Friday 29 December 2023

Beware of Charlatans (Warning by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

Prophets and messengers of Allah were blessed with special insight into some of the happenings that would take place after them and they always warned their people to be beware of times when the lies will be twisted in such words that these will be taken as true. Those will be the times when people will lose sight of the truth and will follow the charlatans who would become their pied pipers, leading them to chaos and leaving them disarray and confused.

A charlatan is one who pretends to possess knowledge he or she lacks. From the 16th century Italian ciarlatano "a quack," the usage of charlatan has not shifted much. Other words for charlatan are impostor, cheat, or pretender. Charlatans often make grandiose claims without evidence, use high-pressure tactics to get people to act quickly, and avoid scrutiny or verification of their claims. They may also lack credentials or qualifications in the areas they claim expertise.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, like all other prophets, warned of presence of charlatan in ranks of believers who would mislead them with their sugar quoted eloquence, though they themselves be devoid of any true knowledge.

This Hadith is quoted in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: Introduction/Chapter(#4) The Weak Narrators, Liars, and Those Whose Hadith are Avoided - باب النَّهْىِ عَنِ الرِّوَايَةِ، عَنِ الضُّعَفَاءِ، وَالاِحْتِيَاطِ، فِي تَحَمُّلِهَا   as Hadith number # 7 quoted herein under:

Harmalah bin Yahyā bin Abd Allah bin Harmalah bin Imrān at-Tujībī narrated to me, he said Ibn Wahb narrated to us, he said Abū Shurayh narrated to me that he heard Sharāhīl bin Yazīd saying ‘Muslim bin Yasār informed me that he heard Abā Hurayrah saying, the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah upon him, said:
There will be in the end of time charlatan liars coming to you with narrations that you nor your fathers heard, so beware of them lest they misguide you and cause you tribulations’.’

Arabic Text:
وَحَدَّثَنِي حَرْمَلَةُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَرْمَلَةَ بْنِ عِمْرَانَ التُّجِيبِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو شُرَيْحٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ شَرَاحِيلَ بْنَ يَزِيدَ، يَقُولُ أَخْبَرَنِي مُسْلِمُ بْنُ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ يَكُونُ فِي آخِرِ الزَّمَانِ دَجَّالُونَ كَذَّابُونَ يَأْتُونَكُمْ مِنَ الأَحَادِيثِ بِمَا لَمْ تَسْمَعُوا أَنْتُمْ وَلاَ آبَاؤُكُمْ فَإِيَّاكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْ لاَ يُضِلُّونَكُمْ وَلاَ يَفْتِنُونَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Today, if we look around their hoard of information is uploaded on social media which in fact is misinformation and disinformation which is utterly false and misleading. Yet the use of social media, the graphics and references to Islamic literature which when tried to be traced out are never found. Or words are twisted to give them entirely new meanings to mislead the believers. Already there are some Muslims who have fallen to the machination of the charlatans and have started to doubt even their own faith.

There are many imams and pseudo scholars, specially in Indian sub continent who are source of spreading false and misleading information about Islam. And instead of teaching them to follow teachings of Qur'an and Sunnah, they have made some long dead scholars and Muslim preachers as their role models and asking their followers to follow their role models rather than Allah and His Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. They have also made many false hadiths to mislead people and make them believe what they want them to.

So, my dear readers, please check and recheck the authenticity of any information related to Islam and hadiths / sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ before accepting these as true. Already a lot of weak / daif hadiths are quoted to mislead others. I come across many such hadiths and unless the authenticity is ensured, I do not post. May Allah help us to judge and differentiate between the truth and the lie. Ameen.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

You may refer to our exclusive page: Collection of Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ on Warnings / Cautions to read posts written on similar matters.

Please also refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah / Hadith of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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