Tuesday 21 June 2022

O ye children of Adam! Wear Raiment of Modesty and Righteousness

Islam is often mocked for its women clad in layers of clothes and wearing of Hijab. Many non Muslims countries have banned wearing of Hijab and Muslim women are often harassed for their attire and there are many incidents of unruly men snatching away their headdress and scarves.

For many communities, raiment is not taken as a means to cover their shame but to prevent weather hazards and as a mean of adornment and a means to add to their beauty. While generally men are modestly dressed, it is the women who wear inviting clothes, sometimes barely covering their bodies and making them a kind of show piece for every one to gaze on. 

Let us see what are the reasons for our raiment:.[1]
  • Adornment: Added decoration or ornamentation.
  • Protection: Clothing that provides physical safeguards to the body, preventing harm from climate and environment.
  • Identification: Establishing who someone is or what they do.
  • Modesty: Covering the body according to the code of decency established by society.
  • Status: One's position or rank in comparison to others.
Of the above, adornment and modesty are two conflicting factors. Mostly modesty is sacrificed for sake of adornment as a means of attraction. That is why revealing dresses are generally worn which perhaps are the main cause of many ills in the society. And this trend is not new. Even in pre Islam Arabia, men and women used to circumambulate naked when taking rounds around  the Kaaba. And if today, if we want to surf for naked, there will 99% women and hardly 1% men. 

One's attire and raiment is "THE" difference between modesty and immodesty. In order to ensure modesty and ensure a dress code of  righteousness, Qur'an at many places advocates usage of one's raiment to properly cover one's shame and nakedness. The following 26th verse of Surah 7. Al A'raf cautions man to ensure a dress code of righteousness and modesty:

يٰبَنِىۡۤ اٰدَمَ قَدۡ اَنۡزَلۡنَا عَلَيۡكُمۡ لِبَاسًا يُّوَارِىۡ سَوۡاٰتِكُمۡ وَرِيۡشًا​ ؕ وَلِبَاسُ التَّقۡوٰى ۙ ذٰ لِكَ خَيۡرٌ​ ؕ ذٰ لِكَ مِنۡ اٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَذَّكَّرُوۡنَ‏ 
(7:26) O ye children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame as well as to be an adornment to you but the raiment of righteousness that is the best. Such are among the signs of Allah that they may receive admonition
In this passage, the Qur'an has used the story of Adam and Eve for the eradication of the evil of nakedness. Satan had seduced the Arabs of the pre-Islamic period into believing that clothing was meant merely for the purpose of decorating and protecting the body from the hardships of weather. Accordingly they totally disregarded its real purpose and paid no heed to cover their shameful parts and did not hesitate to uncover them before others in the open. Above all, they would go round the Ka'abah in perfect nudity during the Haj season; and their women were even more shameless than their men. That was because they considered it a religious act and did this as if it were a virtuous deed.

The whole human race has been addressed because this evil was not confined to the Arabs alone but many people of the world had been (and even today are) guilty of this. Therefore the whole human race has been warned, as if to say, "O children of Adam! Nudity is a clear manifestation of the fact that you have been seduced by Satan. As you have discarded the Guidance of your Lord, and rejected the Message of His Prophets, you have given yourselves up to Satan who has misled you from the way of natural modesty into that shameful state, in which he intended to mislead your first parents. If you consider it seriously, you will come to the inevitable conclusion that you can neither understand rightly the demands of your nature nor fulfill them without the Guidance of the Messengers." 

Tafsir Ibn-Kathir:  (Bestowing Raiment and Adornment on Mankind)
Allah reminds His servants that He has given them Libas and Rish. Libas refers to the clothes that are used to cover the private parts, while Rish refers to the outer adornments used for purposes of beautification. Therefore, the first type is essential while the second type is complimentary. Ibn Jarir said that Rish includes furniture and outer clothes. 

`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam commented on the Ayah, (وَلِبَاسُ التَّقْوَى and the Libas (raiment) of Taqwa...) "When one fears Allah, Allah covers his errors. Hence the `Libas of Taqwa' (that the Ayah mentions).''

Yusuf Ali  Explanation
The body: is pure and beautiful, as long as it is not defiled by misuse: its clothing and ornaments may be good or meretricious, according to the motives in the mind and character: if good, they arc the symbols of purity and beauty: but the best clothing and ornament we could have comes from righteousness, which covers the nakedness of sin, and adorns us with virtues.

Explanation Qur'an Wiki:
The first address to the children of Adam speaks of the affliction caused to their first father, and of God’s grace when He ordered human beings to wear clothes, to cover their nakedness, and gave them fine garments pleasing to the eye.

`Abd al-Raĥmān ibn Aslam, an early scholar, says: “When a person fears God, he covers his nakedness. Thus he clothes himself with the robe of piety.” In divine law, then, there is a close relationship between garments that a person wears to cover his nakedness and to give himself a fine appearance on the one hand and fearing God and being pious on the other. Both are garments, with one covering mental or abstract nakedness and the other physical nakedness. Both give a human being a fine appearance and both go together. When a person is conscious of God and feels ashamed to appear in a way which is unpleasing to Him, he feels physical nakedness to be abhorrent and shies away from it. On the other hand, a person who feels no sense of shame in front of God and does not fear Him is one who does not hesitate to appear naked or to call people to do likewise. Being modest and covering one’s body are not matters of social tradition, as claimed by those who try to destroy the humanity of people by attacking their sense of shame and chastity in order to carry out the wicked designs of the Protocol of the Elders of Zion. To have a sense of shame is something that God has implanted in human nature and embodied in His law which He sent down to be implemented in human life. He has made them able to implement this law by giving them talents, abilities and provisions.
God reminds the children of Adam of His grace as He requires them to cover their nakedness with dress in order to protect their humanity against sinking to the level of animals. Everything He has facilitated for them is also an aspect of His grace. He reminds them of it “so that they may reflect.” (Verse 26) 

Tafsir Javed Ahmed Ghamidi:
The implication is that just as God has created things from which a person’s external attire is made, in the same way He has inspired those facts in his soul with which his inner attire is made. This is the attire of piety which a human is adorned with and then sent in this world. For this purpose, God has ingrained in him his fear, sense of worship and the feeling of modesty and chastity. This inner attire is composed from these elements and is far above the outer one. In fact, it is when the outer attire is made from motives that spring from the inner attire that it makes human beings truly human and humane. Imām Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī writes:
... It is the person whom God out of His grace adorns with this garment who looks truly graceful and majestic. Such a person is an angel in human form. Whoever sees him, instantly cries out: مَا هٰذَا بَشَرًاﵧ اِنْ هٰذَا٘ اِلَّا مَلَكٌ كَرِيْمٌ. (31:12) (this is not a human being; this is but a noble angel.) (Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī, Tadabbur-i Qur’ān, vol. 3, 245)
(It is a sign from among the signs of God so that people may be reminded)  Ie., they be reminded that a person’s outer attire too should be in accordance with the inner one. The signs of God are found in the world outside a hu,an being and that within him as well. It is his responsibility to seek guidance from them. The revelations of the Qur’ān at many places direct his attention to these signs.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others life miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. May our outer and inner self be modest and that of righteousness. Aneen

Please listen to explanation of the ayat by eminent Muslim scholar Nouman Ali Khan:
Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so  that they are able to discuss issues with Non Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages  and Understanding Al Qur'an for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
Photo | Tafsir References: | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 |

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on Social Media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.


Post a Comment

Twitter Delicious Facebook Digg Stumbleupon Favorites More