Saturday, April 23, 2022

Divine Commandments in Qur'an

All Divine Religions have been given out to man to guide them and to give out a framework to them to obey God and establish harmonious societies based on ethics and social justice. The famous Ten Commandments given to Prophet Musa (Moses, may peace be upon him) are the famous set of ten principles which were to govern the lives of children of Israelites and play fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
However, scholars disagree about when the Ten Commandments were written and by whom, with some modern scholars suggesting that they were likely modeled on Hittite and Mesopotamian laws and treaties. According to the book of Exodus in the Torah, the Ten Commandments were revealed to Moses at Mount Sinai and inscribed by the finger of God on two tablets of stone kept in the Ark of the Covenant. (Wikipedia)
In case of Qur'an, however, there have been listed Nine Commandments in verses 151st and 152nd of  Surah 6. Al An' Am which have been directly conveyed from Allah to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ through Angel Jibraeel (Gabriel). And as every word of Qur'an is the word of God which has remained unchanged since its revelation more than 1400 years ago, there is no doubt about their source. The nine principles provide a framework of life for the mankind, whether Muslims or otherwise for the source of such commandments is the same as for all the Divine religions.

Herein under we list down these Nine Commandments as mentioned in the Qur'an. In the verse 151 Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has been directed to tell the believers and others to recite to them what God has laid down for them. These are:
  • (i) that you associate nothing with Him;
  • (ii) and do good to your parents;
  • (iii) and do not slay your children out of fear of poverty. We provide you and will likewise provide them with sustenance; 
  • (iv) and do not even draw to things shameful - be they open or secret; 
  • (v) and do not slay the soul santified by Allah except in just cause; this He has enjoined upon you so that you may understand;
Continuing in the verse 152, the remaining four commandments are:
  • (vi) and do not even draw near to the property of the orphan in his minority except in the best manner;
  • (vii) and give full measures and weight with justice; We do not burden anyone beyond his capacity;1
  • (viii) When you speak, be just, even though it concern a near of kin; 
  • (ix) and fulfil the covenant of Allah. That is what He has enjoined upon you so that you may take heed.
For details of above listed commandments, please refer to two of our earlier posts:
May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
Photo | Reference: | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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