Showing posts with label Zakah. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Zakah. Show all posts

Friday 21 July 2023

A true believer observes zakah (Traits of Believers who attain true success)

One of the many characteristics of a believer which are central to the teachings of Islam is Purity. Islam lays immense emphasis on observance of purity both physical, that is the bodily purity, as well as the spiritual purity. For bodily purity, the best action of a believer is the ablution before each prayer, five times a day. In addition, it is obligatory for every husband and wife to take a full bath after mating. Why I mentioned husband and wife is for the reason that in Islam there is no concept of intimate relation between man and woman unless they are married. 

Likewise, for spiritual cleansing and purity, one has to establish prayer and abstain from what is vain and frivolous. These two characteristics of a believer save him from any evil thoughts and keep on the straight path, as envisioned for him by Allah and spelt out in Qur'an. 

There is yet another kind of purity which a beleiver must ensure is to pay a laid down amount deducted from his annual income and harvest and dole it out to the poor and needy. 

All three types of purities mention above are called Zakah in Islam. This is the third characteristic of a beleiver which if abided by wholeheartedly and with complete sincerity will attain success for him. This is mentioned in the fourth verse of Surah 23. Al-Muminun الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَۙ (The Believers), explained in detail herein under:

وَالَّذِيۡنَ هُمۡ لِلزَّكٰوةِ فَاعِلُوۡنَۙ‏ 
(23:4) And they who are observant of zakāh;
The word Zakat literally means purification and development-to help something grow tip smoothly and develop without obstruction. As an Islamic term, it implies both the portion of wealth taken out for the purpose of purifying the rest of wealth and the act of purification itself. The words of the original Text mean that the Believer constantly practices purification. Thus, the meaning is not confined to the paying off of Zakat dues only but it is extended to self-purification which includes purification of morals as well as wealth, property and life in general. Then it does not mean purification of one's own self, but includes the purification of the lives of other people as well. So, the verse means: "The Believers are the people who purify themselves as well as others." This thing has been stated at other places in the Qur'an -also, for instance: "Successful is he who practiced -purification and remembered his Lord and prayed." (LXXXVII: 1415), and: "Successful is he who purified himself and failure is he who corrupted it." (XCI: 9-10). But this verse is more comprehensive in meaning because it stresses the purification of both society and one's own person.

Tafsir Ibn-Kathir
(And those who pay the Zakah.) Most commentators say that the meaning here is the Zakah that is paid on wealth, even though this Ayah was revealed in Makkah, and Zakah was ordained in Al-Madinah in the year 2 H. The apparent meaning is that the Zakah that was instituted in Al-Madinah is the one based upon the Nusub and the specific amounts, apart from which it seems that the basic principle of Zakah was enjoined in Makkah. As Allah says in Surat Al-An`am, which was also revealed in Makkah:

(وَءَاتُواْ حَقَّهُ يَوْمَ حَصَادِهِ But pay the due thereof on the day of their harvest,) [6:141] It could be that what is meant here by Zakah is purification of the soul from Shirk and filth, as in the Ayah:

(قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن زَكَّـهَا - وَقَدْ خَابَ مَن دَسَّـهَا Indeed he succeeds who purifies himself (Zakkaha). And indeed, he fails who corrupts himself.) [91:9-10] It could be that both meanings are intended, purification of the soul and of one's wealth, because that is part of the purification of the soul, and the true believer is one who pays attention to both matters. And Allah knows best.

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi Explanation:
Zakāh refers to that wealth which is given to meet the needs of the collectivity at God’s behest to please Him. Like prayer, it has always existed in the religion of the prophets. Thus, the addressees of the Qur’ān knew what it meant. It was not something alien to them so that its rates and exemptions were stated. They knew all these things just as they were aware of the rituals and utterances of the prayer. It is evident from the Qur’ān that it forms a pair with zakāh. While the prayer links a person to God, zakāh links him to his fellow human beings. Both these things are necessary for the success mentioned in this verse.

Tafsir Qur'an Wiki:
Having come forward to declare their submission to God and demonstrate this in their prayer, and having turned away from all that is frivolous, true believers complement this by being active in charity. The term used in Arabic for charity is zakāt, but this word is often used in a wider sense that goes far beyond the obligatory financial worship with which it is normally associated. Such charity purifies man’s heart and money. It purges hearts of selfishness and greed, and overcomes Satan’s whispers of discouragement as he raises before us the specter of poverty, and demonstrates our trust in God. It also makes our money, or what is left of it, pure and good, free of all obligations and doubts concerning its being lawful. Furthermore, charity protects the Muslim community against the imbalance that results from the extremes of poverty on the one side and affluence on the other. It provides social security for all individuals in the Muslim community, particularly the weaker elements, and it protects the community against disintegration.

So, my brothers and sisters in Islam, ensure observance of humbleness in your prayers, abstain from what is vain and frivolous and observe zakah of all three categories mentioned in the premise and explained thereafter. May Allah help us attain the promised success by adhering to the requirements as mentioned above and others that we will share in due course. Ameen.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our page "Traits of beleivers who attain success" to access all eight attributes of such believers as mentioned in Surah 23. Al-Muminun (The Believers).

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages  and Understanding Al Qur'an for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
Photo | Tafsir References:  | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 |

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from the following sources: 
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Translation Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Qur'an Wiki
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
In addition, references of other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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