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Saturday, August 15, 2020

Selected Verses from Quran: And resort to patience and Prayer for Divine help


Man is born with countless wishes and desires. and is always wanting that all his desires and needs be fulfilled immediately. Likewise when he is in distress, he seeks immediate Divine help. But when these desires and needs are not fulfilled or the help does not come timely, he is seen cursing his fate and lamenting to Allah for not having him listened to and left him helpless and abandoned. 

For such impatient and distressed, Allah asks them to be patient and be regular in As Salat prayers, for Divine help comes to those who are steadfast in their As Salat and patience

وَاسۡتَعِيۡنُوۡا بِالصَّبۡرِ وَالصَّلٰوةِ ​ؕ وَاِنَّهَا لَكَبِيۡرَةٌ اِلَّا عَلَى الۡخٰشِعِيۡنَۙ‏ 
"And resort to patience and As Salat (Prayer) for help.  Truly Prayer is burdensome for all except the devout," (Surah 2 Al Baqarah: 45) 

That is, if they feel difficulty in keeping to righteousness, the remedy lies in resorting to Prayer and patience. From these two attributes they will derive the strength needed to follow their chosen course.

The literal meaning of 'sabr' " صَّبۡرِ " is to exercise restraint, to keep oneself tied down. It denotes the will-power, the firm resolve and the control over animal desires which enables man to advance along the path of his choice - the path that satisfies his heart and conscience - in utter disregard of the temptations within, and of all obstacles and opposition without. The purpose of this directive is to urge man to develop this quality and to reinforce it from the outside by means of Prayer.

Ibn Kathir Explanation:
Allah commanded His servants to use patience and prayer to acquire the good of this life and the Hereafter. Muqatil bin Hayan said that this Ayah means, "Utilize patience and the obligatory prayer in seeking the Hereafter. As for patience (here), they say that it means fasting.'' There are similar texts reported from Mujahid. Al-Qurtubi and other scholars commented, "This is why Ramadan is called the month of patience,'' as is mentioned in the Hadith literature. It was also said that `patience' in the Ayah means, refraining from evil, and this is why `patience' was mentioned along with practicing acts of worship, especially and foremost, the prayer. Also, Ibn Abi Hatim narrated that `Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "There are two types of patience: good patience when the disaster strikes, and a better patience while avoiding the prohibitions of Allah.'' Ibn Abi Hatim said that Al-Hasan Al-Basri was reported to have said similarly.

The prayer is one of the best means of assistance for firmly adhering to Allah's orders, just as Allah said; (Recite (O Muhammad ) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur'an), and perform As-Salah. Verily, As-Salah (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha' (i.e. great sins of every kind), and Al-Munkar and the remembrance of (praising) of (you by) Allah is greater indeed) (29:45).

The personal pronoun in the Ayah " وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ " (And truly, it is extremely heavy and hard) refers to prayer, as Mujahid is reported to have said, and it was also the choice of Ibn Jarir. It is possible that the pronoun might be referring to the advice - to observe patience and the prayer - mentioned in the same Ayah.

" إِلاَّ عَلَى الْخَـشِعِينَ "  (except for Al-Khashi`in.). Ibn Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on this Ayah, "They (Al-Khashi`in) are those who believe in what Allah has revealed.''

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi Explanation:
In the Arabic language, the word صَبْر is used to firmly set one’s self on one’s view while protecting one’s self from worry, frustration and anxiety. When a person, with full contentment of the heart, strongly adheres to the support of the Almighty and perseveres on his stance in every difficulty he encounters, then this attitude is called صَبْر. 

In verse 177 of this surah, the Qur’an has cited three instances in which a person must exercise صَبْر: poverty, sickness and war. A little deliberation shows that all hardships emanate from these three states. If a person is able to remain composed at the outbreak of these states, then he indeed should be counted among those imbued with perseverance.

This is the method suggested by the Qur’an for those who want to tread and remain steadfast on the path of the truth. Without the help of the Almighty, a person can neither tread this path nor remain steadfast on it. It is only through the prayer and through exercising perseverance that one becomes worthy of God’s help. If a person makes a determined effort to lead his life with perseverance and also offers the prayer with all diligence and vigilance, his determination increases. He is not shaken in the most trying of circumstances, and, if ever he is, the Almighty Himself comes forward and lends support to him.

The actual words are: وَاِنَّہَا لَکَبِیۡرَۃٌ. In the opinion of this writer, the antecedent of the pronoun هَا is all the directives given to the Israelites in this discourse. In the Arabic language, a feminine pronoun is generally used in such instances.

The actual words are: اِلَّا عَلَی الۡخٰشِعِیۡنَ. The implied meaning is that it is difficult indeed to leave aside national and racial vanity and surrender to the truth; however, if a person is cognizant of the grandeur and greatness of the Almighty and he is humble, modest, meek and devoted to Him, and is fully aware of the fact that he needs the Almighty and is dependent on Him, then surrendering to the truth becomes easy.

Yusuf Ali Explanation:
The Arabic word Sabr implies many shades of meaning, which it is impossible to comprehend in one English word. It implies (1) patience in the sense of being thorough, not hasty; (2) patient perseverance, constancy, steadfastness, firmness of purpose; (3) systematic as opposed to spasmodic or chance action; (4) a cheerful attitude of resignation and understanding in sorrow, defeat, or suffering, as opposed to murmuring or rebellion, but saved from mere passivity or listlessness, by the element of constancy or steadfastness.
May Allah help us understand Qur'an and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein - and remain steadfast no matter how grave the times be for Allah's help shall always be forthcoming. In Sha Allah.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'an

You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran.
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Reading the Holy Quran should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.


An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Holy Qur'an from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that:
  • The plain translation has been taken from the Holy Quran officially published by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [1]
  • The exegesis of the chapters of the Holy Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi. [2]  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided by [2], additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of  other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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2 comments:

جلال بھائی بہت شکریہ اس بہت ہی خوبصورت کاوش کا۔ اسلام اور قرآن کو سمجھنے سیکھنے اور اس پر عمل کرنے کے لیے ہم سب ساری عمر کچھ نہ کچھ کوشش کرتے رہتے ہیں مگر ھمیشہ تشنگی محسوس ہوتی ہے۔ ہر کوئ نیئ سے نیئ بات کرتا ہے ۔ آپ کے اس بلاگ کو پڑھ کر مجھے بہت خوشی ہوئ کہ جو بات سمجھنا مشکل ہوتا ہے تینوں مکاتب فکر کی بات پڑھ کر تسلی ہوئ۔ تینوں ایک ہی بات کرہے ہیں مگر بیان کرنے کا طریقہ الگ الگ ہے اور بات سمجھ بھی اتی۔ جزاک اللہ خیر۔ اللہ آپ کو جزا دے۔ امین

Many thanks Jamil. Your support means a lot to me. May Allah bless you

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