Sunday 26 March 2023

Prophetic Supplication (attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) to invoke the very Mercy of Allah

Man has always been the focus of the evil and is so fragile that more often than not, he succumbs to the temptations of the evil. But when the act of evil is over, one is left morose and extremely lamenting at one's fouling. For such believers, Allah has never closed His doors of forgiveness, provided the sinner or the wrongdoers sincerely repent their action and seek Divine forgiveness.

We share a hadith attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ today in which a meaningful invocation is mentioned to move Allah's countless blessings and seeking forgiveness. This Hadith is mentioned in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī (Book 10 - Call to Prayers (Adhaan) كتاب الأذان / Chapter (149): Invocation before the Taslim باب الدُّعَاءِ قَبْلَ السَّلاَمِ) as Hadith 834, given herein under:

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْخَيْرِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ‏.‏ أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلِّمْنِي دُعَاءً أَدْعُو بِهِ فِي صَلاَتِي‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي ظُلْمًا كَثِيرًا وَلاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، فَاغْفِرْ لِي مَغْفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْدِكَ، وَارْحَمْنِي إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ ‏"‏‏.‏

Narrated by Abu Bakr As-Siddiq:
I asked Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) to teach me an invocation so that I may invoke Allah with it in my prayer. He told me to say, "Allahumma inni zalumtu nafsi zulman kathiran, Wala yaghfiru dh-dhunuba illa anta, fa ghfir li maghfiratan min `indika, wa r-hamni, innaka anta l-ghafuru r-rahim (O Allah! I have done great injustice to myself and none except You forgives sins, so bestow on me a forgiveness from You, and Have Mercy on me, You are the Forgiver, the Merciful).

Let us first of all try our best not to fall prey to evil, for temptations to sin are always very lucrative. But if God forbids one does fall under the evil influence, one must immediately repent and seek Allah's forgiveness. Rest assured Allah is oft forgiving and extremely merciful. 

Note: In this invocation, two attributes of Allah are mentioned. Please click on the attributes to know the meaning of these attributes. (Al-Ghafur (الغفور) / Ar Rahim (الرحيم) )

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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Allah is the most merciful for all human beings. He is the great Forgiver. Evilness invites mankind towards all wrong things. If any time, one is mislead HE MUST BE ASHAMED OF BY HEART purely and seek mercy from Allah. Allah forgives and will never disappoint you.

Author has made a great effort to make us understand.

Anwar Butt Gujranwala
Seeking shelter of Allah from Satan

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