Tuesday 19 March 2024

The Benevolent treatment of daughters would protect parents against Hell-Fire (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

Women in Islam assume a very elevated status and at many a places in Qur'an, believers have been commanded to be extra courteous and respectful towards women. Whereas many critics of Islam accuse Islam for being unjust to women and restricting their independence confining them to homes and forcing them to drape themselves in Hijab. There is  a long list of such accusation about women and their ill treatment. Such negative attitude stems from ignorance or base propaganda. Whereas more and more non-Muslims are entering fold of Islam, a majority of which is women. Non-Muslim women get attracted to Islam for the very elevated status Islam accords to women.

There is two complete chapters, namely Surah 4. An Nisa (The Women) and Surah 58. Al Mujadilah (The Pleading Woman) dedicated to women and their special status in Islam. In times when Islam was taking its roots among the pagans of Arabia, there was an abhorring tradition of burying the newly born baby girls alive as the pagans of Arabia considered them a too lowly creature and against their honour. This tradition was strictly abolished upon proclamation of Islam. We have already published a post based on the inhuman treatment to newly born baby girls. Please read our post: When the girl-child buried alive shall be asked for what offence was she killed.

With this premise in the backdrop, let us today share a n important Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in which he specifically talks on how the Benevolent treatment of daughters would protect parents against Hell-Fire. 

This Hadith is quoted in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: Book 45 The Book of Virtue, Enjoining Good Manners, and Joining of the Ties of Kinship - كتاب البر والصلة والآداب / Chapter # 46 The Virtue Of Treating Daughters Well / باب فَضْلِ الإِحْسَانِ إِلَى الْبَنَاتِ ‏‏‏) as Hadith number # 2629 as under:

'A'isha, the wife of Allah's Apostle (ﷺ), said:

A woman came to me along with her two daughters. She asked me for (charity) but she found nothing with me except one date, so I gave her that. She accepted it and then divided it between her two daughters and herself ate nothing out of that. She then got up and went out, and so did her two daughters. (In the meanwhile) Allah's Apostle (ﷺ) visited me and I narrated to him her story. Thereupon Allah's Apostle (ﷺ) said: He who is involved (in the responsibility) of (bringing up) daughters, and he accords benevolent treatment towards them, there would be protection for him against Hell-Fire.

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ قُهْزَاذَ، حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ حَزْمٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، ح
وَحَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ بَهْرَامَ، وَأَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ - وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُمَا - قَالاَ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، أَنَّأَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَتْ جَاءَتْنِي امْرَأَةٌ وَمَعَهَا ابْنَتَانِ لَهَا فَسَأَلَتْنِي فَلَمْ تَجِدْ عِنْدِي شَيْئًا غَيْرَ تَمْرَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ فَأَعْطَيْتُهَا إِيَّاهَا فَأَخَذَتْهَا فَقَسَمَتْهَا بَيْنَ ابْنَتَيْهَا وَلَمْ تَأْكُلْ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا ثُمَّ قَامَتْ فَخَرَجَتْ وَابْنَتَاهَا فَدَخَلَ عَلَىَّ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَحَدَّثْتُهُ حَدِيثَهَا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنِ ابْتُلِيَ مِنَ الْبَنَاتِ بِشَىْءٍ فَأَحْسَنَ إِلَيْهِنَّ كُنَّ لَهُ سِتْرًا مِنَ 
النَّارِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

This is how Islam accords a very high status for the parents of daughters for on the Day of Judgment,  lovingly, well groomed and raised daughters will become a shield for their parents against the fire of Hell. Let all those parents blessed with daughters be mindful of the blessings of Allah they have been blessed with in the form of their daughters. While sons too are a blessing of Allah, nonetheless, the raising of daughters take precedence over them for they are guests in their parent's' house and would leave one day after marriage. A better trained girl when becomes a mother, she continues to transform the preferential treatment meted out to her by her parents so that her daughters to learn the same and the cycle should continue.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ related to Muslim Women  for more Hadiths on the status of women in Islam.

You may also refer our reference page: Collections of Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about Rewards and Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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