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Thursday 4 July 2024

Fundamental Ethical and Moral Guidelines for Muslims (Divine Commandment from Qur'an)

Qur'an, the last of the four Divine Scripturas (earlier three being the Psalms Torah and the Gospel). It is a book of Divine Guidance for those who sincerely seek guidance hidden in the many a verse of Qur'an. Right in the beginning of the Surah 2. Al Baqarah (The Cow), Allah tells the knowledge seekers that Qur'an is the Book of Guidance for those who are God-conscious:

ذٰ لِكَ الۡڪِتٰبُ لَا رَيۡبَ ۛۚ ۖ فِيۡهِ ۛۚ هُدًى لِّلۡمُتَّقِيۡنَۙ‏ 
(2:2) This is the Book of Allah, there is no doubt in it; it is a guidance for the pious.

There on, there are number  of verses that give out tip and modus operandi to seek guidance. We have been sharing many such verses in our previous posts. Today we share the 151st verse of Surah Al-An'am, Chapter/Surah 6 of Qur'an in which Allah provides clear commandments to the believers specially aimed at ethical and moral guidelines:

قُلۡ تَعَالَوۡا اَتۡلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمۡ عَلَيۡكُمۡ​ اَلَّا تُشۡرِكُوۡا بِهٖ شَيۡـئًـا وَّبِالۡوَالِدَيۡنِ اِحۡسَانًا​ ۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوۡۤا اَوۡلَادَكُمۡ مِّنۡ اِمۡلَاقٍ​ؕ نَحۡنُ نَرۡزُقُكُمۡ وَاِيَّاهُمۡ​ ۚ وَلَا تَقۡرَبُوا الۡفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنۡهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ​ ۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوا النَّفۡسَ الَّتِىۡ حَرَّمَ اللّٰهُ اِلَّا بِالۡحَـقِّ​ ؕ ذٰ لِكُمۡ وَصّٰٮكُمۡ بِهٖ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُوۡنَ‏ 
Say to them (O Muhammad!): 'Come, let me recite what your Lord has laid down to you: (i) that you associate nothing with Him; (ii) and do good to your parents; (iii) and do not slay your children out of fear of poverty. We provide you and will likewise provide them with sustenance; (iv) and do not even draw to things shameful - be they open or secret; (v) and do not slay the soul sanctified by Allah except in just cause; this He has enjoined upon you so that you may understand;

Note: The detailed explanation / tafsir of this verse can be read from our post: Surah Al An'aam (The Cattle): 6th Chapter of Qur'an (Part III) [Link]

Herein under we only share the fundamental ethical and moral guidelines given in the verse: 

Prohibition of Shirk: The first and foremost command is not to associate anything with Allah, emphasizing the importance of monotheism. (Read our exclusive post on: What is the Reality of Shirk - the sin of idolatry or polytheism)

Good Treatment of Parents: The verse instructs believers to be kind and respectful to their parents. (Read our exclusive post on: Why Islam Stresses on Respect of Parents)

Prohibition of Killing Children: It forbids killing children due to fear of poverty, reassuring that Allah will provide sustenance for both parents and children. (Read our exclusive post on: When the girl-child buried alive shall be asked for what offence was she killed)

Avoidance of Immoralities: It commands believers to stay away from immoral acts, both those that are apparent and those that are hidden. (Read our exclusive post on: How to arrest the spread of Immorality (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ))

Prohibition of Unlawful Killing: The verse prohibits the killing of any soul that Allah has forbidden to be killed, except in the course of justice. The Quran has described killing one innocent person as equivalent to killing all humankind, and saving one person's life as equivalent to saving all humankind. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, in a Hadith of Bukhari, has included unlawful killing among the “seven great destructive sins”

These commandments serve as fundamental ethical and moral guidelines for Muslims, aiming to promote a just and compassionate society. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Divine Commandments in Qur'an  for more guidelines

You may also refer to our Selected verses from Sūrahs of Qur'an to highlight important topics with detailed explanation and Reference Page on Understanding Al Qur'an for knowing more about Islam and Qur'an. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on FacebookYou may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Holy Qur'an - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Wednesday 3 July 2024

Three acts with which the heart of a Muslim shall not be deceived (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) mentioned three acts that, if practiced sincerely, will not deceive the heart of a true believer. These acts are related to maintaining sincere relationships, providing sound advice, and upholding the community's trust. 


