Tuesday 18 July 2023

Reward of Preserving the Prayer Times (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

It has been obligatory upon every adult / sane Muslim man and woman to regularly offer their obligatory prayers five times a day. Since it is a Divine obligation, no one is excused from offering the obligatory prayers (that is Fard only). If someone cannot stand and pray as the practicing norm is, one may sit on a chair and even if that is not possible, one may lie down and pray. 

The only excuse is that if someone is insane and mentally not stable who has no control over his actions. Even during travel, there is no excuse from obligatory prayers. However, due to hazards of travel, the obligatory cycles (Fard) have been allowed to be offered in half, except the Maghrib (evening) prayer, which remain three as otherwise.
The above video says it all about observing prayers no matter what!! 
(Shared at Twitter by @islamicfreedom)

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has emphasized many a times that the prayers must be offered at the appointed times of given time bracket, but as early as possible. This carries great reward as promised by Allah (سبحانه و تعالى‎).

This Hadith is mentioned in Sunan Abi Dawud (Book # 2 Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): كتاب الصيام / Chapter # 158 Preserving the Prayer Times / باب فِي الْمُحَافَظَةِ عَلَى وَقْتِ الصَّلَوَاتِ ) as Hadith number # 425, quoted herein under:

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ الْوَاسِطِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ هَارُونَ - حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُطَرِّفٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الصُّنَابِحِيِّ، قَالَ زَعَمَ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ أَنَّ الْوِتْرَ، وَاجِبٌ، فَقَالَ عُبَادَةُ بْنُ الصَّامِتِ كَذَبَ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ أَشْهَدُ أَنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ افْتَرَضَهُنَّ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى مَنْ أَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُنَّ وَصَلاَّهُنَّ لِوَقْتِهِنَّ وَأَتَمَّ رُكُوعَهُنَّ وَخُشُوعَهُنَّ كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَهُ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ إِنْ شَاءَ غَفَرَ لَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ عَذَّبَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Sunabihi:
Abu Muhammad fancies that witr prayer is essential. (Hearing this) Ubadah ibn as-Samit said: Abu Muhammad was wrong. I bear witness that I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: Allah, the Exalted, has made five prayers obligatory. If anyone performs ablution for them well, offers them at their (right) time, and observes perfectly their bowing and submissiveness in them, it is the guarantee of Allah that He will pardon him; if anyone does not do so, there is no guarantee for him on the part of Allah; He may pardon him if He wills, and punish him if He wills.
Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani):  حكم صحيح  (الألباني) 

The essence of the above quoted Hadith is:
  • Performing ablution as best as possible, ensuring no part of the body which is to be washed as obligatory is left dried.
  • Offering the prayer at the right time, preferably in a masjid in congregation
  • Focusing on pleasing Allah all the time and not as a show off for others.
  • If these conditions are fulfilled, Allah guarantees his pardon.
* Please read our following posts for guidance on performing Salat: 
My dear brothers and sisters in Islam, please adhere to many commandments and Hadiths on prayer and make sure you perform these as best as you can, thinking it to be the last prayer of your life, for you never know whether you will be alive for the next prayer.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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