Tuesday 19 May 2020

99 Attributes of Allah: Al Kabīr - The Incomparably Great

One of the many attributes of Allah that exhibits the unchallenged greatness of Allah is Al Kabīr " ٱلْكَبِيرُ " The Incomparably Great, an attribute that forcefully shows the unlimited and boundless capacity of Greatness of the Creator of the Universe. The Attribute "Al-Kabīr" is repeated five times throughout the text of the Holy Quran. 

This attribute has been mentioned in Surah 31. Luqman: 30 :

ذٰ لِكَ بِاَنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الۡحَقُّ وَاَنَّ مَا يَدۡعُوۡنَ مِنۡ دُوۡنِهِ الۡبَاطِلُ ۙ وَاَنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الۡعَلِىُّ الۡكَبِيۡرُ 
All this is because Allah, He alone, is the Truth and all that which they call upon beside Him is false. Surely Allah, He alone, is All-High, Incomparably Great.

That is, “He is the Highest of all before Whom everything is low, and He is the Greatest of all before Whom everything is small.”

His Essence is unimaginably great Perfection, in might, power, wisdom and mercy in all His Attributes. He is the Most Great. He is far too great to be compared to any of His creatures; His creatures can never be like Him.

All powers rest only with Allah. Man may make as strong and suitable ships for his sea journeys as he likes, and may achieve whatever perfection in marine science and in the related knowledge and experience, these by themselves cannot avail him anything to perform safe voyages especially when confronted by the terrible forces at the sea, unless he is succored by the grace of Allah. As soon as Allah’s grace is withdrawn, man immediately realizes how meager and insufficient are the means and resources and knowledge of the sciences. Similarly, man in the state of peace and security may be a hardened atheist or polytheist, but when his boat loses balance in the storm at sea, even the atheist comes to realize that there is God and the polytheist that there is only One God.

ذٰ لِكَ بِاَنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الۡحَـقُّ وَاَنَّ مَا يَدۡعُوۡنَ مِنۡ دُوۡنِهٖ هُوَ الۡبَاطِلُ وَاَنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الۡعَلِىُّ الۡكَبِيۡرُ‏ 
(Surah 22. Al-Hajj: 62) So shall it be because Allah, He is the Truth, and all whom they invoke instead of Him are false. Allah is Most High, All-Great.

As Allah is in fact the Sovereign of the universe, His worshipers will surely attain true success and the worshipers of false gods will meet with utter failure.

ٱلْكَبِيرُ " is derived From the root k-b-r (Kaf-Baa-Raa) which in classical Arabic mean (1) to be great in rank, dignity, nobility, majesty, (2) to be great in learning, most knowing, (3) to be great in age, oldest, (4) to be great in size, vast, formidable.

عٰلِمُ الۡغَيۡبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ الۡكَبِيۡرُ الۡمُتَعَالِ‏ 
(Surah 13 Ar-Ra'd: 9) He knows both what is hidden and what is manifest. He is the Supreme One, the Most High.

All attributes mentioned in the Qur'an of Al Kabīr glorify the Greatness of Allah  for Who else can be greater than glory and greater than greatness than Allah who is the master of the entire universe. When someone invents a thing, we glorify him beyond limits but have we ever paused to ponder on the Incomparably Greatness of the Creator of the fathomless universe, the ends of which may raven be found by the man.
Ibn `Abbas is quoted saying that the Messenger of Allah used to teach his companions a supplication whereby they could shun all ailments and types of fever which said, "In the Name of Allah Al-Kabīr; we seek refuge with Allah al-Azim from the evil of any feverish vein, and from the inferno of hellfire."
Other attributes of Allah related to Al Kabīr include: (1) Al-Jalil (الجليل) - The Majestic, The Glorious , (2) Al-Azim (العظيم) - The Supreme Glory, The Most Grand, and (3) Al Mutakabbir (المتكبر) - The Supremely Great.

"Allahu Akbar!" is a statement derived from "Al-Kabīr" and is pronounced to initiate the obligatory prayers, during the time of ruku`, sujood or qiyam, that is, when bowing, prostrating or standing during the performance of obligatory prayers. It is called takbeer, Glorification of al-Kabīr, the Great One, the Most Great. Takbeer is required on several occasions such as the athan, iqama, prayers, both feasts, funeral prayers, upon seeing the Ka`bah, throwing the stones [during the pilgrimage], and announcing the time for jihad, holy war. The Messenger of Allah is said to initiate anything of significance with "Allahu Akbar!"

You may refer to our post "99 Attributes of Allāh" for complete list of 99 attributes of Allah Almighty with meaning and explanation.

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran

Photo | References1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |

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