These three acts attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ are mentioned in Hadith mentioned Jami` at-Tirmidhi  (41 -  Chapters on Knowledge / كتاب العلم عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم / Chapter # 7 What Has Been Related About The Encouragement To Convey What Is Heard / باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْحَثِّ عَلَى تَبْلِيغِ السَّمَاعِ  ) as Hadith number # 2658, appended herein under:

Narrated by 'Abdul-Malik bin 'Umair from 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud that he narrated from his father, from the Prophet (ﷺ) who said:

 "May Allah beautify a man who hears a saying of mine, so he understands it, remembers it, and conveys it. Perhaps he carries the Fiqh to one who has more understanding than him. There are three with which the heart of a Muslim shall not be deceived. Sincerity in deeds for Allah, giving Nasihah to the A'immah of Muslims, and sticking to the Jama'ah. For indeed the call is protected from behind them."

Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ نَضَّرَ اللَّهُ امْرَأً سَمِعَ مَقَالَتِي فَوَعَاهَا وَحَفِظَهَا وَبَلَّغَهَا فَرُبَّ حَامِلِ فِقْهٍ إِلَى مَنْ هُوَ أَفْقَهُ مِنْهُ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثٌ لاَ يُغَلُّ عَلَيْهِنَّ قَلْبُ مُسْلِمٍ إِخْلاَصُ الْعَمَلِ لِلَّهِ وَمُنَاصَحَةُ أَئِمَّةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَلُزُومِ جَمَاعَتِهِمْ فَإِنَّ الدَّعْوَةَ تُحِيطُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Although, this hadith is self explanatory, let us examine each of these three acts in little more detail:

Sincerity in Actions Done for Allah's Sake: This refers to performing all acts of worship and good deeds purely for the sake of Allah, without any intention of gaining worldly benefits or recognition from others. Sincerity (ikhlas) ensures that a believer's heart remains free from hypocrisy and deceit.

Giving Sincere Advice to the Leaders of the Muslims: Offering sincere and constructive advice to the leaders and rulers within the Muslim community is crucial for maintaining justice and righteousness. This act fosters trust, accountability, and the well-being of the community.

Sticking to the Community of the Muslims (their Jama'ah): Being part of the Muslim community and maintaining unity is essential for preserving the faith and strength of the community. It involves supporting each other, participating in communal prayers, and upholding collective obligations.

The hadith thus emphasizes the importance of sincerity, sincere advice, and community cohesion. These acts are foundational to the integrity and strength of a believer's heart and the Muslim community. By practicing these principles, Muslims can foster trust, unity, and faithfulness, ensuring that their hearts remain free from deceit and malice.
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Collection of Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ  for more Hadiths on the General Subjects.

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.


Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Monday 1 July 2024

How shameful will be the people who will be under the Betrayal Flag on Day of Judgement

Betrayal is the action of betraying one's country, a group, or a person. Betrayal means "an act of deliberate disloyalty," like exposing state secrets to people not allowed to know, or even exposing some family member's weak point to others to belittle that person. Betrayal is also disloyalty to one's people when placed in a position of authority and putting the national interests at stake.

In the context of Islamic teachings and general moral principles, betrayal is the act of breaking trust, loyalty, or faith with someone who has placed confidence in you. It is considered a grave sin and a serious moral failing. Betrayal can occur in various forms, including:
  • Breaking Trust: Violating the trust someone has placed in you, whether in personal relationships, business dealings, or other commitments.
  • Deception: Lying or misleading someone who believes in your honesty and integrity.
  • Infidelity: Being unfaithful in relationships, particularly marital infidelity.
  • Treachery: Betraying one's country, community, or group for personal gain or out of malice.
  • Disloyalty: Failing to support or uphold the interests of those to whom one owes loyalty, such as friends, family, or colleagues.
In view of the above evil actions of betrayal, Islam places a high value on trustworthiness and loyalty. Betrayal is explicitly condemned in both the Quran and Hadith.

