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Friday, September 15, 2023

Etiquettes taught by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ: Sharing same food with servant that he made for you

The value of means of sustenance should be asked from people who are greatly less fortunate as compared to others.  Those who have a surplus or more than others must therefore share it with those who need even a piece of date to eat to address their hunger. 

It is generally seen that people who have more and can even hire a servant or a cook to make food for them are not given part of the food they have so painstakingly prepared for their masters in the heat and smoke of the kitchen. This is why Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has at many a time advised his companions to look after their servants well before helping others out of their household. That is why it is generally said that charity begins from home.

In connection with this premise, we share a Hadith attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ which emphasizes the need to be kind to one's servant and share food with him, the same food he prepared for his master.  This Hadith is mentioned in Sunan Ibn Majah (Chapters on Food كتاب الأطعمة / Chapter # 24 Caution and piety /باب الْوَرَعِ وَالتَّقْوَى) as Hadith number # 4216 as under:

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “When the servant of anyone of you brings his food, let him make him sit down with him or give him some of it, for he is the one who put up with its heat and smoke.”
Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمُنْذِرِ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْهَجَرِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ إِذَا جَاءَ خَادِمُ أَحَدِكُمْ بِطَعَامِهِ فَلْيُقْعِدْهُ مَعَهُ أَوْ لِيُنَاوِلْهُ مِنْهُ فَإِنَّهُ هُوَ الَّذِي وَلِيَ حَرَّهُ وَدُخَانَهُ ‏"‏‏.‏

This etiquette is commonly seen being observed by the Arabs who have their staff sit with them and eat food with them. Let us also emulate this Hadith and should never have separate food for servants and separate for masters. Let us share food with them to foster brotherhood among us.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our exclusive reference page Etiquettes taught by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for more etiquettes attributed to Prophet Muhammad.

You may also refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given below. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

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