Friday 15 September 2023

Etiquettes of attending the Jumu'ah Congregation - Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Youm e Jumu'ah (Friday day congregation) assumes a very important day in the life of Muslims all over the world. It is the day when all adult men (and women too) flock the masjids to offer the noon prayer in a congregation as commanded by Allah in Surah Jumu'ah, the 62nd Chapter of Qur'an. We have already written a number of posts to highlight the importance of the day based on verses from Qur'an and many a Hadith attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

Today we share yet another important Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in which the revered prophet has highlighted the need to prepare well for the Friday Prayer as best as one can and then pray as much to Allah as one can after entering the masjid before commencement of Jumu'ah prayer khutba (address) by the imam leading the prayer. 

This Hadith is quoted in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: Book (#11) Friday Prayer - كتاب الجمعة   / Chapter # 6 To use (hair) oil for the Friday prayer / باب الدُّهْنِ لِلْجُمُعَةِ ) as Hadith number # 883 as under:

Narrated Salman-Al-Farsi: The Prophet ﷺ said, "Whoever takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of his house, then proceeds (for the Jumu'ah prayer) and does not separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as (Allah has) written for him and then remains silent while the Imam is delivering the Khutba, his sins in-between the present and the last Friday would be forgiven."

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا آدَمُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي، عَنِ ابْنِ وَدِيعَةَ، عَنْ سَلْمَانَ الْفَارِسِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يَغْتَسِلُ رَجُلٌ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ، وَيَتَطَهَّرُ مَا اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْ طُهْرٍ، وَيَدَّهِنُ مِنْ دُهْنِهِ، أَوْ يَمَسُّ مِنْ طِيبِ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ، فَلاَ يُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ، ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي مَا كُتِبَ لَهُ، ثُمَّ يُنْصِتُ إِذَا تَكَلَّمَ الإِمَامُ، إِلاَّ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْجُمُعَةِ الأُخْرَى ‏"‏‏.‏

The self-explanatory Hadith lays down the special preparation one has to make before embarking to the masjid for the Friday Congregational Prayer which entails:
  • Taking a bath on Friday, purifying himself as much as he can. Since the Jumu'ah congregation is an obligation on all Muslims, on this day, the masjids are overcrowded as compared to usual noon prayer, that is Dhur. Therefore, it is incumbent over every Muslim to take a complete bath and wear clean / washed clothes so that they are not smelly.
  • In addition, one should use his (hair) oil and perfume himself with the scent of his house. This is for the same reason as taking a bath and warding off any odd smell.
  • Upon entering the masjid, one should not jump over the people already sitting in the masjid.
  • Thereafter, one should busy himself in remembering Allah as much one can. 
  • And when the imam commences the Khutba, one should silently listen to the imam.
You may like to read a Hadith earlier posted by us on importance of Jumu'ah Congregation: Why Friday chosen for Congregational Prayer (Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: Hadith 876)
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our exclusive reference page Etiquettes taught by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for more etiquettes attributed to Prophet Muhammad.

You may also refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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