Wednesday 14 June 2023

Mention name of Allah before eating (Prophetic Etiquettes of Eating)

People ask why Islam is called Deen and not merely religion. The simple answer is that Islam lays down principles, guidelines and etiquettes for everything and every step that a man is about to make. From merely saying Good Morning, and changing this wish from various time periods of day, Islam teaches believers to say "As-Salaam-Alaikum  ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ" meaning Peace be upon you. Likewise, one who is addressed, must reply in a befitting manner by saying "Wa-Alaikum-Salaam" that is peace be upon you too. And so many other instances wherein believers are asked to take name of Allah when undertaking any task so that Allah's blessings are included in whatever a man is about to undertake.

And when it comes to eating, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ specifically instructed his companions to take the name of Allah before eating and using the right hand to eat. 

This Hadith is mentioned in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī  (Book 70 - Food, Meals كتاب الأطعمة / Chapter 2: Mention the Name of Allah on starting to eat, and eat with the right hand. /باب التَّسْمِيَةِ عَلَى الطَّعَامِ وَالأَكْلِ بِالْيَمِينِ) as Hadith 5376, given herein under:

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، قَالَ الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ وَهْبَ بْنَ كَيْسَانَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عُمَرَ بْنَ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، يَقُولُ كُنْتُ غُلاَمًا فِي حَجْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَكَانَتْ يَدِي تَطِيشُ فِي الصَّحْفَةِ فَقَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ يَا غُلاَمُ سَمِّ اللَّهَ، وَكُلْ بِيَمِينِكَ وَكُلْ مِمَّا يَلِيكَ ‏"‏‏.‏ فَمَا زَالَتْ تِلْكَ طِعْمَتِي بَعْدُ‏.‏

Narrated by`Umar bin Abi Salama: I was a boy under the care of Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) and my hand used to go around the dish while I was eating. So, Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said to me, 'O boy! Mention the Name of Allah and eat with your right hand, and eat of the dish what is nearer to you." Since then, I have applied those instructions when eating. 

Thus, whenever one is about to eat, he should say: بِسۡمِ اللهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِ  In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate. And then begin eating with one's right hand. It should also be ensured that one starts eating from what is laid closest to him and not extending his hand and picking up dishes or food away from him. If at all a dish other than one in front is desired, the person closer to that dish may be politely asked to pass on the dish. This has been the practice of our revered Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and we must emulate his Sunnah as much as we can.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our exclusive reference page Etiquettes taught by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for more etiquettes attributed to Prophet Muhammad.

You may also refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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