Thursday, August 20, 2020

Selected verses from Quran: Do not plead for those who are dishonest to themselves

The very basic virtue hinges around Just and Impartial Justice. It is the manipulation of facts and support of the dishonest which brings disharmony and corruption in a society. Before the advent of Islam, the well to do and the influential would always get away from justice because there were people who would plead for the dishonest and the sinners. By doing so, they not only breached the trust vested in them, they supported the evil and wrongdoing of others. In order to ensure discontinuation of this ill of the society which was badly hurting the moral fiber of the people, the following verse 107 of Surah An Nisa was revealed:

وَلَا تُجَادِلۡ عَنِ الَّذِيۡنَ يَخۡتَانُوۡنَ اَنۡفُسَهُمۡ​ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَنۡ كَانَ خَوَّانًا اَثِيۡمًا ۙ​ ۚ‏ 
(4:107) Do not plead for those who are dishonest to themselves; Allah does not love him who betrays trust and persists in sin.

The verse implies that whoever commits a breach of trust with others in fact commits a breach of trust with his own self first. For the powers of his head and heart have been placed at his disposal as a trust, and by misusing them he is forcing those powers to support him in acts which involve a breach of trust. In doing so the person concerned suppresses his conscience, which God has placed as a sentinel over his moral conduct, with the result that it is rendered incapable of preventing him from acts of wrong and iniquity. It is only after a man has already carried out this cruel suppression of conscience within himself that he is able to commit acts of sin and iniquity outwardly.

Renowned exegete Muhammad Asad puts it this way:
I.e., "you may ask God to forgive them, but do not try to find excuses for their behaviour". It is significant that the Qur'an characterizes a betrayal of trust, whether spiritual or social, as "being false to oneself" - just as it frequently describes a person who deliberately commits a sin or a wrong (zulm) as "one who sins against himself" or "wrongs himself" (zalim nafsahu)- since every deliberate act of sinning damages its author spiritually.

Yusuf Ali Explains:
Our souls are a sort of trust with us. We have to guard them against all temptation. Those who surrender to crime or evil, betray that trust. We are warned against being deceived into taking their part, induced either by plausible appearances, or by such incentives to partiality as that they belong to our own people or that some link connects them with us, whereas when we are out to do justice, we must not allow any irrelevant considerations to sway us.

Now if we look the sorry state still continues despite clear commandant from Qur'an to arrest such tendencies. Mostly politicians are involved in usurping rights of people despite being elected to protect their rights, and plunder the money of the people for their well being rather than spending on the welfare of the people. But despite their wrong doings, they so mesmerized their followers that the followers still plead for them, take out processions to portray their unjust leaders. This is clear breach of trust reposed on to the people who support the dishonest and the sinners. Likewise the Justices try to find loopholes in their cases to set them scot-free. This is clear violation of Divine directions on how to uphold justice, the grave consequences of which we try not to understand. 
May Allah help us understand Qur'an and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'an

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran.
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Reading the Holy Quran should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Holy Qur'an from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that:
  • The plain translation has been taken from the Holy Quran officially published by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [1]
  • The exegesis of the chapters of the Holy Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi. [2]  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided by [2], additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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