Wednesday 23 February 2022

He who purified himself shall prosper

Purity is defined as freedom from adulteration or contamination. Thus a believer is commanded to purify himself from despised characteristics. Purity entails both physical and spiritual and moral purity. The latter is the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong. It is this purity that is stressed mor for unless one's inner self is clean and free from clattering, he cannot have a strong character, needed for true faith.

This purity if being referred to in the 14th verse of Surah 87. Al-A’la:

قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ مَنۡ تَزَكّٰىۙ‏ 
(87:14) He who purified himself shall prosper
"Who purified himself": who affirmed the faith giving up disbelief and polytheism, adopted good morals giving up evil morals, and performed good deeds giving up evil deeds. Success does not imply worldly prosperity, but true and real success whether worldly prosperity accompanies it or not. 

Thus anyone who has guilt in himself, is not likely to succeed. In the 17th verse of Surah 10. Yunus, it is being said:
(10:17) Who, then, is a greater wrong-doer than he who forges a lie against Allah or rejects His signs as false? Surely the guilty shall not prosper.

In the 4th verse of Surah 31 Luqman, it is clarified who will be successful in their life:

(31:4) who establish Prayer and pay Zakah, and have firm faith in the Hereafter. 

(31:5) It is they who are on true guidance from their Lord, and it is they who shall prosper. 

And here too, the next verse mentions about those who establish and guard their prayers that they will succeed:
وَذَكَرَ اسۡمَ رَبِّهٖ فَصَلّٰى​ ؕ‏ 
(87:15) remembering his Lord's name and praying.
Yusuf Ali  Explanation
Prosper. in the highest sense; attain to Bliss or Salvation; as opposed to "enter the Fire". The first process in godliness is to cleanse ourselves in body, mind, and soul. Then we shall be in a fit state to see and proclaim the Glory of Allah. That leads us to our actual absorption in Praise and Prayer.

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi Explanation:
It is this purification which is the objective of religion and whose reward will be given to a human being in the Hereafter in the form of Paradise. 

The next verse also substantiated the previous verse and explains that it is also the prayer which purifies the man:

(" وَ ذَکَرَ اسۡمَ رَبِّہٖ فَصَلّٰی " and for this he remembered his Lord’s name, then prayed [87:15] ) The Almighty has very concisely mentioned here the way to achieve this objective: one should adhere to God’s remembrance with a true comprehension of His attributes and should submit to Him with all his being. The prayer is the greatest manifestation of this remembrance and this submission.

Qur'an Wiki:
Purification is used here in the widest sense of the word: purification from everything filthy or sinful. The person who seeks to purify himself, glorifies his Lord, feels His power and majesty in his inmost soul and prays, [whether praying is taken in its general sense or its specific Islamic sense] will definitely be successful, as God states here. He will achieve success here in this life as he enjoys his relationship with God and the perfect bliss that results from his glorification of God. He will achieve even greater success in the hereafter as he escapes hell and is rewarded with perfect happiness in heaven. How different the two destinies are.
Thus, whoever engages in the act of trying to cleanse themselves from within, whoever has the time and effort to look inside themselves and say, ‘How can I become a better person, how can I cleanse myself, is there anything good inside me that I can nourish?’ – has succeeded. So look inside yourself, find something good inside of you, harvest it, and let it come out. The person who is concerned with cleaning themselves attained the ultimate success because now they have the right concern, the right attitude, the right priority.
Please listen to explanation of the ayat by eminent Muslim scholar Nouman Ali Khan:
May Allah help us understand Qur'ān and help us to act upon the commandments of Allah contained therein. Aameen.

For more Selected Verses, please refer to our reference page: Selected Verses from the Qur'anYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.
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Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully.

An effort has been made to gather explanation / exegesis of the surahs of the Qur'ān from authentic sources and then present a least possible condensed explanation of the surah. In that the exegesis of the chapters of the Quran is mainly based on the "Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Qur'an" by one of the most enlightened scholars of the Muslim World Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.  
In order to augment and add more explanation as already provided, additional input has been interjected from following sources: 
  • Towards Understanding the Quran
  • Tafsir Ibn Khatir
  • Muhammad Asad Translation
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi / Al Mawrid
  • Al-Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation
  • Verse by Verse Qur'an Study Circle
In addition the references of other sources which have been explored have also been given above. Those desirous of detailed explanations and tafsir (exegesis), may refer to these sites.

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