Friday 25 September 2020

Our Lord! Forgive those who repent and follow Your Path

There is much stress on repentance and forgiveness in the Qur'ān for despite clear  directions contained in the Qur'ān and guidance provided by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, believers are tend to make mistakes, err and get disheartened when they do so. The burden of disarray and deviation from the directed path of truth is much too heavy to carry and true believers cannot be at rest unless they have a hope of acceptance of repentance and being forgiven by the Almighty Allah. 

And when the believers are praying and supplicating, the angels up in the Heavens are moved too and very obediently intercede on behalf of the repenting servants of Allah for their forgiveness. Here is one such verse to this effect:

الَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَّحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ 
"The angels that bear the Throne and those that are around to extol your Lord's glory with His praise, they believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for the believers, saying: “Our Lord! You encompass everything with Your Mercy and Knowledge. So forgive those that repent and follow Your Path, and guard them against the chastisement of Hell." (Surah 40. Al-Mu'min: 7)
This verse was specially revealed for the consolation of the companions of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, who were feeling greatly discouraged at the impudence and rebellious attitude of the disbelievers of Makkah as against their own helplessness, as if to say: Why do you feel grieved at what these mean and worthless people say? You have the support of the angels who bear the divine Throne and of those who stand around it. They are interceding with Allah for you. The mention of the angels who bear the divine Throne and of those who stand around it, has been made, instead of the common angels, to impress the fact that not to speak of the common angels of divine kingdom, even the angels who are the pillars of this kingdom, being nearest in rank and station to Allah, bear deep sympathy and regard for you.
Ibn Kathir interprets this verse as:
Allah tells us that the angels who are close to Him, the bearers of the Throne, and the angels who are around Him -- all glorify the praises of their Lord. They combine glorification (Tasbih) which implies that He is free of any shortcomings, with praise (Tahmid) which is an affirmation of praise. (and believe in Him,) means, they humbly submit themselves before Him.  (and ask forgiveness for those who believe) means, for those among the people of earth who believe in the Unseen. Allah commanded that His angels who are close to Him should pray for the believers in their absence, so it is a part of the angels' nature that they say Ameen " آمین " when a believer prays for his brother in his absence.
So whenever believers are weak, overpowered and beleaguered by hopelessness or have erred and feel weak for being subjected to Divine chastisement, they are being consoled here and encouraged to repent if they have lost faith in the mercy of Allah and are being given the glad tidings that even the closest and specially picked up angels who support the Divine throne are constantly interceding on their behalf so that Allah, the Al Ghafur, the Ar Rahim, forgives them and saves them form chastisement of hell.
May Allah help us understand Qur'an and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'an

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran.
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Reading the Holy Quran should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Holy Qur'an from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that:
  • The plain translation has been taken from the Holy Quran officially published by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [1]
  • The exegesis of the chapters of the Holy Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi. [2]  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided by [2], additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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Jazak Allah khair, Jalal, so kind of you creating n sharing such n informative Islamic blog.
May Almighty Allah bless you for this Service.

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