In this context of betrayal and their shame, we share a hadith attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ which highlights the utter shame for those who betrayed their families, people or even nations for their personal gains and benefit: This Hadith is mentioned in Sahi al-Bukhārī  (Book 58 Jizyah and Mawaada'ah /  كتاب الجزية والموادعة / Chapter 22:  The sin of a betrayer / باب  باب إِثْمِ الْغَادِرِ لِلْبَرِّ وَالْفَاجِرِ ) as Hadith 3188, given herein under:

Narrated Ibn `Umar:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Every betrayer will have a flag which will be fixed on the Day of Resurrection, and the flag's prominence will be made in order to show the betrayal he committed."

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ لِكُلِّ غَادِرٍ لِوَاءٌ يُنْصَبُ لِغَدْرَتِهِ ‏"‏‏.‏

That is when Allah gathers the earlier and later generations on the Day of Resurrection, He will raise a flag for every betrayer, and it will be announced: 'This is the betrayal of so-and-so, the son of so-and-so.' Let us examine this hadith as explained by the scholars:

Significance of the Flag: The flag symbolizes public exposure and disgrace for those who committed acts of betrayal. It serves as a warning and a mark of dishonor that everyone will see, highlighting the gravity of treachery.

Accountability on the Day of Judgment: This hadith emphasizes that betrayers will not escape accountability. Their actions will be publicly known, and they will be identified by their deeds.

Moral and Ethical Implications: The teachings stress the importance of trustworthiness, truthfulness, and fidelity in dealings and relationships. Betrayal is considered a severe moral failing in Islam, and the "betrayal flag" serves as a powerful deterrent against such behavior.

Thus in view of the above quoted hadith and its explanation, the concept of the "betrayal flag" underscores the seriousness of betrayal and treachery in Islam. It serves as a reminder of the importance of honesty, trust, and loyalty in all aspects of life, and the severe consequences of failing to uphold these values. 

Taking this hadith as a caution, let us take a self appraisal and see if any action of ours is not tantamount to betrayal and if we get a negative feedback, then it is time to make amends. Let us be honest to ourselves and to our families, friends, societies and even nations, for betraying anyone has very serious ramification and will not be be forgiven. For it will be highlighted by the betrayal flag on the Day of Judgement and one will fetch nothing but utter shame. Let us save ourselves for this shame - time is now!!
May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Collection of Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about Warning and Cautions for more Hadiths on the subject

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.


Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Sunday 30 June 2024

Why Islam gives so much emphasis on Modesty " Hayā حياء "

Modesty is the quality of not being too proud or confident about yourself or your abilities. (She accepted the award with modesty). It is also the propriety in dress, speech, or conduct (like "the young man was known for his modesty".) When it comes to women, modesty is known as demureness, is a mode of dress and deportment which intends to avoid the encouraging of sexual attraction in others. The word modesty comes from the Latin word modestus which means 'keeping within measure'. It is genrally observed that most of the ills in our societies are due to non adherence to a code of conduct due to which the entire personality of a person, both within and without. 

While the term "Haya" is not explicitly mentioned in the Quran, the principles and behaviors associated with it are emphasized throughout. The Quran encourages modesty, chastity, and humility, which are core elements of Haya. The hadiths further reinforce the importance of Haya as an integral part of faith, illustrating its significance in the daily lives of Muslims. Quran promotes principles and behaviors that embody the essence of Haya, such as modesty, chastity, and humility. It is for this purpose much emphasis is laid on avoid gazing bodies of other men and women, for such lusty gazes invites the evil ro mislead man and women, as was Adam and Ever were enticed in the Heavens to disobey Allah and thus lured them to fall into his evil trap. It is said in Qur'an :

(O Prophet), enjoin believing men to cast down their looks and guard their private parts.30 That is purer for them. Surely Allah is well aware of all what they do. (Surah 24 An Nur:30) 

As women too have been duly cautioned too:

And enjoin believing women to cast down their looks and guard their private parts and not reveal their adornment except that which is revealed of itself, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment save to their husbands, or their fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or of their own sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or the sons of their brothers,41 or the sons of their sisters,.... (Surah 24 An Nur:31)

    * You may detailed explanation of the above said verses in our exegesis / tafsir of Surah An Nur

Prophet Muhammad صَلَّى اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, too has emphasised the need to observe modesty and Haya:

In a Hadith he has been quoted as saying: When you do not have modesty, so do whatever you want. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, pp. 470, Hadith 3484) 

It is narrated by Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, "Modesty is a branch of faith." (Reference: Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith 56

It has become obvious that one of the reasons for avoiding any evil act is modesty.

