Thursday 3 November 2022

Selected verses from Qur'an on Justice / Rules of Islamic Law

Impartial, unbiased and fair justice is the hallmark of Islamic Law as deduced from Qur'an and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The main purpose of justice under Islamic Law is providing preventive and precautionary measures to minimize the commission of crimes. At the same time, it is to compensate the losses incurred to the aggrieved. Justice should be so impartial that even the wealthiest, positional or occupier of a governmental position be prosecuted against the meek and poor. 

Special instructions are contained in Qur'an about the property of orphans placed under the guardianship of someone who is made dutybound to hand over the orphan's property to them as left by the heirs. Likewise, people are cautioned against bribing the judges to guard against giving false and one-sided decisions to please the rich and famous.

The law of Qisas (retaliation), the practices of conciliation or Suluh, restitution or compensation (Diyya, meaning blood money), isolation, forgiveness, community service, warning, fining and reintegration are all components of the Islamic law. This concept is analogous to the concept of restorative justice. In all these matters, the role of the victim is dominant and central, a mandatory precondition of contemporary restorative practices. [1]

We have already posted a number of verses from Qur'an related to Islamic Justice and its rules. In this post we have compiled all such posts for easy reference and as a ready reckoner:
It is strange and unbelievable that despite clear instructions as to how to implement and interpret the law, justice is generally not meted out to the victim and high and sundry get scot-free. Our judges, lawyers and believers in general should read relevant verses and ensure justice is upheld without any pressures and or being lured in by hefty bribes. If impartial and unbiased justice is not upheld, Qur'an wars: Do the Evil Doers suppose that they will escape the Divine Grasp? (Surah 29. Al-Ankabut:4)

For compiled verses for more specific subjects, please refer to our exclusive reference page: "Selected verses from Al-Qurʾān about a specific subject."

In addition, for more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages and Understanding Al Qur'an for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Photo | References: | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 |

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