnatural. In fact, justice means equitable dispensation of rights which in certain cases may mean equality. For example, all citizens should have equal rights of citizenship but in other cases equality in rights would be injustice. For instance, equality in social status and rights between parents and their children will obviously be wrong. Likewise those who render services of superior and inferior types cannot be equal in regard to wages and salaries. What Allah enjoins is that the full rights of everyone should be honestly rendered whether those be moral, social, economic legal or political in accordance with what one justly deserves.
The second thing enjoined is ihsan which has no equivalent in English. This means to be good, generous, sympathetic, tolerant, forgiving, polite, cooperative, selfless, etc. In collective life this is even more important than justice; for justice is the foundation of a sound society but ihsan is its perfection. On the one hand, justice protects society from bitterness and violation of rights. On the other hand, ihsan makes it sweet and joyful and worth living. It is obvious that no society can flourish if every individual insists on exacting his pound of flesh. At best such a society might be free from conflict but there cannot be love, gratitude, generosity, sacrifice, sincerity, sympathy and such humane qualities as produce sweetness in life and develop high values.

The third thing which has been enjoined is good treatment towards one’s relatives which in fact is a specific form of ihsan. It means that one should not only treat his relatives well, share their sorrows and pleasures and help them within lawful limits but should also share his wealth with them according to his means and the need of each relative. This enjoins on everyone who possesses ample means to acknowledge the share of his deserving relatives along with the rights of his own person and family. The divine law holds every well to do person in a family to be responsible for fulfilling the needs of all his needy kith and kin. The law considers it a great evil that one person should enjoy the pleasures of life while his own kith and kin are starving. As it considers the family to be an important part of society, it lays down that the first right of needy individuals is on its well t -do members and then on the others. Likewise it is the first duty of the well to do members of the family to fulfill the needs of their own near relatives and then those of others. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has emphasized this fact in many traditions, according to which a person owes rights to his parents, his wife and children, his brothers and sisters, other relatives, etc. in accordance with the nearness of their relationships. On the basis of this fundamental principle, Umar made it obligatory on the first cousins of an orphan to support him. In the case of another orphan he declared that if he had no first cousins he would have made it obligatory on distant cousins to support him. Just imagine the happy condition of the society every unit of which supports its every needy individual in this way. Most surely that society will become high and pure economically, socially and morally.

The Three Most Detested Vices:
In contrast to the above mentioned three virtues, Allah prohibits three vices which ruin individuals and the society as a whole. In fact the moral degradation of society, communities and even nations is due to disregard of the three virtues discussed above and freely adoption of flowing three vices:

وَيَنۡهٰى عَنِ الۡفَحۡشَآءِ وَالۡمُنۡكَرِ وَالۡبَغۡىِ​ۚ

(1) The Arabic word fahsha applies to all those things that are immodest, immoral or obscene or nasty or dirty or vulgar, not fit to be seen or heard, because they offend against recognized standards of propriety or good taste, e.g. adultery, fornication, homosexuality, nakedness, nudity, theft, robbery, drinking, gambling, begging, abusive language and the like. Likewise it is indecent to indulge in giving publicity to any of these evils and to spread them, e.g. false propaganda, calumny, publicity of crimes, indecent stories, dramas, films, naked pictures, public appearance of womenfolk with indecent makeup, free mixing of sexes, dancing and the like.

(2) Munkar applies to all those evils which have always been universally regarded as evils and have been forbidden by all divine systems of law. Al-munkar translated as 'evil deeds', denotes the word or deed the unlawfulness or impermissible of which is agreed upon by the well-recognized authentic exponents of the Shariah of Islam. Therefore, no side can be regarded as 'munkar' in their Ijtihad-based differences and, as for the word: 'Al-munkar', it includes all sins whether outward or inward, done practically or committed morally. 

(3) Baghy applies to those vices that transgress the proper limits of decency and violate the rights of others, whether those of the Creator or His creation.  It is translated as 'transgression' is to cross the limit. The sense is that of injustice and excess. At this place, though the sense of the word: Al-munkar (evil deeds) is inclusive of both Al-Fahsha' (shameful acts) and Al-Baghy (transgression), but Al-Fahsha' has been picked out as a separate entry, and made to appear first as well, because of its extreme evil and abomination. And the word: Al-Baghy has been taken up separately because its fallout is contagious. It affects others. Sometimes this transgression reaches the outer limits of mutual hostility, even armed confrontation, or it could go still further and cause inter- national disorder. 

According to a saying of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there is no sin, except injustice, the retaliation against which and the punishment for which comes so quickly. From this we learn that the ultimate severe punishment for injustice due in the Hereafter has to come anyway, however, much before that happens, Allah punishes the perpetrators of injustice in this mortal world as well - even though, he may fail to realize that the punishment he received was for a particular injustice commit- ted by him and that Allah Tams has promised to help the victim of injustice. 

The six commands, imperative and prohibitive, given in this verse are - if pondered upon - an elixir for the perfect prosperity of man's individual and collective life. May Allah bless us all with the ability of following them.

Having given out three virtues to be adopted and three vices to be shunned and prevented at all costs, Allah's warns:
 يَعِظُكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَذَكَّرُوۡنَ‏ 
"He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded."
So beware of the vices that are more attractive and lucrative than the difficult virtues to be adopted. For it is always the tough going on a thorny path that the salvation lies at the end.

You may also refer to our following sites for knowing more about Islam and Quran:
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Refer to our post: Understanding Islam for many questions that are generally asked and their answers as given out right in the Qur'an, and through various authentic hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and by prominent scholars.

Reading the Holy Quran should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on Social Media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Holy Qur'an - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

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