Thursday 4 July 2024

Fundamental Ethical and Moral Guidelines for Muslims (Divine Commandment from Qur'an)

Qur'an, the last of the four Divine Scripturas (earlier three being the Psalms Torah and the Gospel). It is a book of Divine Guidance for those who sincerely seek guidance hidden in the many a verse of Qur'an. Right in the beginning of the Surah 2. Al Baqarah (The Cow), Allah tells the knowledge seekers that Qur'an is the Book of Guidance for those who are God-conscious:

ذٰ لِكَ الۡڪِتٰبُ لَا رَيۡبَ ۛۚ ۖ فِيۡهِ ۛۚ هُدًى لِّلۡمُتَّقِيۡنَۙ‏ 
(2:2) This is the Book of Allah, there is no doubt in it; it is a guidance for the pious.

There on, there are number  of verses that give out tip and modus operandi to seek guidance. We have been sharing many such verses in our previous posts. Today we share the 151st verse of Surah Al-An'am, Chapter/Surah 6 of Qur'an in which Allah provides clear commandments to the believers specially aimed at ethical and moral guidelines:

قُلۡ تَعَالَوۡا اَتۡلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمۡ عَلَيۡكُمۡ​ اَلَّا تُشۡرِكُوۡا بِهٖ شَيۡـئًـا وَّبِالۡوَالِدَيۡنِ اِحۡسَانًا​ ۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوۡۤا اَوۡلَادَكُمۡ مِّنۡ اِمۡلَاقٍ​ؕ نَحۡنُ نَرۡزُقُكُمۡ وَاِيَّاهُمۡ​ ۚ وَلَا تَقۡرَبُوا الۡفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنۡهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ​ ۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوا النَّفۡسَ الَّتِىۡ حَرَّمَ اللّٰهُ اِلَّا بِالۡحَـقِّ​ ؕ ذٰ لِكُمۡ وَصّٰٮكُمۡ بِهٖ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُوۡنَ‏ 
Say to them (O Muhammad!): 'Come, let me recite what your Lord has laid down to you: (i) that you associate nothing with Him; (ii) and do good to your parents; (iii) and do not slay your children out of fear of poverty. We provide you and will likewise provide them with sustenance; (iv) and do not even draw to things shameful - be they open or secret; (v) and do not slay the soul sanctified by Allah except in just cause; this He has enjoined upon you so that you may understand;

Note: The detailed explanation / tafsir of this verse can be read from our post: Surah Al An'aam (The Cattle): 6th Chapter of Qur'an (Part III) [Link]

Herein under we only share the fundamental ethical and moral guidelines given in the verse: 

Prohibition of Shirk: The first and foremost command is not to associate anything with Allah, emphasizing the importance of monotheism. (Read our exclusive post on: What is the Reality of Shirk - the sin of idolatry or polytheism)

Good Treatment of Parents: The verse instructs believers to be kind and respectful to their parents. (Read our exclusive post on: Why Islam Stresses on Respect of Parents)

Prohibition of Killing Children: It forbids killing children due to fear of poverty, reassuring that Allah will provide sustenance for both parents and children. (Read our exclusive post on: When the girl-child buried alive shall be asked for what offence was she killed)

Avoidance of Immoralities: It commands believers to stay away from immoral acts, both those that are apparent and those that are hidden. (Read our exclusive post on: How to arrest the spread of Immorality (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ))

Prohibition of Unlawful Killing: The verse prohibits the killing of any soul that Allah has forbidden to be killed, except in the course of justice. The Quran has described killing one innocent person as equivalent to killing all humankind, and saving one person's life as equivalent to saving all humankind. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, in a Hadith of Bukhari, has included unlawful killing among the “seven great destructive sins”

These commandments serve as fundamental ethical and moral guidelines for Muslims, aiming to promote a just and compassionate society. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Divine Commandments in Qur'an  for more guidelines

You may also refer to our Selected verses from Sūrahs of Qur'an to highlight important topics with detailed explanation and Reference Page on Understanding Al Qur'an for knowing more about Islam and Qur'an. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran.

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