As stated above, when one is immodest, Satan and his associated entice such men, and women, to push aside barriers that differentiate between modesty and immodesty, and enter the domain of lewdness - something highly detested by Allah.  

Thus, in Islam, modesty, or "Haya" in Arabic, is a comprehensive concept encompassing both inner and outer aspects of a Muslim's life. It involves modest behavior, speech, dress, and overall demeanor. Modesty in Islam is considered a virtue that reflects a person's faith and piety. 

The concept of modesty is addressed in Islamic teachings from many angles. In physical terms, modesty is connected with the awra', an Arabic term meaning 'inviolate vulnerability' (El Guindi 1999:142), or 'what must be covered' and consisting of the private body parts of a human being. Here’s a detailed exploration of what modesty means in Islam:

Inner Modesty

Modesty in Faith and Actions: Fear of Allah: Inner modesty involves having a strong consciousness of Allah (taqwa) and being mindful of His presence in all actions.

Humility: It includes humility and avoiding arrogance. A modest person acknowledges their own faults and strives to improve them, seeking Allah’s guidance and forgiveness.

Self-Respect and Dignity: Self-Control: Inner modesty is about self-control and avoiding sinful behaviors. It encourages one to restrain from actions that might lead to immorality or immodesty.

Outer Modesty

Modesty in Dress:  Islam has fixed the standards of modesty for both men and women. For men, the minimum amount to be covered is between the navel and the knee. For women who are in the presence of men not related to them, they must cover their bodies except for their face, hands and feet. Some go to extreme of covering face with only eye visible, but most scholars do not agree with this extra precaution.  It is therefore haram to look at the awrah/satr/private areas(navel of others. If someone's awrah is exposed in front of you, it is your duty to look away and protect your gazes.
For Women: Women are instructed to dress modestly, covering their bodies in a way that does not attract undue attention. This is outlined in Surah An-Nur (24:31) and Surah Al-Ahzab (33:59). Though they can take off your hijab when you are in privacy, such as in their own home, bedroom, or bathroom. This allows them to be comfortable and free in their personal space without worrying about anyone seeing them.
For Men: Men are also required to dress modestly, covering their bodies from the navel to the knees as a minimum standard, and to avoid wearing tight or transparent clothing that reveals their body.

Modesty in Behavior:

Lowering the Gaze: Both men and women are commanded to lower their gaze to avoid looking at things that may lead to sinful thoughts or actions (Surah An-Nur 24:30-31).

Interactions with the Opposite Gender: Modesty in interactions includes maintaining a respectful and professional demeanor, avoiding unnecessary physical contact, and being mindful of privacy and boundaries.

Modesty in Speech: Respectful Communication: Modesty in speech involves speaking kindly, avoiding vulgar or offensive language, and not engaging in gossip or slander.

Truthfulness: Being honest and avoiding lies is part of maintaining modesty in speech.

Modesty in Islam, thus, is a multifaceted concept that includes inner qualities like humility and self-respect, and outer expressions such as modest dress, behavior, and speech. It reflects a person's commitment to their faith and their awareness of Allah’s presence in their lives. Modesty helps to maintain social harmony, protect individual dignity, and foster an environment of respect and morality.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Photo | references: | 1 | 2 | 3 |

For more Q&A about Understanding Islam, please refer to our reference page: Understanding Islam - Frequently asked Q&A

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on FacebookYou may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

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Wednesday 26 June 2024

Illegal is the sale of dead animals and idols (Hadith Prophet Muhammad ﷺ)

Many a believer often ask whether sale of alcohol is legal or otherwise. These queries often arise when Muslims working in non Muslim countries are to sell merchandise which is otherwise illegal in Islam. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has forbidden trading in merchandise which are mentioned in the Hadith attributed to him herein under:

This Hadith is mentioned in Sahi al-Bukhārī  (Book 34 Sales and Trade /  كتاب البيوع / Chapter 112:  The sale of dead animals and idols / باب   بَيْعِ الْمَيْتَةِ وَالأَصْنَامِ ) as Hadith 497.

Narrated by Jabir bin `Abdullah:

I heard Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), in the year of the Conquest of Mecca, saying, "Allah and His Apostle made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols." The people asked, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides; and people use it for lights?" He said, "No, it is illegal." Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) further said, "May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah made the fat (of animals) illegal for them, yet they melted the fat and sold it and ate its price."

Arabic Text:
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ عَامَ الْفَتْحِ، وَهُوَ بِمَكَّةَ ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ حَرَّمَ بَيْعَ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْتَةِ وَالْخِنْزِيرِ وَالأَصْنَامِ ‏"‏‏.‏ فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، أَرَأَيْتَ شُحُومَ الْمَيْتَةِ فَإِنَّهَا يُطْلَى بِهَا السُّفُنُ، وَيُدْهَنُ بِهَا الْجُلُودُ، وَيَسْتَصْبِحُ بِهَا النَّاسُ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ، هُوَ حَرَامٌ ‏"‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ قَاتَلَ اللَّهُ الْيَهُودَ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَّا حَرَّمَ شُحُومَهَا جَمَلُوهُ ثُمَّ بَاعُوهُ فَأَكَلُوا ثَمَنَهُ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عَاصِمٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْحَمِيدِ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، كَتَبَ إِلَىَّ عَطَاءٌ سَمِعْتُ جَابِرًا ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏.‏

The hadith above can be understood better with the following explanation:

Trade of Dead Animals: The sale of dead animals (carrion) is prohibited because consuming carrion is haram (forbidden) in Islam. This prohibition is based on the principle that Muslims should avoid benefiting from anything that is harmful or impure.

Trade of IdolsThe sale of idols is prohibited because idol worship (shirk) is considered one of the gravest sins in Islam. Engaging in the trade of idols would indirectly support and promote practices that are antithetical to Islamic monotheism (Tawhid).

General Prohibition of Unlawful Items: The hadiths collectively prohibit not only the sale of dead animals and idols but also alcohol and pigs. These items are all considered impure or harmful, and their trade is forbidden to prevent Muslims from engaging in or benefiting from unlawful activities.

The teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) thus clearly prohibit the trade of dead animals, idols, alcohol, and pigs. These prohibitions are aimed at maintaining the spiritual and physical purity of the Muslim community and ensuring that economic activities align with Islamic values and ethics.

Muslims should therefore be mindful of trading items mentioned in the above quoted Hadith for such trading clearly clashes with Islamic teachings and values. 

Lard is made from 100 percent animal fat (usually pork) that has been separated from the meat. Most lard is made through a process called rendering, whereby the fatty parts of the pig (such as the belly, butt, and shoulder) are cooked slowly until the fat is melted.
 
Be careful for HS code 1501, which indicative of PIG FAT (INCLUDING LARD) AND POULTRY FAT. Likewise beware of Code E476 is emulsifier and stabilizer - salt or esters of fatty acids. It is halal if it is 100% from plant fats and haram if it is from pork fats.

Swine by-products are also important parts of products such as water filters, insulation, rubber, antifreeze, certain plastics, floor waxes, crayons, chalk, adhesives and fertilizer (USDA, 2016). Lard is fat from pig abdomens and is used in shaving creams, soaps, make-up, baked goods and other foods

Some toothpastes use glycerin which is derived from animal fats, mainly pork. This is used to give the toothpaste its texture. Some commercial toothpastes also contain harmful ingredients such as sodium lauryl sulfate, flavorings, artificial sweeteners, dyes and colorings, antimicrobials and thickening agents. 

In view of the information above, we should also be mindful of buying eating items which include pig fats. This can be done by reading the ingredients of any eatable, specially chocolates etc.  

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Collection of Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ  for more Hadiths on the General Subjects.

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.


Disclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about Self-Reliance with Dignity and Value of Honest Labour

Islam highly values hard work and self-reliance. The teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) discourage beggary and emphasize the virtue and dignity of earning a living through one's own efforts. These hadiths serve as a reminder of the importance of honest labor and the benefits it brings to individuals and society.

There are many individuals and even countries who instead of working by themselves or tapping their own abundant resources, though by hard way, resort to beggary or asking for loans and aids from other countries. Loans from others not only continue to pile up including interest, for which more loans are sought to pay the mere interest of previous loans. This results in piling of loans which lazy countries who spend more on their leisure rather than spending to tap their resources, and finally find them bankrupt and losers.

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) provided several teachings regarding beggary, emphasizing the importance of self-reliance and hard work over begging. He encouraged Muslims to avoid beggary unless absolutely necessary and praised the dignity of earning one's own livelihood through honest labor. He has always asserted to earn a living by one's own hand rather than looking up to others to throws a morsel or a penny for them.

The essence of such hadiths is as under:

Role Models from Prophets: The mention of Prophet Dawud (David) earning his living through manual labor serves as an example and inspiration for Muslims to follow. It shows that even prophets engaged in work and did not rely on others for their sustenance.

Self-Reliance and Dignity: These hadiths emphasize the dignity of earning one's own livelihood through hard work and effort. It is considered more honorable and rewarding to work and earn one's living than to depend on others through begging.

Value of Honest Labor: The hadiths highlight that engaging in honest labor, even if it involves physically demanding tasks like gathering firewood, is preferable to begging. This underscores the value Islam places on self-sufficiency and integrity.

Encouragement of Economic Activity: These teachings encourage economic activity and personal responsibility within the Muslim community. They promote a work ethic that values productivity and self-reliance.

Consequences of Unnecessary Begging: Begging to accumulate wealth is strongly discouraged, with the Prophet (ﷺ) warning that it is akin to collecting live coals, symbolizing the harm it brings to one's spiritual well-being. 

Exceptions to the Rule: There are exceptions where begging may be permitted, such as when one is in dire need or when seeking help from a ruler or authority figure for a legitimate need. 

Some of the Hadiths attributed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ with references and links shared herein under provide you with accurate and authentic sources for the hadiths emphasizing the importance of working hard to earn a living over resorting to beggary:

Narrated Al-Miqdam: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one's own hands. The Prophet of Allah, David, used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor." (Reference: Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 34, Hadith 2072)

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "No doubt, it is better for any one of you to cut a bundle of wood and carry it over his back rather than to ask someone who may or may not give him."  (Reference: Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 34, Hadith 2074)

We see around a lot of able bodied men and women, even children asking for charity and alms, while they are physically strong to do some work as labourer and earn a Halal living. But they resort to beggary for it is easy money earned, but forget the fate of those who earn Haram money and will be asked on the Day of Judgement.

The above quoted Hadiths underscores the value of self-reliance, dignity, and hard work in Islam. It teaches that even menial labor is preferable to begging and emphasizes the importance of earning one's own livelihood through honest means. These hadith aligns with the broader Islamic principles of self-respect, responsibility, and community welfare.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 
وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is Our duty is only to convey to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Reading the Qur'ān should be a daily obligation of a Muslim - Reading it with translation will make it meaningful. But reading its Exegesis / Tafsir will make you understand it fully. It will also help the Muslims to have grasp over social issues and their answers discussed in the Qur'an and other matter related to inter faith so that they are able to discuss issues with non-Muslims with authority based on refences from Qur'an.

Note: When we mention God in our posts, we mean One True God, we call Allah in Islam, with no associates. Allah is the Sole Creator of all things, and that Allah is all-powerful and all-knowing. Allah has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

Please refer to our reference page: Collection of Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ  for more Hadiths on the General Subjects.

For more hadiths on varying subjects, refer to our reference page: Sunnah and Hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to know more about Hadiths and Sunnah of Prophet of Allah. You may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Qur'ān.

PhotoDisclaimer: The material for this post has been collected from the references as given above. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Qur'ān - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

Monday 24 June 2024

What is unique about the Qur'anic Arabic - A linguist explains

The grammar of any language generally follows a similar patters. And the same style is observed when reading various religious scriptures. However there is a uniqueness in the Arabic language of Qur'an which is altogether different from the language of all previous scriptures.

Herein under are some features of the language of Qur'an which makes it a book of unique linguistics and it really requires a linguist to decipher the true meaning of its verses:

The grammar and syntax of Quranic Arabic are highly structured and complex, enabling intricate and sophisticated constructions. Quranic Arabic has a rich and extensive vocabulary, allowing for precise and nuanced expression.

The Quran employs a variety of rhetorical devices, including metaphors, similes, and parables, enhancing its literary beauty and depth. The text features rhythmic patterns and phonetic harmony, contributing to its recitability and memorability.

It is widely believed that the Quran's language is inimitable, meaning it cannot be replicated or matched in its eloquence, style, and depth. This is considered a sign of its divine origin. The Quran itself challenges skeptics to produce a text of comparable beauty and meaning, which is considered an impossible task.

That is why those who criticize Qur'an get bogged down for one they read only the English translation of the Qur'an and secondly they are handicapped as far the unique Arabic language used in the Qur'an. It is for the reason that there a large number of Arabic words in Qur'an which cannot be translated in any language for their uniqueness.

Unlike other scriptures, there are frequent switches between the gender. And these are so abrupt that anyone who has learnt the grammar of one's language is flabbergasted as to why there are sudden and abrupt changes within the text of the Qur'an. Likewise, the scenes also change which in matter time are really mind boggling. 

In order to understand the uniqueness of the Qur'anic Arabic, we share today a wonderful video of immense education value, both for Muslims and non Muslims who get confused about the abrupt changes in the language, grammar and syntax of Qur'an. In the video, Nauman Ali Khan, a prominent Muslim scholar and an authority of language of Qur'an being a linguist himself.

After watching the video, readers would acknowledge that Qur'an is truly unique in its structure and literature. Allah's Speech shifts from addressing us directly to referring to past nations, with changes in perspective only seen in the Quran. This video explores these narrative techniques, showing the profound switches between the first, second, and third person. Discover how these elements contribute to the Quran’s unmatched style and divine standard.

Please watch the video:

About Nouman Ali Khan: Born to a Pakistani family, Nouman Ali Khan is an American Muslim speaker and Arabic instructor who founded the Bayyinah Institute for Arabic and Qur’anic Studies, after serving as an instructor of Arabic at Nassau Community College. He has been named one of the 500 most influential Muslims in the world by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre of Jordan.

May Allāh (سبحانه و تعالى‎) help us understand Qur'ān and follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, which is embodiment of commandments of Allah contained in the Qur'ān. May Allah help us to be like the ones He loves and let our lives be lived helping others and not making others' lives miserable or unlivable. May all our wrong doings, whether intentional or unintentional, be forgiven before the angel of death knocks on our door. 

وَمَا عَلَيۡنَاۤ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِيۡنُ‏ 
(36:17) and our duty is no more than to clearly convey the Message.”
That is our duty to convey only to you the message that Allah has entrusted us with. Then it is for you to accept it or reject it. We have not been made responsible for making you accept it forcibly, and if you do not accept it, we shall not be seized in consequence of your disbelief, you will yourselves be answerable for your actions on Day of Resurrection.

May Allah forgive me if my posts ever imply a piety far greater than I possess. I am most in need of guidance.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the video above are those of the scholar concerned. We have shared this view as added information in better understanding of Islam. The reader may or may not agree with the view owing to their own perception. If anyone differs with the material contained in this post, one may consult the references and their authors.  If someone has more material about the subject, he/she is most welcome to share in the comments box to make the post all encompassing.

Photo | For more Scholarly views and videos, please read our reference page: Scholars' Viewpoint on Important Issues Related to IslamYou may also refer to our Reference Pages for knowing more about Islam and Quran.
If you like Islam: My Ultimate Decision, and to keep yourself updated on all our latest posts to know more about Islam, follow us on Facebook. You may also refer to our Facebook  Group Islam: The Ultimate Truth for more on Islam and Da'wah.

Please share this page to your friends and family members through Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp or any means on social media so that they can also be benefited by it and better understand Islam and the Holy Qur'an - Insha Allah (Allah Willing) you shall be blessed with the best of both worlds.

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